mdig(1)



MDIG(1)                              BIND9                             MDIG(1)

NAME
       mdig - DNS pipelined lookup utility

SYNOPSIS
       mdig {@server} [-f filename] [-h] [-v] [[-4] | [-6]] [-m] [-b address]
            [-p port#] [-c class] [-t type] [-i] [-x addr] [plusopt...]

       mdig {-h}

       mdig [@server] {global-opt...} {{local-opt...} {query}...}

DESCRIPTION
       mdig is a multiple/pipelined query version of dig: instead of waiting
       for a response after sending each query, it begins by sending all
       queries. Responses are displayed in the order in which they are
       received, not in the order the corresponding queries were sent.

       mdig options are a subset of the dig options, and are divided into
       "anywhere options" which can occur anywhere, "global options" which
       must occur before the query name (or they are ignored with a warning),
       and "local options" which apply to the next query on the command line.

       The {@server} option is a mandatory global option. It is the name or IP
       address of the name server to query. (Unlike dig, this value is not
       retrieved from /etc/resolv.conf.) It can be an IPv4 address in
       dotted-decimal notation, an IPv6 address in colon-delimited notation,
       or a hostname. When the supplied server argument is a hostname, mdig
       resolves that name before querying the name server.

       mdig provides a number of query options which affect the way in which
       lookups are made and the results displayed. Some of these set or reset
       flag bits in the query header, some determine which sections of the
       answer get printed, and others determine the timeout and retry
       strategies.

       Each query option is identified by a keyword preceded by a plus sign
       (+). Some keywords set or reset an option. These may be preceded by the
       string no to negate the meaning of that keyword. Other keywords assign
       values to options like the timeout interval. They have the form
       +keyword=value.

ANYWHERE OPTIONS
       The -f option makes mdig operate in batch mode by reading a list of
       lookup requests to process from the file filename. The file contains a
       number of queries, one per line. Each entry in the file should be
       organized in the same way they would be presented as queries to mdig
       using the command-line interface.

       The -h causes mdig to print the detailed help with the full list of
       options and exit.

       The -v causes mdig to print the version number and exit.

GLOBAL OPTIONS
       The -4 option forces mdig to only use IPv4 query transport.

       The -6 option forces mdig to only use IPv6 query transport.

       The -b option sets the source IP address of the query to address. This
       must be a valid address on one of the host's network interfaces or
       "0.0.0.0" or "::". An optional port may be specified by appending
       "#<port>"

       The -m option enables memory usage debugging.

       The -p option is used when a non-standard port number is to be queried.
       port# is the port number that mdig will send its queries instead of the
       standard DNS port number 53. This option would be used to test a name
       server that has been configured to listen for queries on a non-standard
       port number.

       The global query options are:

       +[no]additional
           Display [do not display] the additional section of a reply. The
           default is to display it.

       +[no]all
           Set or clear all display flags.

       +[no]answer
           Display [do not display] the answer section of a reply. The default
           is to display it.

       +[no]authority
           Display [do not display] the authority section of a reply. The
           default is to display it.

       +[no]besteffort
           Attempt to display the contents of messages which are malformed.
           The default is to not display malformed answers.

       +[no]cl
           Display [do not display] the CLASS when printing the record.

       +[no]comments
           Toggle the display of comment lines in the output. The default is
           to print comments.

       +[no]continue
           Continue on errors (e.g. timeouts).

       +[no]crypto
           Toggle the display of cryptographic fields in DNSSEC records. The
           contents of these field are unnecessary to debug most DNSSEC
           validation failures and removing them makes it easier to see the
           common failures. The default is to display the fields. When omitted
           they are replaced by the string "[omitted]" or in the DNSKEY case
           the key id is displayed as the replacement, e.g. "[ key id = value
           ]".

       +dscp[=value]
           Set the DSCP code point to be used when sending the query. Valid
           DSCP code points are in the range [0..63]. By default no code point
           is explicitly set.

       +[no]multiline
           Print records like the SOA records in a verbose multi-line format
           with human-readable comments. The default is to print each record
           on a single line, to facilitate machine parsing of the mdig output.

       +[no]question
           Print [do not print] the question section of a query when an answer
           is returned. The default is to print the question section as a
           comment.

       +[no]rrcomments
           Toggle the display of per-record comments in the output (for
           example, human-readable key information about DNSKEY records). The
           default is not to print record comments unless multiline mode is
           active.

       +[no]short
           Provide a terse answer. The default is to print the answer in a
           verbose form.

       +split=W
           Split long hex- or base64-formatted fields in resource records into
           chunks of W characters (where W is rounded up to the nearest
           multiple of 4).  +nosplit or +split=0 causes fields not to be split
           at all. The default is 56 characters, or 44 characters when
           multiline mode is active.

       +[no]tcp
           Use [do not use] TCP when querying name servers. The default
           behavior is to use UDP.

       +[no]ttlid
           Display [do not display] the TTL when printing the record.

       +[no]ttlunits
           Display [do not display] the TTL in friendly human-readable time
           units of "s", "m", "h", "d", and "w", representing seconds,
           minutes, hours, days and weeks. Implies +ttlid.

       +[no]vc
           Use [do not use] TCP when querying name servers. This alternate
           syntax to +[no]tcp is provided for backwards compatibility. The
           "vc" stands for "virtual circuit".

LOCAL OPTIONS
       The -c option sets the query class to class. It can be any valid query
       class which is supported in BIND 9. The default query class is "IN".

       The -t option sets the query type to type. It can be any valid query
       type which is supported in BIND 9. The default query type is "A",
       unless the -x option is supplied to indicate a reverse lookup with the
       "PTR" query type.

       The -i option sets the reverse domain for IPv6 addresses to IP6.INT.

       Reverse lookups -- mapping addresses to names -- are simplified by the
       -x option.  addr is an IPv4 address in dotted-decimal notation, or a
       colon-delimited IPv6 address.  mdig automatically performs a lookup for
       a query name like 11.12.13.10.in-addr.arpa and sets the query type and
       class to PTR and IN respectively. By default, IPv6 addresses are looked
       up using nibble format under the IP6.ARPA domain. To use the older
       RFC1886 method using the IP6.INT domain specify the -i option.

       The local query options are:

       +[no]aaflag
           A synonym for +[no]aaonly.

       +[no]aaonly
           Sets the "aa" flag in the query.

       +[no]adflag
           Set [do not set] the AD (authentic data) bit in the query. This
           requests the server to return whether all of the answer and
           authority sections have all been validated as secure according to
           the security policy of the server. AD=1 indicates that all records
           have been validated as secure and the answer is not from a OPT-OUT
           range. AD=0 indicate that some part of the answer was insecure or
           not validated. This bit is set by default.

       +bufsize=B
           Set the UDP message buffer size advertised using EDNS0 to B bytes.
           The maximum and minimum sizes of this buffer are 65535 and 0
           respectively. Values outside this range are rounded up or down
           appropriately. Values other than zero will cause a EDNS query to be
           sent.

       +[no]cdflag
           Set [do not set] the CD (checking disabled) bit in the query. This
           requests the server to not perform DNSSEC validation of responses.

       +[no]cookie[=####]
           Send a COOKIE EDNS option, with optional value. Replaying a COOKIE
           from a previous response will allow the server to identify a
           previous client. The default is +nocookie.

       +[no]dnssec
           Requests DNSSEC records be sent by setting the DNSSEC OK bit (DO)
           in the OPT record in the additional section of the query.

       +[no]edns[=#]
           Specify the EDNS version to query with. Valid values are 0 to 255.
           Setting the EDNS version will cause a EDNS query to be sent.
           +noedns clears the remembered EDNS version. EDNS is set to 0 by
           default.

       +[no]ednsflags[=#]
           Set the must-be-zero EDNS flags bits (Z bits) to the specified
           value. Decimal, hex and octal encodings are accepted. Setting a
           named flag (e.g. DO) will silently be ignored. By default, no Z
           bits are set.

       +[no]ednsopt[=code[:value]]
           Specify EDNS option with code point code and optionally payload of
           value as a hexadecimal string.  +noednsopt clears the EDNS options
           to be sent.

       +[no]expire
           Send an EDNS Expire option.

       +[no]nsid
           Include an EDNS name server ID request when sending a query.

       +[no]recurse
           Toggle the setting of the RD (recursion desired) bit in the query.
           This bit is set by default, which means mdig normally sends
           recursive queries.

       +retry=T
           Sets the number of times to retry UDP queries to server to T
           instead of the default, 2. Unlike +tries, this does not include the
           initial query.

       +[no]subnet=addr[/prefix-length]
           Send (don't send) an EDNS Client Subnet option with the specified
           IP address or network prefix.

           mdig +subnet=0.0.0.0/0, or simply mdig +subnet=0 for short, sends
           an EDNS client-subnet option with an empty address and a source
           prefix-length of zero, which signals a resolver that the client's
           address information must not be used when resolving this query.

       +timeout=T
           Sets the timeout for a query to T seconds. The default timeout is 5
           seconds for UDP transport and 10 for TCP. An attempt to set T to
           less than 1 will result in a query timeout of 1 second being
           applied.

       +tries=T
           Sets the number of times to try UDP queries to server to T instead
           of the default, 3. If T is less than or equal to zero, the number
           of tries is silently rounded up to 1.

       +udptimeout=T
           Sets the timeout between UDP query retries.

       +[no]unknownformat
           Print all RDATA in unknown RR type presentation format (RFC 3597).
           The default is to print RDATA for known types in the type's
           presentation format.

       +[no]zflag
           Set [do not set] the last unassigned DNS header flag in a DNS
           query. This flag is off by default.

SEE ALSO
       dig(1), RFC1035.

AUTHOR
       Internet Systems Consortium, Inc.

COPYRIGHT
       Copyright (C) 2015-2018 Internet Systems Consortium, Inc. ("ISC")

ISC                               2015-01-05                           MDIG(1)

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