DH_INSTALLINIT(1) Debhelper DH_INSTALLINIT(1)
dh_installinit - install service init files into package build
dh_installinit [debhelperoptions] [--name=name] [-n] [-R] [-r] [-d]
dh_installinit is a debhelper program that is responsible for
installing init scripts with associated defaults files. In
compatibility levels up to 11, dh_installinit also handled upstart job
files and systemd service files.
It also automatically generates the postinst and postrm and prerm
commands needed to set up the symlinks in /etc/rc*.d/ to start and stop
the init scripts.
In compat 10 or earlier: If a package only ships a systemd service file
and no sysvinit script is provided, you may want to exclude the call to
dh_installinit for that package (e.g. via -N). Otherwise, you may get
warnings from lintian about init.d scripts not being included in the
If this exists, it is installed into etc/init.d/package in the
package build directory.
If this exists, it is installed into etc/default/package in the
package build directory.
In compatibility level 11, this file will trigger an error with a
reminder about ensuring the proper removal of the upstart file in
the previous package version. Please consider using the
"rm_conffile" feature from dh_installdeb(1) to ensure the proper
removal of previous upstart files.
In compatibility level 10, if this file exists, it is installed
into etc/init/package.conf in the package build directory.
If this exists, it is installed into
lib/systemd/system/package.service in the package build directory.
Only used in compat levels 10 and below.
If this exists, it is installed into
usr/lib/tmpfiles.d/package.conf in the package build directory.
(The tmpfiles.d mechanism is currently only used by systemd.) Only
used in compat levels 10 and below.
Do not modify postinst/postrm/prerm scripts.
Only modify postinst/postrm/prerm scripts, do not actually install
any init script, default files, upstart job or systemd service
file. May be useful if the file is shipped and/or installed by
upstream in a way that doesn't make it easy to let dh_installinit
Caveat: This will bypass all the regular checks and unconditionally
modify the scripts. You will almost certainly want to use this
with -p to limit, which packages are affected by the call.
dh_installinit -pfoo --only-scripts
Do not stop the init script until after the package upgrade has
been completed. This is the default behaviour in compat 10.
In early compat levels, the default was to stop the script in the
prerm, and starts it again in the postinst.
This can be useful for daemons that should not have a possibly long
downtime during upgrade. But you should make sure that the daemon
will not get confused by the package being upgraded while it's
running before using this option.
Undo a previous --restart-after-upgrade (or the default of compat
10). If no other options are given, this will cause the service to
be stopped in the prerm script and started again in the postinst
-r, --no-stop-on-upgrade, --no-restart-on-upgrade
Do not stop init script on upgrade. This has the side-effect of
not restarting the service as a part of the upgrade.
If you want to restart the service with minimal downtime, please
use --restart-after-upgrade (default in compat 10 or later). If
you want the service to be restarted but be stopped during the
upgrade, then please use --no-restart-after-upgrade (note the
Note that the --no-restart-on-upgrade alias is deprecated and will
be removed in compat 12. This is to avoid confusion with the
--no-restart-after-upgrade option. The --no-stop-on-upgrade
variant was introduced in debhelper 10.2 (included in Debian
Do not start the init script on install or upgrade, or stop it on
removal. Only call update-rc.d. Useful for rcS scripts.
Disable the init script on purge, but do not enable them on
install. This implies a versioned dependency on init-system-
helpers (= 1.51)> as it is the first (functional) version that
supports <update-rc.d <script defaults-disabled>>.
Note that this option does not affect whether the services are
started. Please remember to also use --no-start if the service
should not be started.
Cannot be combined with -uparams, --update-rcd-params=params, or --
Remove trailing d from the name of the package, and use the result
for the filename the upstart job file is installed as in etc/init/
, and for the filename the init script is installed as in
etc/init.d and the default file is installed as in etc/default/.
This may be useful for daemons with names ending in d. (Note: this
takes precedence over the --init-script parameter described below.)
Pass params to update-rc.d(8). If not specified, defaults (or
defaults-disabled with --no-enable) will be passed to
Cannot be combined with --no-enable.
Install the init script (and default file) as well as upstart job
file using the filename name instead of the default filename, which
is the package name. When this parameter is used, dh_installinit
looks for and installs files named debian/package.name.init,
debian/package.name.default and debian/package.name.upstart instead
of the usual debian/package.init, debian/package.default and
Use scriptname as the filename the init script is installed as in
etc/init.d/ (and also use it as the filename for the defaults file,
if it is installed). If you use this parameter, dh_installinit will
look to see if a file in the debian/ directory exists that looks
like package.scriptname and if so will install it as the init
script in preference to the files it normally installs.
This parameter is deprecated, use the --name parameter instead.
This parameter is incompatible with the use of upstart jobs.
Call the named shell function if running the init script fails. The
function should be provided in the prerm and postinst scripts,
before the #DEBHELPER# token.
Note that this command is not idempotent. dh_prep(1) should be called
between invocations of this command. Otherwise, it may cause multiple
instances of the same text to be added to maintainer scripts.
This program is a part of debhelper.
Joey Hess <email@example.com>
Steve Langasek <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Michael Stapelberg <email@example.com>
11.1.2 2018-01-07 DH_INSTALLINIT(1)