rrdupdate(1)



RRDUPDATE(1)                        rrdtool                       RRDUPDATE(1)

NAME
       rrdupdate - Store a new set of values into the RRD

SYNOPSIS
       rrdtool {update | updatev} filename [--template|-tds-name[:ds-name]...]
       [--skip-past-updates|-s] [--daemon|-daddress] [--] N:value[:value]...
       timestamp:value[:value]...  at-timestamp@value[:value]...

DESCRIPTION
       The update function feeds new data values into an RRD. The data is time
       aligned (interpolated) according to the properties of the RRD to which
       the data is written.

       updatev This alternate version of update takes the same arguments and
               performs the same function. The v stands for verbose, which
               describes the output returned. updatev returns a list of any
               and all consolidated data points (CDPs) written to disk as a
               result of the invocation of update. The values are indexed by
               timestamp (time_t), RRA (consolidation function and PDPs per
               CDP), and data source (name).  Note that depending on the
               arguments of the current and previous call to update, the list
               may have no entries or a large number of entries.

               Since updatev requires direct disk access, the --daemon option
               cannot be used with this command.

       filename
               The name of the RRD you want to update.

       --template|-t ds-name[:ds-name]...
               By default, the update function expects its data input in the
               order the data sources are defined in the RRD, excluding any
               COMPUTE data sources (i.e. if the third data source DST is
               COMPUTE, the third input value will be mapped to the fourth
               data source in the RRD and so on). This is not very error
               resistant, as you might be sending the wrong data into an RRD.

               The template switch allows you to specify which data sources
               you are going to update and in which order. If the data sources
               specified in the template are not available in the RRD file,
               the update process will abort with an error message.

               While it appears possible with the template switch to update
               data sources asynchronously, RRDtool implicitly assigns non-
               COMPUTE data sources missing from the template the *UNKNOWN*
               value.

               Do not specify a value for a COMPUTE DST in the update
               function. If this is done accidentally (and this can only be
               done using the template switch), RRDtool will ignore the value
               specified for the COMPUTE DST.

               The caching daemon rrdcached cannot be used together with
               templates yet.

       --skip-past-updates|-s
               When updating an rrd file with data earlier than the latest
               update already applied, rrdtool will issue an error message an
               abort. This option instructs rrdtool to silently skip such
               data. It can be useful when re-playing old data into an rrd
               file and you are not sure how many updates have already been
               applied.

       --daemon|-d address
               If given, RRDTool will try to connect to the caching daemon
               rrdcached at address. If the connection is successfully
               established the values will be sent to the daemon instead of
               accessing the files directly. If the connection cannot be
               established it will fall back to direct file-access.  While
               this is convenient, it can silently create problems so please
               read the warning in the examples.

               For a list of accepted formats, see the -l option in the
               rrdcached manual.

       {N | timestamp}:value[:value]...
               The data used for updating the RRD was acquired at a certain
               time. This time can either be defined in seconds since
               1970-01-01 or by using the letter 'N', in which case the update
               time is set to be the current time. Negative time values are
               subtracted from the current time. An AT_STYLE TIME
               SPECIFICATION (see the rrdfetch documentation) may also be used
               by delimiting the end of the time specification with the '@'
               character instead of a ':'. Getting the timing right to the
               second is especially important when you are working with data-
               sources of type COUNTER, DERIVE, DCOUNTER, DDERIVE or ABSOLUTE.

               When using negative time values, options and data have to be
               separated by two dashes (--), else the time value would be
               parsed as an option.  See below for an example.

               The remaining elements of the argument are DS updates. The
               order of this list is the same as the order the data sources
               were defined in the RRA. If there is no data for a certain
               data-source, the letter U (e.g., N:0.1:U:1) can be specified.

               The format of the value acquired from the data source is
               dependent on the data source type chosen. Normally it will be
               numeric, but the data acquisition modules may impose their very
               own parsing of this parameter as long as the colon (:) remains
               the data source value separator.

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
       The following environment variables may be used to change the behavior
       of "rrdtoolupdate":

       RRDCACHED_ADDRESS
           If this environment variable is set it will have the same effect as
           specifying the "--daemon" option on the command line. If both are
           present, the command line argument takes precedence.

       RRDCACHED_STRIPPATH
           If this environment variable is set it will strip the leading
           string from the filename prior to sending the filename to
           rrdcached.  This is mostly intended to allow rrdcached to work with
           xymon and cacti tools without having to modify those tools.

EXAMPLES
       o   "rrdtool update demo1.rrd N:3.44:3.15:U:23"

           Update the database file demo1.rrd with 3 known and one *UNKNOWN*
           value. Use the current time as the update time.

       o   "rrdtool update demo2.rrd 887457267:U 887457521:22 887457903:2.7"

           Update the database file demo2.rrd which expects data from a single
           data-source, three times. First with an *UNKNOWN* value then with
           two regular readings. The update interval seems to be around 300
           seconds.

       o   "rrdtool update demo3.rrd -- -5:21 N:42"

           Update the database file demo3.rrd two times, using five seconds in
           the past and the current time as the update times.

       o   "rrdtool update --daemon unix:/tmp/rrdd.sock demo4.rrd N:23"

           Use the UNIX domain socket "/tmp/rrdd.sock" to contact the caching
           daemon. If the caching daemon is not available, update the file
           "demo4.rrd" directly.  WARNING: Since a relative path is specified,
           the following disturbing effect may occur: If the daemon is
           available, the file relative to the working directory of the daemon
           is used. If the daemon is not available, the file relative to the
           current working directory of the invoking process is used.  This
           may update two different files depending on whether the daemon
           could be reached or not. Don't do relative paths, kids!

AUTHORS
       Tobias Oetiker <tobi@oetiker.ch>, Florian Forster <octoatverplant.org>

1.7.0                             2018-06-30                      RRDUPDATE(1)

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