dh_python3(1)



DH_PYTHON3(1)                                                    DH_PYTHON3(1)

NAME
       dh_python3 - calculates Python dependencies, adds maintainer scripts to
       byte compile files, etc.

SYNOPSIS
          dh_python3 -p PACKAGE [-V [X.Y][-][A.B]] DIR [-X REGEXPR]

DESCRIPTION
   QUICK GUIDE FOR MAINTAINERS
          o if  necessary,  describe   supported   Python   3   versions   via
            X-Python3-Version field in debian/control,

          o build depend on dh-python

          o build-depend on python3 or python3-all or python3-all-dev,

          o build module/application using its standard build system, remember
            to build extensions for all supported Python 3 versions (loop over
            py3versions -vr),

          o install  files to the standard locations, add --install-layout=deb
            to setup.py's install command if your package is using distutils,

          o add python3 to dh's --with option, or:

          o include       /usr/share/cdbs/1/class/python-distutils.mk       in
            debian/rules and depend on cdbs (>= 0.4.90), or:

          o call dh_python3 in the binary-* target,

          o add ${python3:Depends} to Depends

   NOTES
   dependencies
       dh_python3 tries to translate Python dependencies from the requires.txt
       file to Debian dependencies. In many  cases,  this  works  without  any
       additional  configuration because dh_python3 comes with a build-in map-
       ping of Python module names to Debian  packages  that  is  periodically
       regenerated  from  the Debian archive. By default, the version informa-
       tion in the Python dependencies is discarded. If you want dh_python3 to
       generate  more  strict dependencies (e.g. to avoid ABI problems), or if
       the automatic mapping does not work correctly  for  your  package,  you
       have to provide dh_python3 with additional rules for the translation of
       Python module to Debian package dependencies.

       For a package python3-foo that depends on a package python3-bar,  there
       are two files that may provide such rules:

       1. If  the python3-foo source package ships with a debian/py3dist-over-
          rides file, this file is used by  dh_python3  during  the  build  of
          python3-foo.

       2. If     the    python3-bar    source    package    ships    with    a
          debian/python3-bar.pydist file (and uses dh_python3), this file will
          be       included       in      the      binary      package      as
          /usr/share/dh-python/dist/cpython3/python3-bar. During the build  of
          python3-foo, dh_python3 will then find and use the file.

       Both     files     have     the     same     format     described    in
       /usr/share/doc/dh-python/README.PyDist. If all you want is to  generate
       versioned  dependencies (and assuming that the python3-bar package pro-
       vides the pybar Python module), in most cases it will be sufficient  to
       put the line pybar python3-bar; PEP386 into either of the above files.

   private dirs
       /usr/share/foo,       /usr/share/games/foo,       /usr/lib/foo      and
       /usr/lib/games/foo private directories are scanned for Python files  by
       default (where foo is binary package name). If your package is shipping
       Python files in some other directory, add another  dh_python3  call  in
       debian/rules with directory name as an argument - you can use different
       set of options in this call. If you need to change options (f.e. a list
       of supported Python 3 versions) for a private directory that is checked
       by default,  invoke  dh_python3  with  --skip-private  option  and  add
       another call with a path to this directory and new options.

   debug packages
       In   binary   packages   which  name  ends  with  -dbg,  all  files  in
       /usr/lib/python3/dist-packages/ directory that have extensions  differ-
       ent  than so or h are removed by default.  Use --no-dbg-cleaning option
       to disable this feature.

   pyinstall files
       Files listed in debian/pkg.pyinstall file will be installed  as  public
       modules  (i.e.  into  .../dist-packages/  directory)  for all requested
       Python versions.

       Syntax: path/to/file [VERSION_RANGE] [NAMESPACE]

       debian directory is automatically removed from the  path,  so  you  can
       place  your files in debian/ directory and install them from this loca-
       tion (if you want to install them in "debian" namespace, set  NAMESPACE
       to  debian). If NAMESPACE is set, all listed files will be installed in
       .../dist-packages/NAMESPACE/ directory.

       Examples:

              o foo.py installs  .../dist-packages/foo.py  for  all  supported
                Python versions

              o foo/bar.py 3.3- installs .../dist-packages/foo/bar.py for ver-
                sions >= 3.3

              o foo/bar.py spam installs .../dist-packages/spam/bar.py

              o debian/*.py  spam.egg  3.2  installs  .../python3.2/dist-pack-
                ages/spam/egg/*.py files

   pyremove files
       If you want to remove some public modules (i.e. files in .../dist-pack-
       ages/ directory) installed by build system (from all  supported  Python
       versions  or  only  from  a  subset  of  these  versions),  add them to
       debian/pkg.pyremove file.

       Examples:

              o *.pth removes .pth files from .../dist-packages/

              o bar/baz.py 3.2 removes .../python3.2/dist-packages/bar/baz.py

   overriding supported / default Python versions
       If you want to override system's list of supported Python  versions  or
       the  default  one  (f.e.  to build a package that includes symlinks for
       older version of Python or compile .py files only for given interpreter
       version),   you   can   do   that   via   DEBPYTHON3_SUPPORTED   and/or
       DEBPYTHON3_DEFAULT env. variables.

       Example: 3.2,3.3 limits the list of supported Python versions to Python
       3.2 and Python 3.3.

OPTIONS
       --version
              show program's version number and exit

       -h, --help
              show help message and exit

       --no-guessing-deps
              disable guessing dependencies

       --no-dbg-cleaning
              do not remove any files from debug packages

       --no-ext-rename
              do  not  add  magic  tags nor multiarch tuples to extension file
              names

       --no-shebang-rewrite
              do not rewrite shebangs

       --skip-private
              don't check private directories

       -v, --verbose
              turn verbose mode on

       -i, --indep
              act on architecture independent packages

       -a, --arch
              act on architecture dependent packages

       -q, --quiet
              be quiet

       -p PACKAGE, --package=PACKAGE
              act on the package named PACKAGE

       -N NO_PACKAGE, --no-package=NO_PACKAGE
              do not act on the specified package

       -V VRANGE
              specify list of supported Python 3 versions.  See  py3compile(1)
              for examples

       -X REGEXPR, --exclude=REGEXPR
              exclude  items that match given REGEXPR. You may use this option
              multiple times to build up a list of things to exclude.

       --compile-all
              compile all files from given private directory in postinst/rtup-
              date not just the ones provided by the package (i.e. do not pass
              the --package parameter to py3compile/py3clean)

       --accept-upstream-versions
              accept upstream versions while translating  Python  dependencies
              into Debian ones

       --depends=DEPENDS
              translate  given  requirements  into Debian dependencies and add
              them  to  ${python3:Depends}.  Use  it  for  missing  items   in
              requires.txt

       --depends-section=SECTION
              translate  requirements  from given sections of requres.txt file
              into Debian dependencies and add them to ${python3:Depends}.

       --recommends=RECOMMENDS
              translate given requirements into Debian  dependencies  and  add
              them to ${python3:Recommends}

       --recommends-section=SECTION
              translate  requirements  from given sections of requres.txt file
              into Debian dependencies and add them to ${python3:Recommends}.

       --suggests=SUGGESTS
              translate given requirements into Debian  dependencies  and  add
              them to ${python3:Suggests}

       --suggests-section=SECTION
              translate  requirements  from given sections of requres.txt file
              into Debian dependencies and add them to ${python3:Suggests}.

       --requires=FILENAME
              translate requirements from given file(s) into Debian  dependen-
              cies and add them to ${python3:Depends}

       --shebang=COMMAND
              use given command as shebang in scripts

       --ignore-shebangs
              do not translate shebangs into Debian dependencies

SEE ALSO
       o /usr/share/doc/python/python-policy.txt.gz

       o /usr/share/doc/dh-python/README.PyDist

       o pybuild(1)

       o py3compile(1), py3clean(1)

       o dh_python2(1), pycompile(1), pyclean(1)

       o http://deb.li/dhp3 - most recent version of this document

AUTHOR
       Piotr Oarowski, 2012-2013

                                                                 DH_PYTHON3(1)

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