resend(1)                   General Commands Manual                  resend(1)

       resend - resend messages after evaluation

       resend  [-A]  [-C  config-file] [-I file-list] [-M max-msg-length] [-R]
       [-a passwd] [-d] [-f from-addr] [-h host-name] -l  list-name  [-n]  [-p
       precedence] [-r reply-to] [-s] destination

       Provided with distributions of Majordomo.

       resend  is a perl script that is usually used to redirect mail messages
       to a mailing list after evaluating and parsing  the  headers.  Mail  is
       "resent" by handing it off to the mailer again with an alternate desti-
       nation as specified by the final operand.

       Any message that resend doesn't like is sent to  the  list  owner  (the
       "-f"  address,  or  "<list-name>-owner"  if -f isn't used) along with a
       comment indicating what "resend" didn't like about it.  To go ahead and
       send  the  message, just feed it to resend without the flag that caused
       it to reject it (in other words, if it rejected it because it  was  too
       long,  omit  the  "-M <>" flag; if it rejected it because it was admin-
       istrivia, omit the "-s" flag).

       If you specify "-a <passwd>" flag, this "approval" password can be used
       in  an  "Approved:  <passwd>" line to override most of the other checks
       (those enabled by "-s", "-M", and so forth).  The "Approved:  <passwd>"
       line  can  either  be one of the mail headers, or the first line of the
       body of the message.  If it is in the headers, the rest of the  headers
       are  resent as part of the approved message.  If it is in the body, the
       current headers are discarded in favor of the headers from the original
       message which should follow the "Approved:" line in the body.

       The  owner of a mailing list can thus post messages that were initially
       bounced by adding an "Approved: <passwd>"  line  and  resubmitting  the
       message.   Any "Approved: <passwd>" line is stripped before the message
       is sent to the mailing list, so that list members won't learn the pass-
       word.   If the <passwd> argument to the "-a" flag begins with a "/", it
       is assumed to be a file name from which the actual password is read.

       You can make a list "moderated" by specifying the "-A"  flag.   If  the
       "-A"  flag is set, then any messages not containing a valid "Approved:"
       line are sent to the list owner, rather than the whole list.; the  list
       owner can then review the message, add an appropriate "Approved:" line,
       and resubmit them (these last two steps can be  done  easily  with  the
       "approve"  command that comes with Majordomo).  If you specify the "-A"
       flag, you must also specify the "-a  <passwd>"  flag,  so  that  resend
       knows what approval password to use.

       If you only want to accept messages from members of a list, you can use
       the "-I <file-list>" flag to do this.  "<file-list>" should be a colon-
       separated  list  of  files  in the $listdir directory (specified in the
       config file) that "resend" will check the address in "From:" line of  a
       message against.  If the address doesn't show up in one of those files,
       and the message doesn't have a valid "approved" header on it,  it  will
       be bounced to the list owner.

       The following options can be used with resend:

       -A        Approve;  enable  list  moderation  by requiring an Approved:
                 header to be present in the message  before  resending.  Mes-
                 sages  without  an Approved: header will be redirected to the
                 list owner for approval.

       -C config-file
                 Alternate configuration file; tell resend to use the file

                 instead of the default list-name.config.

       -I file-list
                 Include; ensure that the message sender  (as  represented  in
                 the  From:  line  of  the  incoming message) is in one of the
                 file(s) specified in file-list.  file-list may contain multi-
                 ple  colon separated pathnames. Each pathname should point to
                 a file that contains a sendmail-style mailing list.

       [-M max-msg-length]
                 Maximum; Specify the maximum length of the relayed message in

       [-R]      Delete  the "Received:" lines in the incoming message header.
                 This can make the relayed messages  considerably  shorter  at
                 the  expense of losing some potentially interesting debugging

       [-a passwd_file]
                 Specify the pathname of  the  file  containing  the  approval
                 password  for  the  list.  This  password  is  used  to check
                 Approved: headers when relaying messages to  lists  that  are
                 marked as moderated through the -A option above.

       [-d]      Debug; print what would be done, but don't do it.

       [-f from-addr]
                 Set the From: address to from-addr

       [-h host-name]
                 Set  the name of the local host to host-name.  This name will
                 be used in the From: and To: lines when updating the headers.

       -l list-name
                 Specify the name of the  mailing  list  as  list-name.   This
                 option  is  required,  as resend uses this name to derive the
                 names of many other files.

       [-n]      Assign a sequence number to each message as it comes through.
                 The  next  sequence  number is stored in the file lists/list-
                 name.seq. If the string $SEQNUM is found in the $subject-pre-
                 fix  configuration  variable, it is replaced with the current
                 sequence number. Thus, a $subject_prefix of "($LIST $SEQNUM)"
                 would render a Subject: line of (list-name sequence-number).

       [-p precedence]
                 Set the Precedence: header to precedence.

       [-r reply-to]
                 Set the Reply-To: header to reply-to.

       [-s]      Administrivia;  Search the message for strings commonly found
                 in administrative messages send to  majordomo  mailing  lists
                 (e.g.   subscribe,  unsubscribe).  If  these are found in the
                 first 10 or so lines of the  message,  the  message  will  be
                 relayed  to  the  list  owner instead of being sent on to the
                 mailing list.

                 The alias to which to redirect the message if it is a  proper
                 list submission.



       Majordomo  and  most  of  the  ancillary perl code was written by Brent
       Chapman <brent@GreatCircle.COM>.  Majordomo is available via  anonymous
       FTP from FTP.GreatCircle.COM, in the directory pub/majordomo.  This man
       page was written by Shane McCarron <>.


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