DB5.1_UPGRADE(1)            General Commands Manual           DB5.1_UPGRADE(1)

       db5.1_upgrade  - Upgrade the Berkeley DB version to the current release

       db5.1_upgrade [-NsVv] [-h home] [-P password] file ...

       The db5.1_upgrade utility upgrades the Berkeley DB version  of  one  or
       more  files  and the databases they contain to the current release ver-

       -h     Specify a  home  directory  for  the  database  environment;  by
              default, the current working directory is used.

       -N     Do not acquire shared region mutexes while running.  Other prob-
              lems, such as potentially fatal errors in Berkeley DB,  will  be
              ignored  as  well.   This  option is intended only for debugging
              errors, and should not be used under any other circumstances.

       -P     Specify an environment password.  Although Berkeley DB utilities
              overwrite  password  strings as soon as possible, be aware there
              may be a window of vulnerability on systems  where  unprivileged
              users  can see command-line arguments or where utilities are not
              able to overwrite the memory containing the  command-line  argu-

       -s     This  flag  is  only  meaningful  when  upgrading databases from
              releases before the Berkeley DB 3.1 release.

              As part of the upgrade from the Berkeley DB 3.0 release  to  the
              3.1 release, the on-disk format of duplicate data items changed.
              To correctly upgrade the format requires that applications spec-
              ify  whether  duplicate data items in the database are sorted or
              not. Specifying the  -s  flag  means  that  the  duplicates  are
              sorted; otherwise, they are assumed to be unsorted.  Incorrectly
              specifying the value of this flag may lead to  database  corrup-

              Because  the  db5.1_upgrade  utility  upgrades  a  physical file
              (including all the databases it contains), it is not possible to
              use  db5.1_upgrade  to upgrade files where some of the databases
              it includes have sorted duplicate data items, and  some  of  the
              databases it includes have unsorted duplicate data items. If the
              file does not have more than a single database, if the databases
              do  not  support  duplicate  data items, or if all the databases
              that support duplicate data items  support  the  same  style  of
              duplicates  (either sorted or unsorted), db5.1_upgrade will work
              correctly as long as the -s flag is correctly specified.  Other-
              wise,  the file cannot be upgraded using db5.1_upgrade, and must
              be upgraded manually using the db5.1_dump and db5.0_load  utili-

       -V     Write  the  library  version  number to the standard output, and

       -v     Run in verbose mode, displaying a message  for  each  successful

       It  is important to realize that Berkeley DB database upgrades are done
       in place, and so are potentially destructive. This means  that  if  the
       system  crashes  during the upgrade procedure, or if the upgrade proce-
       dure runs out of disk space, the databases may be left in an  inconsis-
       tent and unrecoverable state.

       The  db5.1_upgrade  utility  may be used with a Berkeley DB environment
       (as described for the -h option, the environment variable  DB_HOME,  or
       because  the  utility  was  run in a directory containing a Berkeley DB
       environment).  In order to avoid environment corruption  when  using  a
       Berkeley  DB  environment,  db5.1_upgrade  should  always  be given the
       chance to detach from the environment and exit  gracefully.   To  cause
       db5.1_upgrade  to  release  all environment resources and exit cleanly,
       send it an interrupt signal (SIGINT).

       The db5.1_upgrade utility exits 0  on  success,  and  >0  if  an  error

              If  the  -h option is not specified and the environment variable
              DB_HOME is set, it is used as the path of the database home,  as
              described in DB_ENV->open.

       Sleepycat Software, Inc. This manual page was created based on the HTML
       documentation  for  db_upgrade  from  Sleepycat,  by  Thijs   Kinkhorst
       <thijs@kinkhorst.com>,  for  the Debian system (but may be used by oth-

                                28 January 2005               DB5.1_UPGRADE(1)

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