eject(1)



EJECT(1)                         User Commands                        EJECT(1)

NAME
       eject - eject removable media

SYNOPSIS
       eject -h
       eject [-vnrsfmqp] [<name>]
       eject [-vn] -d
       eject [-vn] -a on|off|1|0 [<name>]
       eject [-vn] -c slot [<name>]
       eject [-vn] -i on|off|1|0 [<name>]
       eject [-vn] -t [<name>]
       eject [-vn] -T [<name>]
       eject [-vn] -x <speed> [<name>]
       eject [-vn] -X [<name>]
       eject -V

DESCRIPTION
       Eject allows removable media (typically a CD-ROM, floppy disk, tape, or
       JAZ or ZIP disk) to be ejected under software control. The command  can
       also  control  some  multi-disc CD-ROM changers, the auto-eject feature
       supported by some devices, and close  the  disc  tray  of  some  CD-ROM
       drives.

       The device corresponding to <name> is ejected. The name can be a device
       file or mount point, either a full path or  with  the  leading  "/dev",
       "/media"  or  "/mnt" omitted. If no name is specified, the default name
       "cdrom" is used.

       There are four different methods of ejecting, depending on whether  the
       device  is a CD-ROM, SCSI device, removable floppy, or tape. By default
       eject tries all four methods in order until it succeeds.

       If the device is currently mounted, it is unmounted before ejecting.

COMMAND-LINE OPTIONS
       -h   This option causes eject to display a  brief  description  of  the
            command options.

       -v   This  makes  eject  run  in verbose mode; more information is dis-
            played about what the command is doing.

       -d   If invoked with this option, eject lists the default device name.

       -a on|1|off|0
            This option  controls  the  auto-eject  mode,  supported  by  some
            devices.   When  enabled,  the drive automatically ejects when the
            device is closed.

       -c <slot>
            With this option a CD slot can be selected from an  ATAPI/IDE  CD-
            ROM  changer. Linux 2.0 or higher is required to use this feature.
            The CD-ROM drive can not be in use (mounted data CD or  playing  a
            music  CD) for a change request to work. Please also note that the
            first slot of the changer is referred to as 0, not 1.

       -i on|1|off|0
            This option controls locking of the hardware  eject  button.  When
            enabled, the drive will not be ejected when the button is pressed.
            This is useful when you are carrying a laptop in a bag or case and
            don't want it to eject if the button is inadvertently pressed.

       -t   With  this  option the drive is given a CD-ROM tray close command.
            Not all devices support this command.

       -T   With this option the drive is given a CD-ROM tray close command if
            it's  opened,  and a CD-ROM tray eject command if it's closed. Not
            all devices support this command, because it uses the above CD-ROM
            tray close command.

       -x <speed>
            With this option the drive is given a CD-ROM select speed command.
            The speed argument is a number indicating the desired speed  (e.g.
            8  for 8X speed), or 0 for maximum data rate. Not all devices sup-
            port this command and you can only specify speeds that  the  drive
            is  capable  of.  Every  time  the media is changed this option is
            cleared. This option can be used alone, or  with  the  -t  and  -c
            options.

       -X   With  this  option  the  CD-ROM drive will be probed to detect the
            available speeds. The output is a list of speeds which can be used
            as an argument of the -x option. This only works with Linux 2.6.13
            or higher, on previous versions solely the maximum speed  will  be
            reported.  Also  note that some drive may not correctly report the
            speed and therefore this option does not work with them.

       -n   With this option the selected device is displayed but no action is
            performed.

       -r   This  option  specifies  that  the drive should be ejected using a
            CDROM eject command.

       -s   This option specifies that the drive should be ejected using  SCSI
            commands.

       -f   This  option  specifies  that  the drive should be ejected using a
            removable floppy disk eject command.

       -q   This option specifies that the drive should  be  ejected  using  a
            tape drive offline command.

       -p   This  option  allow  you to use /proc/mounts instead /etc/mtab. It
            also passes the -n option to umount(1).

       -m   This option allows eject to work with device drivers  which  auto-
            matically  mount  removable  media  and  therefore  must be always
            mount(1)ed.  The option tells eject to  not  try  to  unmount  the
            given  device,  even  if  it  is mounted according to /etc/mtab or
            /proc/mounts.

       -V   This option causes eject to display the program version and exit.

LONG OPTIONS
       All options have corresponding long names, as listed  below.  The  long
       names can be abbreviated as long as they are unique.

       -h --help
       -v --verbose
       -d --default
       -a --auto
       -c --changerslot
       -t --trayclose
       -T --traytoggle
       -x --cdspeed
       -X --listspeed
       -n --noop
       -r --cdrom
       -s --scsi
       -f --floppy
       -q --tape
       -V --version
       -p --proc
       -m --no-unmount

EXAMPLES
       Eject the default device:

              eject

       Eject a device or mount point named cdrom:

              eject cdrom

       Eject using device name:

              eject /dev/cdrom

       Eject using mount point:

              eject /mnt/cdrom/

       Eject 4th IDE device:

              eject hdd

       Eject first SCSI device:

              eject sda

       Eject using SCSI partition name (e.g. a ZIP drive):

              eject sda4

       Select 5th disc on multi-disc changer:

              eject -v -c4 /dev/cdrom

       Turn on auto-eject on a SoundBlaster CD-ROM drive:

              eject -a on /dev/sbpcd

EXIT STATUS
       Returns 0 if operation was successful, 1 if operation failed or command
       syntax was not valid.

NOTES
       Eject only works with devices that support one  or  more  of  the  four
       methods  of  ejecting. This includes most CD-ROM drives (IDE, SCSI, and
       proprietary), some SCSI tape drives, JAZ drives, ZIP  drives  (parallel
       port, SCSI, and IDE versions), and LS120 removable floppies. Users have
       also reported success with floppy drives on Sun SPARC and Apple  Macin-
       tosh systems. If eject does not work, it is most likely a limitation of
       the kernel driver for the device and not the eject program itself.

       The -r, -s, -f, and -q options allow controlling which methods are used
       to  eject.  More  than  one  method  can be specified. If none of these
       options are specified, it tries all  four  (this  works  fine  in  most
       cases).

       Eject  may  not  always  be  able to determine if the device is mounted
       (e.g. if it has several names). If the device name is a symbolic  link,
       eject will follow the link and use the device that it points to.

       If  eject  determines  that the device can have multiple partitions, it
       will attempt to unmount all mounted partitions  of  the  device  before
       ejecting.  If  an  unmount fails, the program will not attempt to eject
       the media.

       You can eject an audio CD. Some CD-ROM drives will refuse to  open  the
       tray  if the drive is empty. Some devices do not support the tray close
       command.

       If the auto-eject feature is enabled, then the  drive  will  always  be
       ejected after running this command. Not all Linux kernel CD-ROM drivers
       support the auto-eject mode. There is no way to find out the  state  of
       the auto-eject mode.

       You  need appropriate privileges to access the device files. Running as
       root or setuid root is  required  to  eject  some  devices  (e.g.  SCSI
       devices).

       The  heuristic  used  to find a device, given a name, is as follows. If
       the name ends in a trailing slash, it is removed (this  is  to  support
       filenames  generated  using  shell  file  name completion). If the name
       starts with '.' or '/', it tries to open it as a device file  or  mount
       point.  If that fails, it tries prepending '/dev/', '/media/' ,'/mnt/',
       '/dev/cdroms', '/dev/rdsk/', '/dev/dsk/', and finally './' to the name,
       until  a  device  file  or mount point is found that can be opened. The
       program checks /etc/mtab for mounted devices. If that  fails,  it  also
       checks /etc/fstab for mount points of currently unmounted devices.

       Creating  symbolic  links such as /dev/cdrom or /dev/zip is recommended
       so that eject can determine the appropriate devices using easily remem-
       bered names.

       To  save typing you can create a shell alias for the eject options that
       work for your particular setup.

AUTHOR
       Eject was written by Jeff Tranter (tranter@pobox.com) and  is  released
       under  the  conditions  of the GNU General Public License. See the file
       COPYING and notes in the source code for details.

       The    -x    option    was     added     by     Nobuyuki     Tsuchimura
       (tutimura@nn.iij4u.or.jp),   with   thanks  to  Roland  Krivanek  (kri-
       vanek@fmph.uniba.sk) and his cdrom_speed command.

       The -T option was added by Sybren Stuvel (sybren@thirdtower.com),  with
       big thanks to Benjamin Schwenk (benjaminschwenk@yahoo.de).

       The -X option was added by Eric Piel (Eric.Piel@tremplin-utc.net).

SEE ALSO
       mount(2), umount(2), mount(8), umount(8)
       /usr/src/linux/Documentation/cdrom/

Linux                             12 May 2005                         EJECT(1)

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