systemd-umount(1)



SYSTEMD-MOUNT(1)                 systemd-mount                SYSTEMD-MOUNT(1)

NAME
       systemd-mount, systemd-umount - Establish and destroy transient mount
       or auto-mount points

SYNOPSIS
       systemd-mount [OPTIONS...] WHAT [WHERE]

       systemd-mount [OPTIONS...] --list

       systemd-mount [OPTIONS...] --umount WHAT|WHERE...

DESCRIPTION
       systemd-mount may be used to create and start a transient .mount or
       .automount unit of the file system WHAT on the mount point WHERE.

       In many ways, systemd-mount is similar to the lower-level mount(8)
       command, however instead of executing the mount operation directly and
       immediately, systemd-mount schedules it through the service manager job
       queue, so that it may pull in further dependencies (such as parent
       mounts, or a file system checker to execute a priori), and may make use
       of the auto-mounting logic.

       The command takes either one or two arguments. If only one argument is
       specified it should refer to a block device or regular file containing
       a file system (e.g.  "/dev/sdb1" or "/path/to/disk.img"). If it is a
       block device, which is then probed for a label and other metadata, and
       is mounted to a directory whose name is generated from the label. In
       this mode the block device must exist at the time of invocation of the
       command, so that it may be probed. If the device is found to be a
       removable block device (e.g. a USB stick) an automount point instead of
       a regular mount point is created (i.e. the --automount= option is
       implied, see below).

       If two arguments are specified the first indicates the mount source
       (the WHAT) and the second indicates the path to mount it on (the
       WHERE). In this mode no probing of the source is attempted, and a
       backing device node doesn't have to exist yet. However, if this mode is
       combined with --discover, device node probing for additional metadata
       is enabled, and - much like in the single-argument case discussed above
       - the specified device has to exist at the time of invocation of the
       command.

       Use the --list command to show a terse table of all local, known block
       devices with file systems that may be mounted with this command.

       systemd-umount can be used to unmount a mount or automount point. It is
       the same as systemd-mount --umount.

OPTIONS
       The following options are understood:

       --no-block
           Do not synchronously wait for the requested operation to finish. If
           this is not specified, the job will be verified, enqueued and
           systemd-mount will wait until the mount or automount unit's
           start-up is completed. By passing this argument, it is only
           verified and enqueued.

       --no-pager
           Do not pipe output into a pager.

       --no-ask-password
           Do not query the user for authentication for privileged operations.

       --quiet, -q
           Suppresses additional informational output while running.

       --discover
           Enable probing of the mount source. This switch is implied if a
           single argument is specified on the command line. If passed,
           additional metadata is read from the device to enhance the unit to
           create. For example, a descriptive string for the transient units
           is generated from the file system label and device model. Moreover
           if a removable block device (e.g. USB stick) is detected an
           automount unit instead of a regular mount unit is created, with a
           short idle time-out, in order to ensure the file-system is placed
           in a clean state quickly after each access.

       --type=, -t
           Specifies the file system type to mount (e.g.  "vfat", "ext4",
           ...). If omitted (or set to "auto") the file system is determined
           automatically.

       --options=, -o
           Additional mount options for the mount point.

       --fsck=
           Takes a boolean argument, defaults to on. Controls whether to run a
           file system check immediately before the mount operation. In the
           automount case (see --automount= below) the check will be run the
           moment the first access to the device is made, which might slightly
           delay the access.

       --description=
           Provide a description for the mount or automount unit. See
           Description= in systemd.unit(5).

       --property=, -p
           Sets a unit property for the mount unit that is created. This takes
           an assignment in the same format as systemctl(1)'s set-property
           command.

       --automount=
           Takes a boolean argument. Controls whether to create an automount
           point or a regular mount point. If true an automount point is
           created that is backed by the actual file system at the time of
           first access. If false a plain mount point is created that is
           backed by the actual file system immediately. Automount points have
           the benefit that the file system stays unmounted and hence in clean
           state until it is first accessed. In automount mode the
           --timeout-idle-sec= switch (see below) may be used to ensure the
           mount point is unmounted automatically after the last access and an
           idle period passed.

           If this switch is not specified it defaults to false. If not
           specified and --discover is used (or only a single argument passed,
           which implies --discover, see above), and the file system block
           device is detected to be removable, it is set to true, in order to
           increase the chance that the file system is in a fully clean state
           if the device is unplugged abruptly.

       -A
           Equivalent to --automount=yes.

       --timeout-idle-sec=
           Takes a time value that controls the idle timeout in automount
           mode. If set to "infinity" (the default) no automatic unmounts are
           done. Otherwise the file system backing the automount point is
           detached after the last access and the idle timeout passed. See
           systemd.time(7) for details on the time syntax supported. This
           option has no effect if only a regular mount is established, and
           automounting is not used.

           Note that if --discover is used (or only a single argument passed,
           which implies --discover, see above), and the file system block
           device is detected to be removable, --timeout-idle-sec=1s is
           implied.

       --automount-property=
           Similar to --property=, but applies additional properties to the
           automount unit created, instead of the mount unit.

       --bind-device=
           Takes a boolean argument, defaults to off. This option only has an
           effect in automount mode, and controls whether the automount unit
           shall be bound to the backing device's lifetime. If enabled, the
           automount point will be removed automatically when the backing
           device vanishes. If disabled the automount point stays around, and
           subsequent accesses will block until backing device is replugged.
           This option has no effect in case of non-device mounts, such as
           network or virtual file system mounts.

           Note that if --discover is used (or only a single argument passed,
           which implies --discover, see above), and the file system block
           device is detected to be removable, this option is implied.

       --list
           Instead of establishing a mount or automount point, print a terse
           list of block devices containing file systems that may be mounted
           with "systemd-mount", along with useful metadata such as labels,
           etc.

       -u, --umount
           Stop the mount and automount units corresponding to the specified
           mount points WHERE or the devices WHAT.  systemd-mount with this
           option or systemd-umount can take multiple arguments which can be
           mount points, devices, /etc/fstab style node names, or backing
           files corresponding to loop devices, like systemd-mount --umount
           /path/to/umount /dev/sda1 UUID=xxxxxx-xxxx LABEL=xxxxx
           /path/to/disk.img. Note that when -H or -M is specified, only
           absolute paths to mount points are supported.

       -G, --collect
           Unload the transient unit after it completed, even if it failed.
           Normally, without this option, all mount units that mount and
           failed are kept in memory until the user explicitly resets their
           failure state with systemctl reset-failed or an equivalent command.
           On the other hand, units that stopped successfully are unloaded
           immediately. If this option is turned on the "garbage collection"
           of units is more agressive, and unloads units regardless if they
           exited successfully or failed. This option is a shortcut for
           --property=CollectMode=inactive-or-failed, see the explanation for
           CollectMode= in systemd.unit(5) for further information.

       --user
           Talk to the service manager of the calling user, rather than the
           service manager of the system.

       --system
           Talk to the service manager of the system. This is the implied
           default.

       -H, --host=
           Execute the operation remotely. Specify a hostname, or a username
           and hostname separated by "@", to connect to. The hostname may
           optionally be suffixed by a container name, separated by ":", which
           connects directly to a specific container on the specified host.
           This will use SSH to talk to the remote machine manager instance.
           Container names may be enumerated with machinectl -H HOST.

       -M, --machine=
           Execute operation on a local container. Specify a container name to
           connect to.

       -h, --help
           Print a short help text and exit.

       --version
           Print a short version string and exit.

EXIT STATUS
       On success, 0 is returned, a non-zero failure code otherwise.

THE UDEV DATABASE
       If --discover is used, systemd-mount honors a couple of additional udev
       properties of block devices:

       SYSTEMD_MOUNT_OPTIONS=
           The mount options to use, if --options= is not used.

       SYSTEMD_MOUNT_WHERE=
           The file system path to place the mount point at, instead of the
           automatically generated one.

SEE ALSO
       systemd(1), mount(8), systemctl(1), systemd.unit(5), systemd.mount(5),
       systemd.automount(5), systemd-run(1)

systemd 236                                                   SYSTEMD-MOUNT(1)

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