FALLOCATE(1)                     User Commands                    FALLOCATE(1)

       fallocate - preallocate or deallocate space to a file

       fallocate [-c|-p|-z] [-o offset] -l length [-n] filename

       fallocate -d [-o offset] [-l length] filename

       fallocate -x [-o offset] -l length filename

       fallocate  is  used  to manipulate the allocated disk space for a file,
       either to deallocate or preallocate it.  For filesystems which  support
       the  fallocate system call, preallocation is done quickly by allocating
       blocks and marking them as uninitialized, requiring no IO to  the  data
       blocks.   This  is  much faster than creating a file by filling it with

       The exit code returned by fallocate is 0 on success and 1 on failure.

       The length and offset arguments may be followed by  the  multiplicative
       suffixes  KiB  (=1024),  MiB (=1024*1024), and so on for GiB, TiB, PiB,
       EiB, ZiB and YiB (the "iB" is optional, e.g., "K" has the same  meaning
       as  "KiB")  or  the suffixes KB (=1000), MB (=1000*1000), and so on for
       GB, TB, PB, EB, ZB and YB.

       The   options   --collapse-range,   --dig-holes,    --punch-hole    and
       --zero-range are mutually exclusive.

       -c, --collapse-range
              Removes  a  byte range from a file, without leaving a hole.  The
              byte range to be collapsed starts at offset  and  continues  for
              length  bytes.  At the completion of the operation, the contents
              of the file starting  at  the  location  offset+length  will  be
              appended  at  the  location  offset, and the file will be length
              bytes smaller.  The option --keep-size may not be specified  for
              the collapse-range operation.

              Available  since  Linux  3.15  for  ext4  (only for extent-based
              files) and XFS.

              A filesystem may place limitations on  the  granularity  of  the
              operation,  in  order to ensure efficient implementation.  Typi-
              cally, offset and len must be a multiple of the filesystem logi-
              cal  block  size,  which varies according to the filesystem type
              and configuration.  If a filesystem has such a requirement,  the
              operation will fail with the error EINVAL if this requirement is

       -d, --dig-holes
              Detect and dig holes.  This  makes  the  file  sparse  in-place,
              without  using  extra  disk space.  The minimum size of the hole
              depends on filesystem  I/O  block  size  (usually  4096  bytes).
              Also,  when  using  this  option, --keep-size is implied.  If no
              range is specified by --offset and  --length,  then  the  entire
              file is analyzed for holes.

              You  can  think of this option as doing a "cp --sparse" and then
              renaming the destination file to the original, without the  need
              for extra disk space.

              See --punch-hole for a list of supported filesystems.

       -i, --insert-range
              Insert  a  hole  of  length bytes from offset, shifting existing

       -l, --length length
              Specifies the length of the range, in bytes.

       -n, --keep-size
              Do not modify the apparent length of the file.  This may  effec-
              tively  allocate  blocks  past  EOF, which can be removed with a

       -o, --offset offset
              Specifies the beginning offset of the range, in bytes.

       -p, --punch-hole
              Deallocates space (i.e., creates  a  hole)  in  the  byte  range
              starting  at offset and continuing for length bytes.  Within the
              specified range, partial filesystem blocks are zeroed, and whole
              filesystem blocks are removed from the file.  After a successful
              call, subsequent reads from this range will return zeroes.  This
              option   may   not  be  specified  at  the  same  time  as   the
              --zero-range option.  Also, when using this option,  --keep-size
              is implied.

              Supported  for XFS (since Linux 2.6.38), ext4 (since Linux 3.0),
              Btrfs (since Linux 3.7) and tmpfs (since Linux 3.5).

       -v, --verbose
              Enable verbose mode.

       -x, --posix
              Enable POSIX operation mode. In that mode  allocation  operation
              always  completes, but it may take longer time when fast alloca-
              tion is not supported by the underlying filesystem.

       -z, --zero-range
              Zeroes space in the byte range starting at offset and continuing
              for length bytes.  Within the specified range, blocks are preal-
              located for the regions that span the holes in the file.   After
              a  successful call, subsequent reads from this range will return

              Zeroing is done within the filesystem preferably  by  converting
              the  range into unwritten extents.  This approach means that the
              specified range will not be physically zeroed out on the  device
              (except  for partial blocks at the either end of the range), and
              I/O is (otherwise) required only to update metadata.

              Option --keep-size can be specified to prevent file length modi-

              Available  since  Linux  3.14  for  ext4  (only for extent-based
              files) and XFS.

       -V, --version
              Display version information and exit.

       -h, --help
              Display help text and exit.

       Eric Sandeen <sandeen@redhat.com>
       Karel Zak <kzak@redhat.com>

       truncate(1), fallocate(2), posix_fallocate(3)

       The fallocate command is part of the util-linux package and  is  avail-
       able  from Linux Kernel Archive <https://www.kernel.org/pub/linux/utils

util-linux                        April 2014                      FALLOCATE(1)

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