INEWS(1)                  InterNetNews Documentation                  INEWS(1)

       inews - Post a Usenet article to the local news server

       inews [-ADhNORSVW] [-acdeFfnortwx value] [-p port] [file]

       inews reads a Usenet news article, perhaps with headers, from file or
       standard input if no file is given.  It adds some headers and performs
       some consistency checks.  If the article does not meet those checks,
       the article is rejected.  If it passes the checks, inews sends the
       article to the local news server as specified in inn.conf.

       By default, if a file named .signature exists in the home directory of
       the posting user, it is appended to the post, preceded by a line that
       contains only "-- ".  Signatures are not allowed to be more than four
       lines long.

       Cancel messages can only be posted with inews if the sender of the
       cancel message matches the sender of the original message being
       cancelled.  The same check is also applied to Supersedes.  Sender in
       this case means the contents of the Sender header if present, otherwise
       the From header.

       Control messages other than cancel messages are only allowed if inews
       is being run by the news user or by a user in the news group and if the
       control message is recognized.  If the article contains a Distribution
       header with a distribution that matches one of the bad distribution
       patterns in inn/options.h (anything containing a period by default),
       the message will be rejected.  The message will also be rejected if
       checkincludedtext is true in inn.conf, it contains more quoted text
       than original text, and it is over 40 lines long.

       If not provided, the Path header of an article is constructed as
       follows: The basic Path header will be "not-for-mail".  If pathhost is
       specified in inn.conf, it will be added to the beginning Path.
       Otherwise, if server is specified, the full domain of the local host
       will be added to the beginning of the Path.  Then, if -x was given, its
       value will be added to the beginning of the Path.

       If posting fails, a copy of the failed post will be saved in a file
       named dead.article in the home directory of the user running inews.
       inews exits with a non-zero status if posting failed or with a zero
       status if posting was successful.

       Most of the options to inews take a single value and set the
       corresponding header in the message that is posted.  If the value is
       more than one word or contains any shell metacharacters, it must be
       quoted to protect it from the shell.  Here are all the options that set
       header fields and the corresponding header:

           -a  Approved
           -c  Control
           -d  Distribution
           -e  Expires
           -F  References
           -f  From
           -n  Newsgroups
           -o  Organization
           -r  Reply-To
           -t  Subject
           -w  Followup-To
           -x  Path prefix

       The -x argument will be added to the beginning of the normal Path
       header; it will not replace it.

       -A, -V, -W
           Accepted for compatibility with C News.  These options have no

       -D, -N
           Perform the consistency checks and add headers where appropriate,
           but then print the article to standard output rather than sending
           it to the server.  -N is accepted as as synonym for compatibility
           with C News.

       -h  Normally, this flag should always be given.  It indicates that the
           article consists of headers, a blank line, and then the message
           body.  If it is omitted, the input is taken to be just the body of
           the message, and any desired headers have to be specified with
           command-line options as described above.

       -O  By default, an Organization header will be added if none is present
           in the article.  To prevent adding the default (from organization
           in inn.conf), use this flag.

       -p port
           Connect to the specified port on the server rather than to the
           default (port 119).

       -R  Reject all control messages.

       -S  Do not attempt to append ~/.signature to the message, even if it

       If the NNTP server requests authentication, inews will try to read
       passwd.nntp to get the username and password to use and will therefore
       need read access to that file.  This is typically done by making that
       file group-readable and adding all users who should be able to use
       inews to post to that server to the appropriate group.

       inews used to do even more than it does now, and all of the remaining
       checks that are not dependent on the user running inews should probably
       be removed in favor of letting the news server handle them.

       Since INN's inews uses inn.conf and some other corners of an INN
       installation, it's not very appropriate as a general stand-alone inews
       program for general use on a system that's not running a news server.
       Other, more suitable versions of inews are available as part of various
       Unix news clients or by themselves.

       Written by Rich $alz <> for InterNetNews.  Rewritten
       in POD by Russ Allbery <>.

       $Id: inews.pod 9767 2014-12-07 21:13:43Z iulius $

       inn.conf(5), passwd.nntp(5), rnews(1).

INN 2.6.4                         2015-09-20                          INEWS(1)

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