ECHO(1) User Commands ECHO(1)
echo - display a line of text
echo [SHORT-OPTION]... [STRING]...
Echo the STRING(s) to standard output.
-n do not output the trailing newline
-e enable interpretation of backslash escapes
-E disable interpretation of backslash escapes (default)
--help display this help and exit
output version information and exit
If -e is in effect, the following sequences are recognized:
\a alert (BEL)
\c produce no further output
\f form feed
\n new line
\r carriage return
\t horizontal tab
\v vertical tab
\0NNN byte with octal value NNN (1 to 3 digits)
\xHH byte with hexadecimal value HH (1 to 2 digits)
NOTE: your shell may have its own version of echo, which usually super-
sedes the version described here. Please refer to your shell's docu-
mentation for details about the options it supports.
Written by Brian Fox and Chet Ramey.
GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
Report echo translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/>
Copyright (C) 2018 Free Software Foundation, Inc. License GPLv3+: GNU
GPL version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
Full documentation at: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/echo>
or available locally via: info '(coreutils) echo invocation'
GNU coreutils 8.30 August 2018 ECHO(1)