LZ4(1) User Commands LZ4(1)
lz4 - lz4, unlz4, lz4cat - Compress or decompress .lz4 files
lz4 [OPTIONS] [-|INPUT-FILE] OUTPUT-FILE
unlz4 is equivalent to lz4 -d
lz4cat is equivalent to lz4 -dcfm
When writing scripts that need to decompress files, it is recommended
to always use the name lz4 with appropriate arguments (lz4 -d or lz4
-dc) instead of the names unlz4 and lz4cat.
lz4 is an extremely fast lossless compression algorithm, based on
byte-aligned LZ77 family of compression scheme. lz4 offers compression
speeds of 400 MB/s per core, linearly scalable with multi-core CPUs. It
features an extremely fast decoder, with speed in multiple GB/s per
core, typically reaching RAM speed limit on multi-core systems. The na-
tive file format is the .lz4 format.
Difference between lz4 and gzip
lz4 supports a command line syntax similar but not identical to
gzip(1). Differences are :
o lz4 preserves original files
o lz4 compresses a single file by default (see -m for multiple files)
o lz4 file1 file2 means : compress file1 into file2
o lz4 file.lz4 will default to decompression (use -z to force com-
o lz4 shows real-time notification statistics during compression or
decompression of a single file (use -q to silence them)
o If no destination name is provided, result is sent to stdout except
if stdout is the console.
o If no destination name is provided, and if stdout is the console,
file is compressed into file.lz4.
o As a consequence of previous rules, note the following example :
lz4 file | consumer sends compressed data to consumer through std-
out, hence it does not create file.lz4.
o Another consequence of those rules is that to run lz4 under nohup,
you should provide a destination file: nohup lz4 file file.lz4, be-
cause nohup writes the specified command's output to a file.
Default behaviors can be modified by opt-in commands, detailed below.
o lz4 -m makes it possible to provide multiple input filenames, which
will be compressed into files using suffix .lz4. Progress notifica-
tions are also disabled by default (use -v to enable them). This
mode has a behavior which more closely mimics gzip command line,
with the main remaining difference being that source files are pre-
served by default.
o Similarly, lz4 -m -d can decompress multiple *.lz4 files.
o It's possible to opt-in to erase source files on successful com-
pression or decompression, using --rm command.
o Consequently, lz4 -m --rm behaves the same as gzip.
Concatenation of .lz4 files
It is possible to concatenate .lz4 files as is. lz4 will decompress
such files as if they were a single .lz4 file. For example:
lz4 file1 > foo.lz4
lz4 file2 >> foo.lz4
Then lz4cat foo.lz4 is equivalent to cat file1 file2.
Short commands concatenation
In some cases, some options can be expressed using short command -x or
long command --long-word. Short commands can be concatenated together.
For example, -d -c is equivalent to -dc. Long commands cannot be con-
catenated. They must be clearly separated by a space.
When multiple contradictory commands are issued on a same command line,
only the latest one will be applied.
Compress. This is the default operation mode when no operation
mode option is specified, no other operation mode is implied
from the command name (for example, unlz4 implies --decompress),
nor from the input file name (for example, a file extension .lz4
implies --decompress by default). -z can also be used to force
compression of an already compressed .lz4 file.
-d --decompress --uncompress
Decompress. --decompress is also the default operation when the
input filename has an .lz4 extension.
Test the integrity of compressed .lz4 files. The decompressed
data is discarded. No files are created nor removed.
-b# Benchmark mode, using # compression level.
-# Compression level, with # being any value from 1 to 12. Higher
values trade compression speed for compression ratio. Values
above 12 are considered the same as 12. Recommended values are 1
for fast compression (default), and 9 for high compression.
Speed/compression trade-off will vary depending on data to com-
press. Decompression speed remains fast at all settings.
Compress, decompress or benchmark using dictionary dictionary-
Name. Compression and decompression must use the same dictionary
to be compatible. Using a different dictionary during decompres-
sion will either abort due to decompression error, or generate a
This option has several effects:
If the target file already exists, overwrite it without prompt-
When used with --decompress and lz4 cannot recognize the type of
the source file, copy the source file as is to standard output.
This allows lz4cat --force to be used like cat (1) for files
that have not been compressed with lz4.
-c --stdout --to-stdout
Force write to standard output, even if it is the console.
Multiple input files. Compressed file names will be appended a
.lz4 suffix. This mode also reduces notification level. lz4 -m
has a behavior equivalent to gzip -k (it preserves source files
-r operate recursively on directories. This mode also sets -m (mul-
tiple input files).
-B# Block size [4-7](default : 7)
-B4= 64KB ; -B5= 256KB ; -B6= 1MB ; -B7= 4MB
-BD Block Dependency (improves compression ratio on small blocks)
switch to ultra-fast compression levels. If =# is not present,
it defaults to 1. The higher the value, the faster the compres-
sion speed, at the cost of some compression ratio. This setting
overwrites compression level if one was set previously. Simi-
larly, if a compression level is set after --fast, it overrides
Select frame checksum (default:enabled)
Header includes original size (default:not present)
Note : this option can only be activated when the original size
can be determined, hence for a file. It won't work with unknown
source size, such as stdin or pipe.
Sparse mode support (default:enabled on file, disabled on std-
-l Use Legacy format (typically for Linux Kernel compression)
Note : -l is not compatible with -m (--multiple) nor -r
Suppress warnings and real-time statistics; specify twice to
suppress errors too
-h -H --help
Display help/long help and exit
Display Version number and exit
Preserve source files (default behavior)
--rm Delete source files on successful compression or decompression
-- Treat all subsequent arguments as files
-b# Benchmark file(s), using # compression level
-e# Benchmark multiple compression levels, from b# to e# (included)
-i# Minimum evaluation time in seconds [1-9] (default : 3)
Report bugs at: https://github.com/lz4/lz4/issues
lz4 1.8.3 September 2018 LZ4(1)