dpkg-query(1)



dpkg-query(1)                     dpkg suite                     dpkg-query(1)

NAME
       dpkg-query - a tool to query the dpkg database

SYNOPSIS
       dpkg-query [option...] command

DESCRIPTION
       dpkg-query  is  a tool to show information about packages listed in the
       dpkg database.

COMMANDS
       -l, --list [package-name-pattern...]
              List packages matching given pattern. If no package-name-pattern
              is  given,  list all packages in /var/lib/dpkg/status, excluding
              the ones marked as not-installed (i.e.  those  which  have  been
              previously purged). Normal shell wildcard characters are allowed
              in package-name-pattern. Please note you will probably  have  to
              quote  package-name-pattern to prevent the shell from performing
              filename expansion. For example this will list all package names
              starting with "libc6":

                dpkg-query -l 'libc6*'

              The  first  three columns of the output show the desired action,
              the package status, and errors, in that order.

              Desired action:
                u = Unknown
                i = Install
                h = Hold
                r = Remove
                p = Purge

              Package status:
                n = Not-installed
                c = Config-files
                H = Half-installed
                U = Unpacked
                F = Half-configured
                W = Triggers-awaiting
                t = Triggers-pending
                i = Installed

              Error flags:
                <empty> = (none)
                R = Reinst-required

              An uppercase status or error letter  indicates  the  package  is
              likely  to  cause  severe  problems. Please refer to dpkg(1) for
              information about the above states and flags.

              The output format of this option is not configurable, but varies
              automatically  to  fit  the  terminal  width. It is intended for
              human readers,  and  is  not  easily  machine-readable.  See  -W
              (--show)  and  --showformat  for  a  way to configure the output
              format.

       -W, --show [package-name-pattern...]
              Just like the --list option this will list all packages matching
              the  given  pattern.  However the output can be customized using
              the --showformat option.  The default output  format  gives  one
              line  per  matching package, each line having the name (extended
              with the architecture qualifier for  Multi-Arch  same  packages)
              and installed version of the package, separated by a tab.

       -s, --status [package-name...]
              Report status of specified package. This just displays the entry
              in the installed package status database.  If no package-name is
              specified  it  will  display  all  package entries in the status
              database  (since  dpkg  1.19.1).   When  multiple   package-name
              entries  are  listed, the requested status entries are separated
              by an empty line, with  the  same  order  as  specified  on  the
              argument list.

       -L, --listfiles package-name...
              List  files  installed  to  your  system from package-name. When
              multiple package-name are listed, the requested lists  of  files
              are separated by an empty line, with the same order as specified
              on the argument list.   However,  note  that  files  created  by
              package-specific installation-scripts are not listed.

       --control-list package-name
              List  control  files  installed to your system from package-name
              (since dpkg 1.16.5).  These can be used as  input  arguments  to
              --control-show.

       --control-show package-name control-file
              Print  the  control-file  installed to your system from package-
              name to the standard output (since dpkg 1.16.5).

       -c, --control-path package-name [control-file]
              List paths for control  files  installed  to  your  system  from
              package-name  (since dpkg 1.15.4).  If control-file is specified
              then only list the path for that control file if it is present.

              Warning: this command is deprecated as it gives direct access to
              the  internal dpkg database, please switch to use --control-list
              and --control-show instead for all cases  where  those  commands
              might  give  the  same end result. Although, as long as there is
              still at least one case where this command is needed (i.e.  when
              having to remove a damaging postrm maintainer script), and while
              there is no good solution for that, this command  will  not  get
              removed.

       -S, --search filename-search-pattern...
              Search  for  packages  that own files corresponding to the given
              pattern.  Standard shell wildcard characters can be used in  the
              pattern,  where  asterisk (*) and question mark (?) will match a
              slash, and blackslash (\) will be used as an escape character.

              If the first character in the filename-search-pattern is none of
              '*[?/'  then it will be considered a substring match and will be
              implicitly surrounded by '*' (as in  *filename-search-pattern*).
              If  the  subsequent  string contains any of '*[?\', then it will
              handled like a glob pattern, otherwise any trailing '/' or  '/.'
              will be removed and a literal path lookup will be performed.

              This  command  will  not  list extra files created by maintainer
              scripts, nor will it list alternatives.

       -p, --print-avail [package-name...]
              Display    details    about    packages,     as     found     in
              /var/lib/dpkg/available.   If  no  package-name is specified, it
              will display all  package  entries  in  the  available  database
              (since dpkg 1.19.1).  When multiple package-name are listed, the
              requested available entries are separated by an empty line, with
              the same order as specified on the argument list.

              Users  of APT-based frontends should use apt-cache show package-
              name instead as the available file is only kept up-to-date  when
              using dselect.

       -?, --help
              Show the usage message and exit.

       --version
              Show the version and exit.

OPTIONS
       --admindir=dir
              Change  the  location of the dpkg database. The default location
              is /var/lib/dpkg.

       --load-avail
              Also load the available file when using the  --show  and  --list
              commands,  which  now  default  to only querying the status file
              (since dpkg 1.16.2).

       --no-pager
              Disables the use of any pager when  showing  information  (since
              dpkg 1.19.2).

       -f, --showformat=format
              This  option  is used to specify the format of the output --show
              will produce. The format is a string that  will  be  output  for
              each package listed.

              In the format string, "\" introduces escapes:

                  \n  newline
                  \r  carriage return
                  \t  tab

              "\" before any other character suppresses any special meaning of
              the following character, which is useful for "\" and "$".

              Package  information  can  be  included  by  inserting  variable
              references     to    package    fields    using    the    syntax
              "${field[;width]}". Fields are printed right-aligned unless  the
              width is negative in which case left alignment will be used. The
              following fields are recognized but  they  are  not  necessarily
              available  in  the  status  file (only internal fields or fields
              stored in the binary package end up in it):

                  Architecture
                  Bugs
                  Conffiles (internal)
                  Config-Version (internal)
                  Conflicts
                  Breaks
                  Depends
                  Description
                  Enhances
                  Essential
                  Filename (internal, front-end related)
                  Homepage
                  Installed-Size
                  MD5sum (internal, front-end related)
                  MSDOS-Filename (internal, front-end related)
                  Maintainer
                  Origin
                  Package
                  Pre-Depends
                  Priority
                  Provides
                  Recommends
                  Replaces
                  Revision (obsolete)
                  Section
                  Size (internal, front-end related)
                  Source
                  Status (internal)
                  Suggests
                  Tag (usually not in .deb but in repository Packages files)
                  Triggers-Awaited (internal)
                  Triggers-Pending (internal)
                  Version

              The following are virtual fields, generated by  dpkg-query  from
              values from other fields (note that these do not use valid names
              for fields in control files):

              binary:Package
                     It contains the  binary  package  name  with  a  possible
                     architecture  qualifier  like  "libc6:amd64"  (since dpkg
                     1.16.2).  An architecture qualifier will  be  present  to
                     make  the  package  name  unambiguous, for example if the
                     package has a Multi-Arch field with a value  of  same  or
                     the package is of a foreign architecture.

              binary:Synopsis
                     It  contains  the  package  short description (since dpkg
                     1.19.1).

              binary:Summary
                     This is an alias for binary:Synopsis (since dpkg 1.16.2).

              db:Status-Abbrev
                     It contains the  abbreviated  package  status  (as  three
                     characters),  such as "ii " or "iHR" (since dpkg 1.16.2).
                     See the --list command description for more details.

              db:Status-Want
                     It contains the package wanted status, part of the Status
                     field (since dpkg 1.17.11).

              db:Status-Status
                     It  contains  the package status word, part of the Status
                     field (since dpkg 1.17.11).

              db:Status-Eflag
                     It contains the package status error flag,  part  of  the
                     Status field (since dpkg 1.17.11).

              source:Package
                     It  contains  the  source  package  name  for this binary
                     package (since dpkg 1.16.2).

              source:Version
                     It contains the source package version  for  this  binary
                     package (since dpkg 1.16.2)

              source:Upstream-Version
                     It  contains the source package upstream version for this
                     binary package (since dpkg 1.18.16)

              The default format string is  "${binary:Package}\t${Version}\n".
              Actually,  all  other fields found in the status file (i.e. user
              defined fields) can be requested, too. They will be printed  as-
              is, though, no conversion nor error checking is done on them. To
              get the name of the dpkg maintainer and the  installed  version,
              you could run:

                dpkg-query -W -f='${binary:Package} ${Version}\t${Maintainer}\n' dpkg

EXIT STATUS
       0      The requested query was successfully performed.

       1      The  requested query failed either fully or partially, due to no
              file  or  package  being  found  (except   for   --control-path,
              --control-list and --control-show were such errors are fatal).

       2      Fatal  or unrecoverable error due to invalid command-line usage,
              or interactions  with  the  system,  such  as  accesses  to  the
              database, memory allocations, etc.

ENVIRONMENT
   External environment
       SHELL  Sets  the program to execute when spawning a command via a shell
              (since dpkg 1.19.2).

       PAGER
       DPKG_PAGER
              Sets the pager command to use (since dpkg 1.19.1), which will be
              executed  with  <<$SHELL -c>>.  If SHELL is not set, <<sh>> will
              be used instead.  The DPKG_PAGER overrides the PAGER environment
              variable (since dpkg 1.19.2).

       DPKG_ADMINDIR
              If set and the --admindir option has not been specified, it will
              be used as the dpkg data directory.

       DPKG_COLORS
              Sets the color mode (since dpkg 1.18.5).  The currently accepted
              values are: auto (default), always and never.

   Internal environment
       LESS   Defined  by  dpkg-query  to  "-FRSXMQ", if not already set, when
              spawning a pager (since dpkg 1.19.2).   To  change  the  default
              behavior,  this  variable  can  be  preset  to  some other value
              including an empty string, or the PAGER or DPKG_PAGER  variables
              can  be set to disable specific options with <<-+>>, for example
              DPKG_PAGER="less -+F".

SEE ALSO
       dpkg(1).

1.19.2                            2018-10-08                     dpkg-query(1)

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