ED(1) User Commands ED(1)
ed - line-oriented text editor
ed [options] [file]
GNU ed is a line-oriented text editor. It is used to create, display,
modify and otherwise manipulate text files, both interactively and via
shell scripts. A restricted version of ed, red, can only edit files in
the current directory and cannot execute shell commands. Ed is the
'standard' text editor in the sense that it is the original editor for
Unix, and thus widely available. For most purposes, however, it is su-
perseded by full-screen editors such as GNU Emacs or GNU Moe.
display this help and exit
output version information and exit
run in compatibility mode
exit with 0 status even if a command fails
use STRING as an interactive prompt
run in restricted mode
-s, --quiet, --silent
suppress diagnostics, byte counts and '!' prompt
be verbose; equivalent to the 'H' command
Start edit by reading in 'file' if given. If 'file' begins with a '!',
read output of shell command.
Exit status: 0 for a normal exit, 1 for environmental problems (file
not found, invalid flags, I/O errors, etc), 2 to indicate a corrupt or
invalid input file, 3 for an internal consistency error (eg, bug) which
caused ed to panic.
Report bugs to email@example.com
Ed home page: http://www.gnu.org/software/ed/ed.html
General help using GNU software: http://www.gnu.org/gethelp
Copyright (C) 1994 Andrew L. Moore.
Copyright (C) 2020 Antonio Diaz Diaz. License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version
3 or later <http://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.
There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law.
The full documentation for ed is maintained as a Texinfo manual. If
the info and ed programs are properly installed at your site, the com-
should give you access to the complete manual.
ed 1.16 February 2020 ED(1)