getfacl(1)



GETFACL(1)                   Access Control Lists                   GETFACL(1)

NAME
       getfacl - get file access control lists

SYNOPSIS
       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] file ...

       getfacl [-aceEsRLPtpndvh] -

DESCRIPTION
       For  each  file,  getfacl displays the file name, owner, the group, and
       the Access Control List (ACL). If a directory has a default  ACL,  get-
       facl also displays the default ACL. Non-directories cannot have default
       ACLs.

       If getfacl is used on a file system that does not support ACLs, getfacl
       displays  the  access  permissions defined by the traditional file mode
       permission bits.

       The output format of getfacl is as follows:
               1:  # file: somedir/
               2:  # owner: lisa
               3:  # group: staff
               4:  # flags: -s-
               5:  user::rwx
               6:  user:joe:rwx               #effective:r-x
               7:  group::rwx                 #effective:r-x
               8:  group:cool:r-x
               9:  mask::r-x
              10:  other::r-x
              11:  default:user::rwx
              12:  default:user:joe:rwx       #effective:r-x
              13:  default:group::r-x
              14:  default:mask::r-x
              15:  default:other::---

       Lines 1--3 indicate the file name, owner, and owning group.

       Line 4 indicates the setuid (s),  setgid  (s),  and  sticky  (t)  bits:
       either  the  letter representing the bit, or else a dash (-). This line
       is included if any of those bits is set and left out otherwise,  so  it
       will  not  be  shown  for most files. (See CONFORMANCE TO POSIX 1003.1e
       DRAFT STANDARD 17 below.)

       Lines 5, 7 and 10 correspond to the user, group and other fields of the
       file mode permission bits. These three are called the base ACL entries.
       Lines 6 and 8 are named user and named group entries.  Line  9  is  the
       effective  rights  mask. This entry limits the effective rights granted
       to all groups and to named users. (The file owner  and  others  permis-
       sions  are not affected by the effective rights mask; all other entries
       are.)  Lines 11--15 display the default ACL associated with this direc-
       tory.  Directories  may  have a default ACL. Regular files never have a
       default ACL.

       The default behavior for getfacl is to display both  the  ACL  and  the
       default ACL, and to include an effective rights comment for lines where
       the rights of the entry differ from the effective rights.

       If output is to a terminal, the effective rights comment is aligned  to
       column  40.  Otherwise,  a single tab character separates the ACL entry
       and the effective rights comment.

       The ACL listings of multiple files are separated by blank  lines.   The
       output of getfacl can also be used as input to setfacl.

   PERMISSIONS
       Process  with search access to a file (i.e., processes with read access
       to the containing directory of a file) are also granted read access  to
       the  file's  ACLs.   This  is analogous to the permissions required for
       accessing the file mode.

OPTIONS
       -a, --access
           Display the file access control list.

       -d, --default
           Display the default access control list.

       -c, --omit-header
           Do not display the comment header (the first three  lines  of  each
           file's output).

       -e, --all-effective
           Print  all  effective  rights  comments,  even  if identical to the
           rights defined by the ACL entry.

       -E, --no-effective
           Do not print effective rights comments.

       -s, --skip-base
           Skip files that only have the base ACL entries (owner, group,  oth-
           ers).

       -R, --recursive
           List the ACLs of all files and directories recursively.

       -L, --logical
           Logical  walk,  follow  symbolic  links to directories. The default
           behavior is to follow symbolic link arguments,  and  skip  symbolic
           links encountered in subdirectories.  Only effective in combination
           with -R.

       -P, --physical
           Physical walk, do not follow symbolic links  to  directories.  This
           also  skips symbolic link arguments.  Only effective in combination
           with -R.

       -t, --tabular
           Use an alternative tabular output format. The ACL and  the  default
           ACL  are  displayed  side by side. Permissions that are ineffective
           due to the ACL mask entry are displayed capitalized. The entry  tag
           names  for the ACL_USER_OBJ and ACL_GROUP_OBJ entries are also dis-
           played in capital letters, which helps in spotting those entries.

       -p, --absolute-names
           Do not strip leading slash characters (`/'). The  default  behavior
           is to strip leading slash characters.

       -n, --numeric
           List numeric user and group IDs

       -v, --version
           Print the version of getfacl and exit.

       -h, --help
           Print help explaining the command line options.

       --  End  of  command  line options. All remaining parameters are inter-
           preted as file names, even if they start with a dash character.

       -   If the file name parameter is  a  single  dash  character,  getfacl
           reads a list of files from standard input.

CONFORMANCE TO POSIX 1003.1e DRAFT STANDARD 17
       If  the  environment  variable  POSIXLY_CORRECT is defined, the default
       behavior of getfacl changes in the  following  ways:  Unless  otherwise
       specified,  only the ACL is printed. The default ACL is only printed if
       the -d option is given. If no command line parameter is given,  getfacl
       behaves as if it was invoked as ``getfacl -''.  No flags comments indi-
       cating the setuid, setgit, and sticky bits are generated.

AUTHOR
       Andreas Gruenbacher, <a.gruenbacher@bestbits.at>.

       Please send your bug reports and comments to the above address.

SEE ALSO
       setfacl(1), acl(5)

May 2000                      ACL File Utilities                    GETFACL(1)

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