tin(1)



tin(1)                        A Usenet newsreader                       tin(1)

NAME
       tin, rtin - A Usenet newsreader

SYNOPSIS
       tin  [[-h|-H|-V] |  [[[-a]  [-dlnq|-Q]  [-ArzxX]] [[-R|-S] -s News_dir]
       [-cuvZ] [-4|-6] [-N|-M address] [-o|-w]]  [-D  debug_level]  [-G  arti-
       cle_limit]  [-f  newsrc_file]  [-g  server] [-m Mail_dir] [-p port] [-I
       index_dir] [newsgroup[,...]]]

DESCRIPTION
       tin is a full-screen easy to use Usenet newsreader. It  can  read  news
       locally (e.g., /var/spool/news) or remotely (rtin or tin -r option) via
       a NNTP (Network News Transport Protocol) server. It will  automatically
       utilize  NOV  newsoverview(5) style index files if available locally or
       via the NNTP [X]OVER command (RFC2980, RFC3977).

       tin has four separate  levels  of  operation:  Selection  level,  Group
       level,  Thread  level  and Article level. Use the Help ('h') command to
       view a list of the commands available at a particular level.

       On startup tin will show a list of the newsgroups found in  ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc.  An  arrow '->' or highlighted bar will point to
       the first newsgroup. Move to a group by using the terminal  arrow  keys
       (terminal  dependent) or Down ('j') and Up ('k'). Use PgUp/PgDn (termi-
       nal dependent) or PageUp ('^U') (CTRL-U) and PageDown  ('^D')  (CTRL-D)
       to page up/down. Enter a newsgroup by pressing '<CR>'.

       The  GroupNextUnreadArtOrGrp  ('<TAB>')  key  enters the next newsgroup
       with unread articles.

EXIT STATUS
       Interactive mode:

            0      Successful program execution.

            1      Usage, syntax, configuration file or network error.

       Batch mode (''-Z''):

            0      No unread news

            1      Usage, syntax, configuration file or network error.

            2      Unread news

OPTIONS
       -4          Force connecting via IPv4 to the remote NNTP server.

       -6          Force connecting via IPv6 to the remote NNTP server.

       -a          Toggle ANSI color (default is off).

       -A          Force authentication on initial connect.

       -c          Create/update index files for every  group  in  ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc  or  file  specified  by  the  ''-f''
                   option and mark all articles as read.

       -d          Don't load newsgroup descriptions and  servers  message  of
                   the day (interactive mode).

       -D debug-level
                   Enter  debug-level  (1  = NNTP, 2 = filter, 4 = newsrc, 8 =
                   threading, 16 = memory, 32 = attributes, 64 = misc).

       -f file     Use the specified file of subscribed to newsgroups in place
                   of ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc.

       -g server   Use   the   server  and  newsrc  specified  in  ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/newsrctable.

       -G article-limit
                   Limit the number of articles/group  to  retrieve  from  the
                   server.

       -h          Help listing all command-line options.

       -H          Brief introduction to tin that is also shown the first time
                   it is started.

       -I dir      Directory in which to store newsgroup index files.  Default
                   is                        ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news.  This option has no  effect  if
                   tin    retrieves    its    index   files   via   NNTP   and
                   cache_overview_files is turned off.

       -l          Get number  of  articles  per  group  from  the  ${TIN_LIB-
                   DIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active} file. If read-
                   ing via NNTP this is done with the LIST command (RFC3977 ).
                   This  might  result in incorrect article counts but is usu-
                   ally  faster  than  the  default  which  is  to  read   the
                   ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active}  file
                   (either directly or via LIST) and then  check  the  article
                   count via NNTP GROUP command (RFC3977 ) ''-ln''. If reading
                   via NNTP and LIST COUNTS (RFC6048 ) is  available  that  is
                   used instead as it gives more accurate article counts.

       -m dir      Mailbox   directory   to   use.   Default   is  ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail.

       -M user     Mail unread articles to specified user for  later  reading.
                   For  more  information  read section "AUTOMATIC MAILING AND
                   SAVING NEW NEWS".

       -n          Only   load   groups   from   the    ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIB-
                   DIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active}  file  that are subscribed
                   to  in  the  user's  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc.  This
                   allows  a  noticeable  speedup  when  connecting via a slow
                   line, but tin may not be able detect which groups are  mod-
                   erated. See also ''-l''.

       -N          Mail  unread  articles  to  yourself for later reading. For
                   more information read section "AUTOMATIC MAILING AND SAVING
                   NEW NEWS".

       -o          Quick  post  all  postponed articles and exit. In order for
                   this to be really quick, it should be used with  ''-n''  if
                   possible.

       -p port     Port to use if reading via NNTP (default is 119). This also
                   overrides the environment variable $NNTPPORT if set.

       -q          Don't check for new newsgroups and skip loading the servers
                   message of the day.

       -Q          Quick  start.  Start  tin as quickly as possible. Currently
                   this is equivalent to ''-nqd''.

       -r          Read news remotely from the default NNTP  server  specified
                   in the environment variable $NNTPSERVER or contained in the
                   file /etc/nntpserver.

       -R          Read news saved by the ''-S'' option.

       -s dir      Save/read articles to/in directory. Default is  ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/News.

       -S          Save  unread  articles  for  later  reading  by  the ''-R''
                   option. For more information read section "AUTOMATIC  MAIL-
                   ING AND SAVING NEW NEWS".

       -u          Create/update  index  files  for every group in ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc  or  file  specified  by  the  ''-f''
                   option.  This option is disabled if tin retrieves its index
                   files via a NNTP server and cache_overview_files is  turned
                   off.

       -v          Verbose mode for ''-c'', ''-M'', ''-N'', ''-S'', ''-u'' and
                   ''-Z'' options.

       -V          Print version and date information.

       -w          Quick mode to post an article and then exit. In  order  for
                   this  to  be really quick, it should be used with ''-n'' if
                   possible.

       -x          No-posting mode. You cannot post articles if you  use  this
                   option.

       -X          No   overwrite  mode.  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc  and
                   files in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin will not be overwrit-
                   ten but may be created if they don't exist.

       -z          Only start tin if there is any new/unread news. If there is
                   news tin will position cursor at first  group  with  unread
                   news. Useful for putting in login file.

       -Z          Check  if there is any new/unread news and exit with appro-
                   priate status. If ''-v'' option is specified the number  of
                   unread  articles  in  each group is printed. An exit code 0
                   indicates no news, 1 that an  error  occurred  and  2  that
                   new/unread news exists. Useful for writing scripts.

       tin  can  also  dynamically  change its options by the OptionMenu ('M')
       command. Any changes are written to ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc.
       For more information see section "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIG-
       URABLE VARIABLES" and tin(5).

       A list of groups can be specified after the other command-line options.
       This can be useful if you wish to yank in or subscribe to a hand-picked
       subset of the active newsgroups. See the  section  "NEWSGROUP  LISTS  &
       WILDCARDS" for the types of pattern that tin understands.

       If you specify a single group-name, or a wildcard that matches a single
       group, then you will automatically enter that group. Otherwise the nor-
       mal  group  selection  screen  will  appear,  but with all the matching
       groups present too, as though you had yanked just those groups in.

       With the ''-w'' flag a given group-name is used  as  default  group  to
       post  to.  If  more  than one group or a wildcard is specified only the
       first group respectively the first group that matches is used.

       Once you use SelectYankActive ('y') to yank in all  active  groups,  or
       SelectToggleReadDisplay  ('r')  to  toggle the read/unread status, then
       the command-line groups will be gone. You can use  SelectSyncWithActive
       ('Y')    to    reread   the   ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVE-
       FILE:-active} file and get them back.

       NB: With the ''-n'' flag, only unsubscribed groups in  the  ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc  file  (or  the  newsrc-file  given by the ''-f''
       command-line switch  or  via  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/newsrctable)
       can be matched.

       Command-line  options  have  higher  priority than attributes and tinrc
       options.  Thus, command-line option takes  precedence  over  configured
       values.

USAGE
   NEWS ADMINISTRATION
       Maintaining  Netnews on large networks of machines can be a pretty time
       consuming job as I discovered when I was given the job  of  maintaining
       our news system and news users.

       A  user starting tin for the first time can be automatically subscribed
       to a list of newsgroups that are deemed appropriate by the news  admin-
       istrator.  The  subscriptions  file  should be created in your news lib
       directory (i.e.,  ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/subscriptions)  and  should
       have file permissions set to 0644. If you read news via NNTP, then your
       news server must support the LIST SUBSCRIPTIONS command. It is part  of
       the  NNTP  List  Extensions  (RFC6048  )  and all modern servers should
       understand it.

   SCREEN FORMAT
       tin has four separate  levels  of  operation:  Selection  level,  Group
       level, Thread level and Article level.

       At  the  Selection level the title displays (the name of the newsserver
       and) the number of subscribed groups (containing new unread  articles).
       The  newsgroups  are displayed in the middle of the screen usually with
       the number of unread articles displayed on the same line in front,  but
       it can be customized via select_format.

       ->M    1     2  comp.security.announce  Announcements from the CERT abou
         M    2     1  news.admin.announce     Announcements for news adminstra
              3    22  news.software.misc      News-related software other than
              4  1475  news.software.nntp      The Network News Transfer Protoc
         X    5   124  news.software.readers   Discussion of software used to r

       There  may  also be a character prefixing the line. An explanation fol-
       lows:

       u         This group is  unsubscribed.  To  see  only  your  subscribed
                 groups use the SelectToggleReadDisplay ('r') or SelectYankAc-
                 tive ('y') toggle keys.

       M         This is a moderated group. Any posts you make will have to be
                 approved  by  the  group administrator before it will be made
                 public. tin will ask for confirmation before you  post  to  a
                 moderated group.

       N         This is a new newsgroup which has been created since you last
                 used tin. New newsgroups are not  subscribed  to  by  default
                 (However,  see the $AUTOSUBSCRIBE / $AUTOUNSUBSCRIBE environ-
                 ment variables).  Subscribe to it in the normal  way  if  you
                 wish  the group to continue to appear in your Selection Menu.
                 Simply ignore new newsgroups and they will be gone  the  next
                 time  you  start tin. You will have to yank in all the groups
                 to find them in a later session.

       D         This group no longer exists. If you no  longer  wish  to  see
                 this  group  then unsubscribe from it in the normal way. This
                 flag will only appear if you have set strip_bogus to "ask" in
                 the Options Menu.

       X         You  may  no  longer  make posts to this group. Often a group
                 will be superseded by a more appropriately named one.

       =         This group has been renamed and you may no longer post to it.
                 If  you  do,  then  you  will  receive  an  error  from  your
                 newsserver telling you the correct group to post to.

       At the Group level the title contains the name of the group, the number
       of conversation threads, the abbreviated threading method (thread_arti-
       cles), the limit of articles to get (if set; getart_limit),  the  total
       number of (unread) articles (art_marked_read or art_marked_unread), the
       number of hot articles art_marked_selected,  the  number  of  read  hot
       articles (if any; art_marked_read_selected), the number of recent arti-
       cles  (art_marked_recent)   and   the   number   of   killed   articles
       (art_marked_killed). I.e.:

                   alt.sources (5B -50/23+ 0* 3o 0K)

       The characters after the numbers are depending to the configuration and
       if your are in show_only_unread_arts mode or not. Some numbers could be
       missing if the specific option is not enabled. It might also contain an
       'M', 'X' or '=' (see above; doesn't work with the  ''-n''  command-line
       switch!) if the group is moderated, set to no posting or postings to it
       get redirected.

       If a thread has unread articles it is marked with art_marked_unread  in
       front  of  the  total  number  of  articles in the thread. If there are
       recent  articles  within  the  thread   it   might   be   marked   with
       art_marked_recent  in  front  of  the  total  number of articles in the
       thread - this is controlled by the recent_time option. If a thread  has
       hot  articles in it (see also section "FILTERING ARTICLES") it's marked
       with art_marked_selected in front of the total number  of  articles  in
       the  thread.  The  number of lines of the first (unread) article in the
       thread might also be shown right before the  subject  -  this  is  con-
       trolled  by  the  show_info  option.  The display can be customized via
       group_format.

                       de.admin.net-abuse.announce (11B 13+ 1* 1o 0K) M

       ->   1   +   3  108 bincancels in de.talk.sex        Christopher Lueg <l
            2   +       69 EMP/ECP gecancelt. xynx. BI= 10  Henning Weede <hwee
            3   o       93 EMP gecancelt. SouthBeach/Palms  Henning Weede <hwee
            4   *      368 <1997-11-12> Fremdcancel-FAQ     Thomas Roessler <ro

       At the Thread level the screen usually (depends on the threading method
       used) looks like this, but can be customized via thread_format:

       ->   1      [   7]  What is this funny tree in the thr  Robert F. Simmig
            2      [  12]  +->                                 Sephan Wagner <s
            3      [ 230]  | `->Tin thread-level (was: What is Bob Johnson <bob
            4      [  22]  `->tin threading menu               Brian Richardson

       At the Article level the page header has the following format:

       Sun, 28 Dec 1997 21:21:01   de.admin.news.groups      Thread   20 of 86
       Lines 50   Re: EINSPRUCH zu RESULT:de.comm.mobil.ALL   Article  47 of 59
       Urs Janssen <urs@akk.org>        at Arbeitskreis Kultur und Kommunikati

       article-body

       The  look  of  the Selection, Group and Thread level can be customized.
       See the section "CUSTOMIZING THE SCREEN FORMAT".

   COMMON MOVING KEYS
       This table shows the common keys used  for  moving  around  all  levels
       within tin.
                                    ANSI/vt100   Other Terminals
              Beg. of list/article  Home         FirstPage (^)
              End of list/article   End          LastPage ($)
              Page Up               PgUp         PageUp (u, ^U or ^B)
              Page Down             PgDn         PageDown (^D or ^F or <SPACE>)
              Line Up               Up arrow     Up (k or ^P)
              Line Down             Down arrow   Down (j or ^N)

   COMMON EDITING COMMANDS
       An  emacs  style  editing  package  allows  the  easy  editing of input
       strings.  An history list allows the easy reuse of  previously  entered
       strings.   In  addition  to the cursor keys, the following commands are
       available when editing a string:

       ^A, ^E    move to beginning or end of line, respectively.

       ^F, ^B    non-destructive move forward or back  one  location,  respec-
                 tively.

       ^D        delete  the character currently under the cursor, or send EOF
                 if no characters in the buffer.

       ^H, <DEL> delete character left of the cursor.

       ^K        delete from cursor to end of line.

       ^P, ^N    move through history, previous and next, respectively.

       ^L, ^R    redraw the current line.

       <CR>      places line on history list if non-blank, appends newline and
                 returns to the caller.

       <ESC>     aborts the present editing operation.

   GLOBAL COMMANDS
       The  following  commands  are available at all 4 menu levels and always
       have the same effect.

       ShellEscape '!'
                 Shell escape. ShellEscape by  itself  will  launch  a  shell,
                 ShellEscape  <command>  will  run an external <command>. This
                 facility may have been disabled by the System  Administrator.

       ToggleColor '&'
                 Toggle use of ANSI color.

       RedrawScr '^L'
                 Redraw the current screen.

       ScrollUp '<'
                 Scroll screen up by one line.

       ScrollDown '>'
                 Scroll screen down by one line.

       Postponed 'O' '^O'
                 Reload postponed article. If your system blocks the Postponed
                 key you must quote it by pressing '^V'  (CTRL-V)  first.  The
                 postpone-menu offers the following actions: PromptYes ('y') =
                 reload and spawn editor; PostponeOverride ('Y') = post  arti-
                 cle  (without  spawning editor); PostponeAll ('A') = post all
                 postponed articles (without spawning editor); PromptNo  ('n')
                 =  skip  this article; Quit ('q') = quit postponed menu. Cur-
                 rently there is no 'simple' way to delete a postponed article
                 from  the  postponed-file, you have to use the following com-
                 mand sequence instead: reload it with Postponed, enter editor
                 with  PromptYes,  quit  editor,  discard  posting  with  Quit
                 ('^O''y''q'). See also ''-o'' command-line switch.

       Help 'h'  Help screen of commands available on the  current  menu.  You
                 can use SearchSubjF ('/'), SearchSubjB ('?') and SearchRepeat
                 ('\') to search on this screen. Quit  ('q')  returns  to  the
                 menu.

       ToggleHelpDisplay 'H'
                 Toggle  the  display  of  help mini menu at the bottom of the
                 screen.

       DisplayPostHist 'W'
                 List articles posted by user. The date posted, the  newsgroup
                 and  the  subject  are listed. You can use SearchSubjF ('/'),
                 SearchSubjB ('?') and SearchRepeat ('\') to  search  on  this
                 screen. Quit ('q') returns to the menu.

       Version 'v'
                 Print tin version information.

   NEWSGROUP SELECTION COMMANDS
       4         Select group 4.

       SelectResetNewsrc '^R'
                 Reset ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc file. This will destroy
                 all records of which articles have been  read,  so  use  this
                 carefully.

       SetRange '#'
                 Choose  a  range  of articles to be affected by the next com-
                 mand. See the section "RANGES" for more information.

       SelectSortActive '.'
                 Sort the list of newsgroups.

       SearchRepeat '\'
                 Repeat the previous search.

       SearchSubjF '/'
                 Search for a group by name and description (if displayed).

       SearchSubjB '?'
                 Backward search through the group names and descriptions.

       SelectReadGrp '^J' '<CR>'
                 Read current group.

       SelectEnterNextUnreadGrp '<TAB>' 'n'
                 Enter next group with unread news. Will wrap  around  to  the
                 beginning  of  the  group  selection  list looking for unread
                 groups.

       Catchup 'c'
                 Make current group as all read [after confirmation] and  move
                 to the next group in the group selection list.

       CatchupNextUnread 'C'
                 Mark current group as all read [after confirmation] and enter
                 the next unread group in the group selection list.

       SelectToggleDescriptions 'd'
                 Toggle display to show just the group name or the group  name
                 and the group descriptions.

       EditFilter 'E'
                 Edit the filter file and reload it afterwards.

       SelectGoto 'g'
                 Choose  a  new  group  by  name.  This command can be used to
                 access any group, even those not currently yanked in.

       ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                 Toggle the display of the description of  the  current  news-
                 group in the last line. This will not be available if tin was
                 started with the ''-d'' option.

       ToggleInverseVideo 'I'
                 Toggle inverse video.

       SelectMoveGrp 'm'
                 Move the current group within the group  selection  list.  By
                 entering  '1' the group will become the first displayed group
                 in the list, by entering '8' the eighth  group  in  the  list
                 etc.  By  entering  '$' the group will be the last group dis-
                 played.

       OptionMenu 'M'
                 User configurable options menu (for more information see sec-
                 tion "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES").

       SelectNextUnreadGrp 'N'
                 Positions the cursor on the next group with  unread  articles
                 in it.

       Quit 'q'  Quit  tin  - ask the user to confirm if confirm_choice is set
                 accordingly.

       QuitTin 'Q'
                 Quit tin - don't ask the user to confirm.

       SelectToggleReadDisplay 'r'
                 Toggle display of all subscribed to  groups  and  just  those
                 groups  containing  unread articles. Command has no effect if
                 groups were  specified  on  the  command-line  when  tin  was
                 started.

       BugReport 'R'
                 Mail  a  bug report or comment to <tin-bugs@tin.org>. This is
                 the  best  way   of   getting   bugs   fixed   and   features
                 added/changed.

       SelectSubscribe 's'
                 Subscribe to current group.

       SelectSubscribePat 'S'
                 Subscribe  to groups matching user specified pattern. See the
                 section "NEWSGROUP LISTS & WILDCARDS" for the types  of  pat-
                 tern that tin understands.

       SelectUnsubscribe 'u'
                 Unsubscribe  to  current  group.  This  can be used to remove
                 bogus groups.  See strip_bogus in the  "GLOBAL  OPTIONS  MENU
                 AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES" section.

       SelectUnsubscribePat 'U'
                 Unsubscribe  to  groups  matching user specified pattern. See
                 the section "NEWSGROUP LISTS & WILDCARDS" for  the  types  of
                 pattern that tin understands.

       Post 'w'  Post  an  article to current group. If posting fails for some
                 reason, you'll get the chance to PostEdit ('e')  the  article
                 again,  PostPostpone  ('o') it for later processing (see also
                 ''-o'' command-line switch) or discard it via Quit ('q').

       SelectQuitNoWrite 'X'
                 Quit tin without saving any changes to the configuration.

       SelectYankActive 'y'
                 Yanks in all groups. Toggles the displayed groups between all
                 the  groups  in the ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVE-
                 FILE:-active} file and just those that are subscribed  to  in
                 ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc.

       SelectSyncWithActive 'Y'
                 Reread      the     ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVE-
                 FILE:-active} file to see if any new news has  arrived  since
                 starting tin.

       SelectMarkGrpUnread 'z' 'Z'
                 Mark all articles in the current group as unread.

   GROUP INDEX COMMANDS
       All  searches  in  this  level  are  limited  to  unread articles if in
       show_only_unread_arts mode. GroupToggleReadUnread ('r') can be use tog-
       gle the setting right before/after the search.

       4         Select article 4.

       MenuFilterSelect '^A'
                 Auto  select  article(s) using a menu. Read the section "FIL-
                 TERING ARTICLES" for more information.

       MenuFilterKill '^K'
                 Kill article(s) using a menu.  Read  the  section  "FILTERING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       MarkFeedRead '^X'
                 Mark  current  article,  thread,  range,  auto-selected (hot)
                 articles, articles matching pattern  or  tagged  articles  as
                 read. A prompt asks which type should be marked.

       MarkFeedUnread '^W'
                 Mark  current  article,  thread,  range,  auto-selected (hot)
                 articles, articles matching pattern  or  tagged  articles  as
                 unread. A prompt asks which type should be marked.

       SetRange '#'
                 Choose  a  range  of articles to be affected by the next com-
                 mand. See the section "RANGES" for more information.

       LastViewed '-'
                 Re-enter the last message that was viewed.

       SearchRepeat '\'
                 Repeat the previous search

       SearchSubjF '/'
                 Search forward for specified subject.

       SearchSubjB '?'
                 Search backward for specified subject.

       GroupSelThd '*'
                 Select current thread for later processing.

       GroupDoAutoSel '+'
                 Selects all threads in current group. It is  a  shortcut  for
                 calling GroupSelPattern with a pattern of ''*''.

       GroupToggleThdSel '.'
                 Toggle  selection  of  current thread. If at least one unread
                 article, (but not every unread article) in the current thread
                 is selected, then all unread articles become selected.

       GroupSelThdIfUnreadSelected ';'
                 For  each  thread in current group, if it at least one unread
                 article is selected, all  unread  articles  become  selected.
                 This  is  useful  for  auto-selection  on author where reader
                 wants to see entire thread.

       GroupSelPattern '='
                 Prompts for a pattern with which to  match  on.  All  threads
                 whose  subjects  match the pattern will be marked selected. A
                 pattern of ''*''  will  match  all  subjects.  Entering  just
                 '<CR>' will re-use the last pattern that was entered.

       GroupReverseSel '@'
                 Reverse all selections on all articles.

       GroupUndoSel '~'
                 Undo  all  selections  on  all articles. It clears the toggle
                 effect of GroupMarkUnselArtRead  ('X')  command.  Thus  after
                 first doing a GroupMarkUnselArtRead, one can then do GroupUn-
                 doSel to reset articles. Thus, one  can  iteratively  whittle
                 down uninteresting threads.

       Pipe '|'  Pipe  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles  into  command.
                 See the section "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       QuickFilterSelect '['
                 Auto select article(s) with a  single  key  [after  confirma-
                 tion].  The  defaults  used  for selection are based upon the
                 following   four   tinrc   config   variables:   default_fil-
                 ter_select_case,  default_filter_select_expire,  default_fil-
                 ter_select_global and default_filter_select_header.  Read the
                 section  "GLOBAL  OPTIONS  MENU  AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARI-
                 ABLES" for a full explanation of these variables and "FILTER-
                 ING ARTICLES" for more information on filtering.

       QuickFilterKill ']'
                 Kill  article(s)  with a single key [after confirmation]. The
                 defaults used for killing are based upon the  following  four
                 tinrc     config     variables:     default_filter_kill_case,
                 default_filter_kill_expire,  default_filter_kill_global   and
                 default_filter_kill_header.  Read the section "GLOBAL OPTIONS
                 MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES" for a full explanation
                 of these variables and "FILTERING ARTICLES" for more informa-
                 tion on filtering.

       GroupReadBasenote '^J' '<CR>'
                 Read current article.

       GroupNextUnreadArtOrGrp '<TAB>'
                 View next unread article or group.

       SearchAuthF 'a'
                 Author forward search. This searches for articles with a spe-
                 cific ''From:'' line.

       SearchAuthB 'A'
                 Author  backward  search.  Otherwise,  see  SearchAuthF ('a')
                 above.

       SearchBody 'B'
                 Search the body of all articles in group (can be  slow).  You
                 can abort the search using Quit ('q').

       Catchup 'c'
                 Mark all articles as read [after confirmation] then return to
                 the group selection list. Move cursor to next group.

       CatchupNextUnread 'C'
                 Mark all articles as read [after confirmation] and enter  the
                 next group with unread news.

       GroupToggleSubjDisplay 'd'
                 Cycle  the  display  of  the  author through all the possible
                 options for the tinrc variable show_author.

       GroupCancel 'D'
                 Cancel (delete) or supersede (overwrite) the current article.
                 It must have been posted by the same user. The cancel message
                 can be seen in the newsgroup 'control' or 'control.cancel'.

       EditFilter 'E'
                 Edit the filter file and reload it afterwards.

       GroupGoto 'g'
                 Choose a new group by name.  This  command  can  be  used  to
                 access any group, even those not currently yanked in.

       GroupToggleGetartLimit 'G'
                 Toggle article/group limit.

       ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                 Display  the  subject  of  the  first  article in the current
                 thread in the last line.

       ToggleInverseVideo 'I'
                 Toggle inverse video.

       GroupMarkThdRead 'K'
                 Mark article/thread as read and move  onto  the  next  unread
                 article/thread.  If  a  range of articles/threads is set, the
                 range will be marked as read instead  of  the  current  arti-
                 cle/thread.  When  tagged  articles/threads  are  present,  a
                 prompt asks how to proceed.

       GroupListThd 'l'
                 Open the thread under the current cursor position.

       LookupMessage 'L'
                 Look up article by ''Message-ID:''.

       GroupMail 'm'
                 Mail current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to someone. See
                 the section "MAILING PIPING  PRINTING  REPOSTING  AND  SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       OptionMenu 'M'
                 User configurable options menu (for more information see sec-
                 tion "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES").

       GroupNextGroup 'n'
                 Go to next group.

       GroupNextUnreadArt 'N'
                 Go to next unread article.

       Print 'o' Send  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to printer. See
                 the  section  "MAILING  PIPING  PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       GroupPrevGroup 'p'
                 Go to previous group.

       GroupPrevUnreadArt 'P'
                 Go to previous unread article.

       Quit 'q'  Return to previous level.

       QuitTin 'Q'
                 Quit tin - don't ask the user to confirm.

       GroupToggleReadUnread 'r'
                 Toggle the display between all articles and unread  articles.

       BugReport 'R'
                 Mail  a  bug report or comment to <tin-bugs@tin.org>. This is
                 the  best  way   of   getting   bugs   fixed   and   features
                 added/changed.

       GroupSave 's'
                 Save  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles. See  the  sec-
                 tion  "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING ARTICLES"
                 for more information.

       GroupAutoSave 'S'
                 Save marked articles automatically without further prompting.

       GroupTag 't'
                 Toggle  tag-status  of current article / thread for GroupMail
                 ('m') / Pipe ('|') / Print ('o') / GroupSave ('s') / GroupRe-
                 post ('x').

       GroupTagParts 'T'
                 Automatically  tag  in  order  all  the  parts of the current
                 multi-part message.

       GroupToggleThreading 'u'
                 Cycle the threading mode through no threading,  threading  by
                 subject,  threading  by references, threading on both subject
                 and  references,  group  multipart  articles  into  a  thread
                 (''Subject:'' based).

       GroupUntag 'U'
                 Untag all articles that were tagged.

       Post 'w'  Post  an  article to current group. If posting fails for some
                 reason, you'll get the chance to edit the article  again  via
                 PostEdit  ('e'), postpone it via PostPostpone ('o') for later
                 processing (see also ''-o'' command-line switch)  or  discard
                 it via Quit ('q').

       GroupRepost 'x'
                 Repost  an  already  posted  article / thread / auto-selected
                 (hot) articles / articles matching pattern / tagged  articles
                 to  another newsgroup(s). Useful for reposting from global to
                 local newsgroups. Do not use  this  to  cross-post  your  own
                 articles.

       GroupMarkUnselArtRead 'X'
                 Mark all unread articles that have not been selected as read,
                 redraw screen to reflect changes and put index at  the  first
                 thread  to  begin  reading.   Pressing  GroupMarkUnselArtRead
                 ('X') again will toggle back to the way it  was  before.  See
                 GroupUndoSel  ('~')  command  for clearing the toggle effect,
                 leaving the group will also clear the toggle effect and  make
                 the changes permanent.

       MarkArtUnread 'z'
                 Mark current article as unread.

       MarkThdUnread 'Z'
                 Mark  current thread as unread. If a range of threads is set,
                 the range will be marked as unread  instead  of  the  current
                 thread. When tagged threads are present, a prompt asks how to
                 proceed.

   THREAD LISTING COMMANDS
       4         Select article 4 within thread.

       MenuFilterSelect '^A'
                 Auto select article(s) using a menu. Read the  section  "FIL-
                 TERING ARTICLES" for more information.

       MenuFilterKill '^K'
                 Kill  article(s)  using  a  menu. Read the section "FILTERING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       MarkFeedRead '^X'
                 Mark current  article,  thread,  range,  auto-selected  (hot)
                 articles,  articles  matching  pattern  or tagged articles as
                 read. A prompt asks which type should be marked.

       MarkFeedUnread '^W'
                 Mark current  article,  thread,  range,  auto-selected  (hot)
                 articles,  articles  matching  pattern  or tagged articles as
                 unread. A prompt asks which type should be marked.

       SetRange '#'
                 Choose a range of articles to be affected by  the  next  com-
                 mand. See the section "RANGES" for more information.

       LastViewed '-'
                 Re-enter the last message that was viewed.

       SearchRepeat '\'
                 Repeat the previous search.

       SearchSubjF '/'
                 Search forward for a specified subject.

       SearchSubjB '?'
                 Search backwards for a specified subject.

       ThreadSelArt '*'
                 Select the current thread for later processing.

       ThreadToggleArtSel '.'
                 Toggle selection of current article.

       ThreadReverseSel '@'
                 Reverse article selections.

       ThreadUndoSel '~'
                 Undo all selections on current thread.

       Pipe '|'  Pipe  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles  into  command.
                 See the section "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       ThreadReadArt '^J' '<CR>'
                 Read current article within thread.

       ThreadReadNextArtOrThread '<TAB>'
                 View next unread article within thread.

       SearchAuthF 'a'
                 Author forward search. This searches for articles with a spe-
                 cific ''From:'' line. The search will wrap over into the next
                 thread if nothing is found in the current one.

       SearchAuthB 'A'
                 Author backward  search.  Otherwise,  see  SearchAuthF  ('a')
                 above.

       SearchBody 'B'
                 Search  the  body of all articles in group (can be slow). You
                 can abort the search using Quit ('q').

       Catchup 'c'
                 Mark thread as read [after confirmation] and  return  to  the
                 group index page.  Move cursor to next thread.

       CatchupNextUnread 'C'
                 Mark  thread  as read [after confirmation] and enter the next
                 thread containing unread news.

       ThreadToggleSubjDisplay 'd'
                 Cycle the display of the  author  through  all  the  possible
                 options for the tinrc variable show_author.

       ThreadCancel 'D'
                 Cancel (delete) or supersede (overwrite) the current article.
                 It must have been posted by the same user. The cancel message
                 can be seen in the newsgroup 'control' or 'control.cancel'.

       EditFilter 'E'
                 Edit the filter file and reload it afterwards.

       ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                 Display  the subject of the current article in the last line.

       ToggleInverseVideo 'I'
                 Toggle inverse video.

       ThreadMarkArtRead 'K'
                 Mark article as read and move onto the next  unread  article.
                 If  a  range  of articles is set, the range will be marked as
                 read instead of the current article. When tagged articles are
                 present, a prompt asks how to proceed.

       LookupMessage 'L'
                 Look up article by ''Message-ID:''.

       ThreadMail 'm'
                 Mail  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to someone. See
                 the  section  "MAILING  PIPING  PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       Print 'o' Send current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to printer. See
                 the section "MAILING PIPING  PRINTING  REPOSTING  AND  SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       Quit 'q'  Return to previous level.

       QuitTin 'Q'
                 Quit tin - don't ask the user to confirm.

       BugReport 'R'
                 Mail  a  bug report or comment to <tin-bugs@tin.org>. This is
                 the  best  way   of   getting   bugs   fixed   and   features
                 added/changed.

       ThreadSave 's'
                 Save  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles. See  the  sec-
                 tion  "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING ARTICLES"
                 for more information.

       ThreadAutoSave 'S'
                 Save marked articles automatically without further prompting.

       ThreadTag 't'
                 Toggle  tag  status  of  current article for mailing, piping,
                 printing, saving or reposting.

       ThreadUntag 'U'
                 Untag all tagged threads.

       Post 'w'  Post an article to current group. If posting fails  for  some
                 reason,  you'll  get the chance to edit the article again via
                 PostEdit ('e'), postpone it for later  processing  via  Post-
                 Postpone  ('o') (see also ''-o'' command-line switch) or dis-
                 card it via Quit ('q').

       MarkArtUnread 'z'
                 Mark current article in thread as unread. If a range of arti-
                 cles  is  set,  the range will be marked as unread instead of
                 the current article. When  tagged  articles  are  present,  a
                 prompt asks how to proceed.

       MarkThdUnread 'Z'
                 Mark all articles in thread as unread.

   ARTICLE VIEWER COMMANDS
       0         Read the first (base) article in this thread.

       4         Read response 4 in this thread.

       MenuFilterSelect '^A'
                 Auto  select  article(s) using a menu. Read the section "FIL-
                 TERING ARTICLES" for more information.

       PageReplyQuoteHeaders '^E'
                 Reply through mail to the author of the current article  with
                 a copy of the article with all headers included.

       PagePGPCheckArticle '^G'
                 Perform pgp(1) operations on article.

       PageToggleRaw '^H'
                 Toggles  the  display  mode  (raw  including  all headers vs.
                 cooked).

       MenuFilterKill '^K'
                 Kill article(s) using a menu.  Read  the  section  "FILTERING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       PageToggleTabs '^T'
                 Toggle the TAB width between 4 and 8 characters.

       PageFollowupQuoteHeaders '^W'
                 Post  a  followup  to  the current article with a copy of the
                 article with all headers included.

       PageToggleTex2iso '"'
                 Toggle TeX to ISO decoding for current article.  The  default
                 behavior is taken from the tex2iso_conv variable in the tinrc
                 file.

       PageToggleAllHeaders '*'
                 Toggles the display of all headers vs. headers in  news_head-
                 ers_to_display.

       PageToggleRot '%'
                 Toggle ROT-13 decoding for this article.

       PageToggleUue '('
                 Toggle  the display of uuencoded sections. The default behav-
                 ior is taken from the hide_uue variable in the tinrc file.

       PageReveal ')'
                 The formfeed character (^L) is often used to hide  'spoilers'
                 that the reader may not initially wish to see when viewing an
                 article. Any text after a formfeed  is  not  displayed.  This
                 key-press  acts  like  a reveal key and turns the hidden text
                 back on. Scrolling down will also reveal the text,  scrolling
                 up will hide it again.

       LastViewed '-'
                 Re-enter the last message that was viewed.

       SearchRepeat '\'
                 Repeat the previous search.

       SearchSubjF '/'
                 Forward search the text of this article.

       SearchSubjB '?'
                 Backward search the text of this article.

       PageSkipIncludedText ':'
                 Skip  to  the end of the next quoted text-block in this arti-
                 cle. Quoted text is  everything  which  matches  quote_regex,
                 quote_regex2 or quote_regex3.

       PageTopThd '<'
                 Go to the first article in the current thread.

       PageBotThd '>'
                 Go to the last article in the current thread.

       PageToggleHighlight '_'
                 Toggle word highlighting on/off.

       Pipe '|'  Pipe  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles  into  command.
                 See the section "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       QuickFilterSelect '['
                 Auto select article(s) with a single key. The  defaults  used
                 for  selection  are  set  based upon the following four tinrc
                 config  variables:  default_filter_select_case,  default_fil-
                 ter_select_expire,      default_filter_select_global      and
                 default_filter_select_header Read the section "GLOBAL OPTIONS
                 MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES" for a full explanation
                 of these variables and "FILTERING ARTICLES" for more informa-
                 tion on filtering.

       QuickFilterKill ']'
                 Kill  article(s)  with  a  single  key. The defaults used for
                 killing are based upon the following four tinrc config  vari-
                 ables:  default_filter_kill_case, default_filter_kill_expire,
                 default_filter_kill_global  and   default_filter_kill_header.
                 Read  the section "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE
                 VARIABLES" for a full  explanation  of  these  variables  and
                 "FILTERING ARTICLES" for more information on filtering.

       PageNextThd '^J' '<CR>'
                 Go to next base article.

       PageNextUnread '<TAB>'
                 Go   to   next   unread   article.   If  the  tinrc  variable
                 goto_next_unread doesn't contain  PageNextUnread,  then  this
                 key will first page through the current article.

       SearchAuthF 'a'
                 Author forward search.

       SearchAuthB 'A'
                 Author backward search.

       SearchBody 'B'
                 Search  the  body of all articles in group (can be slow). You
                 can abort the search using Quit ('q').

       Catchup 'c'
                 Mark the current thread  as  read  [after  confirmation]  and
                 return to the previous menu. Move cursor to next item.

       CatchupNextUnread 'C'
                 Mark  the rest of the current thread as read [after confirma-
                 tion] and enter the next thread with unread articles.

       PageCancel 'D'
                 Cancel (delete) or supersede (overwrite) the current article.
                 It must have been posted by the same user. The cancel message
                 can be seen in the newsgroup 'control' or 'control.cancel'.

       PageEditArticle 'e'
                 Edit the current article. This is  restricted  to  mailgroups
                 and saved news.

       EditFilter 'E'
                 Edit the filter file and reload it afterwards.

       PageFollowupQuote 'f'
                 Post  a  followup  to  the current article with a copy of the
                 article included.

       PageFollowup 'F'
                 Post a followup to the current article  without  including  a
                 copy of the article.

       PageFirstPage 'g'
                 Go to the start of the article.

       PageLastPage 'G'
                 Go to the end of the article.

       ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                 Display  the subject of the current article in the last line.

       ToggleInverseVideo 'I'
                 Toggle inverse video.

       PageKillThd 'K'
                 Mark rest of thread as read and move  onto  the  next  unread
                 thread.

       PageListThd 'l'
                 Show the thread menu that the current article is a part of.

       LookupMessage 'L'
                 Look up article by ''Message-ID:''.

       PageMail 'm'
                 Mail  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to someone. See
                 the  section  "MAILING  PIPING  PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       OptionMenu 'M'
                 User configurable options menu (for more information see sec-
                 tion "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES").

       PageNextArt 'n'
                 Go to the next article.

       PageNextUnreadArt 'N'
                 Go to the next unread article.

       Print 'o' Send current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to printer. See
                 the section "MAILING PIPING  PRINTING  REPOSTING  AND  SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       PagePrevArt 'p'
                 Go to the previous article.

       PagePrevUnreadArt 'P'
                 Go to the previous unread article.

       Quit 'q'  Return to the previous level.

       QuitTin 'Q'
                 Quit tin - don't ask the user to confirm.

       PageReplyQuote 'r'
                 Reply  through mail to the author of the current article with
                 a copy of the article included.

       PageReply 'R'
                 Reply through mail to the author of the current article with-
                 out including the original article.

       PageSave 's'
                 Save  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles. See  the  sec-
                 tion  "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING ARTICLES"
                 for more information.

       PageAutoSave 'S'
                 Save marked articles automatically without further prompting.

       PageTag 't'
                 Toggle  tag  status  of  current article for mailing, piping,
                 printing, saving or reposting.

       PageGroupSel 'T'
                 Return to group selection level.

       PageGotoParent 'u'
                 Go to parent article.

       PageViewUrl 'U'
                 Display a list of URLs in the current article. See  the  sec-
                 tion "URL LISTING" for more information.

       PageViewAttach 'V'
                 Display a list of attachments of the current article. See the
                 section "ATTACHMENT LISTING" for more information.

       Post 'w'  Post an article to the current group. If  posting  fails  for
                 some  reason, you'll get the chance to edit the article again
                 via PostEdit ('e'), postpone  it  for  later  processing  via
                 PostPostpone  ('o')  (see also ''-o'' command-line switch) or
                 discard it via Quit ('q').

       PageRepost 'x'
                 Repost an already posted article  /  thread  /  auto-selected
                 (hot)  articles / articles matching pattern / tagged articles
                 to another newsgroup(s). Useful for reposting from global  to
                 local newsgroups. Do not use this to crosspost your own arti-
                 cles.

       MarkArtUnread 'z'
                 Mark article as unread.

       MarkThdUnread 'Z'
                 Mark the current thread as unread.

   URL LISTING
       PageViewUrl ('U') displays a list  of  URLs  in  the  current  article.
       Besides the common moving keys, the following commands are available:

           UrlSelect '^J' '<CR>'
                     The  current  URL  will  be prompted and opened using the
                     url_handler. '<ESC>' or no input will skip the URL.

           SearchSubjF '/'
                     URL forward search.

           SearchSubjB '?'
                     URL backward search.

           SearchRepeat '\'
                     Repeat the previous search.

           ShellEscape '!'
                     Shell escape.

           ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                     Toggle the display of the current URL in the last line.

           Help 'h'  Help screen of commands available.

           ToggleHelpDisplay 'H'
                     Toggle the display of help mini menu at the bottom of the
                     screen.

   ATTACHMENT LISTING
       PageViewAttach  ('V')  displays  a  list  of attachments of the current
       article. Besides the common moving keys,  the  following  commands  are
       available:

           AttachPipe 'p'
                     Pipe attachment into command.

           AttachSave 's'
                     Save current attachment / tagged attachments to disk.

           AttachSelect '^J' '<CR>'
                     View attachment.

           AttachTag 't'
                     Tag one or more attachments for saving.

           AttachTagPattern '='
                     Prompts  for  a  pattern  to match. All attachments whose
                     name/description or content type/transfer encoding  match
                     the pattern will be tagged.

           AttachToggleTagged '@'
                     Reverse tagging of all attachments.

           AttachUntag 'U'
                     Untag all tagged attachments.

           SearchSubjF '/'
                     Attachment forward search.

           SearchSubjB '?'
                     Attachment backward search.

           SearchRepeat '\'
                     Repeat the previous search.

           GlobalPipe '|'
                     Pipe attachment into command. Uses the raw attachment, no
                     decoding is done.

           ShellEscape '!'
                     Shell escape.

           ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                     Toggle the display of the name/description of the current
                     attachment in the last line.

           Help 'h'  Help screen of commands available.

           ToggleHelpDisplay 'H'
                     Toggle the display of help mini menu at the bottom of the
                     screen.

   GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES
       At startup, tin reads in the configuration  files  (see  also  tin(5)).
       They  contain a list of variables that can be used to configure the way
       tin works. If it exists,  the  global  configuration  file,  ${TIN_LIB-
       DIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/tinrc  is  read. After that, the user's own configura-
       tion file is read from ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc.  The  global
       file  is  useful for distributing system-wide defaults to new users who
       have no private tinrc yet.

       The  variables   are   user   configurable   by   editing   ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc  directly. Most of them can also be set in the
       GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU which is accessed by pressing OptionMenu  ('M')  at
       all  levels.  It  allows the user to customize the behavior of tin. The
       options are saved to the file  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc  when
       you exit tin so don't edit the file directly whilst tin is running.

       In  the  options  menu  use  the  cursor  keys in the usual way to move
       around. Use ConfigSelect ('^J' or '<CR>') to 'open' the option you wish
       to  change. You will need to enter a new value or use '<SPACE>' to tog-
       gle the available  options.  ConfigSelect  will  save  the  new  value,
       '<ESC>' will abort without saving changes.

       As  with  the other menus, RedrawScr ('^L') will redraw the screen. You
       can use SearchSubjF ('/'), SearchSubjB ('?') and SearchRepeat ('\')  to
       search  for  a  specific option. Use Quit ('q') to exit the option menu
       and keep your changes. Use QuitTin ('Q') to exit without  keeping  your
       changes.

       The options menu provides access to the attributes menu for the current
       group by the ConfigToggleAttrib ('<TAB>') command. Pressing  ConfigTog-
       gleAttrib  again toggles back to the options menu. For more information
       see section "ATTRIBUTES MENU AND GROUP ATTRIBUTES".

       The ConfigScopeMenu ('S') command brings up the scopes menu.  For  more
       information see section "SCOPES MENU".

       Here  is a full list of all the available variables. The name in braces
       is   the   name   of   the   corresponding   setting   in   ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc.

       Abbreviate long newsgroup names (abbreviate_groupname)
           If  ON abbreviate long newsgroup names at group selection level and
           article level (if necessary) like  this:  news.software.readers  ->
           n.software.readers -> n.s.readers -> n.s.r.  Default is OFF.

       Add posted articles to filter (add_posted_to_filter)
           If  ON  add  posted articles which start a new thread to filter for
           highlighting follow-ups. Default is ON.

       Insert 'User-Agent:'-header (advertising)
           Turn ON advertising in header (''User-Agent:''). Default is ON.

       Skip multipart/alternative parts (alternative_handling)
           If ON strip multipart/alternative messages  automatically.  Default
           is ON.

       Character to show deleted articles (art_marked_deleted)
           The  character used to show that an article was deleted. Default is
           'D'.

       Character to show inrange articles (art_marked_inrange)
           The character used to show that an article is in a  range.  Default
           is '#'.

       Character to show returning arts (art_marked_return)
           The character used to show that an article will return as an unread
           article when the group is next entered. Default is '-'.

       Character to show selected articles (art_marked_selected)
           The character used to show that an article/thread is  auto-selected
           (hot).  Default is '*'.

       Character to show recent articles (art_marked_recent)
           The  character  used  to show that an article/thread is recent (not
           older than X days). See also recent_time. Default is 'o'.

       Character to show unread articles (art_marked_unread)
           The character used to show that  an  article  has  not  been  read.
           Default is '+'.

       Character to show read articles (art_marked_read)
           The  character  used to show that an article was read. Default is '
           '.

       Character to show killed articles (art_marked_killed)
           The character used to show that an article was killed.  Default  is
           'K'.  kill_level must be set accordingly.

       Character to show read selected arts (art_marked_read_selected)
           The  character  used  to show that an article was hot before it was
           read.  Default is ':'. kill_level must be set accordingly.

       Ask before using MIME viewer (ask_for_metamail)
           If ON tin will ask before using a MIME  viewer  (metamail_prog)  to
           display  MIME  messages.  This only occurs if a MIME viewer is set.
           Default is OFF.

       Send you a cc and/or bcc automatically (auto_cc_bcc)
           Automatically put your name in the ''Cc:''  and/or  ''Bcc:''  field
           when mailing an article. Default is No.

       List thread using right arrow key (auto_list_thread)
           If  ON automatically list thread when entering it using right arrow
           key.  Default is ON.

       Reconnect to server automatically (auto_reconnect)
           Default is OFF.

       Use Archive-name: header for save (auto_save)
           If ON articles/threads with ''Archive-name:''  in  header  will  be
           automatically  saved with the Archive-name & part/patch no and post
           processed if post_process_type is set to something other than 'No'.
           Default is OFF.

       Save articles in batch mode (batch_save)
           If  set  ON  articles/threads will be saved in batch mode when save
           ''-S'' or mail ''-M, -N'' is specified on the command line. Default
           is ON.

       Show mini menu & posting etiquette (beginner_level)
           If set ON a mini menu of the most useful commands will be displayed
           at the bottom of the screen for each level. Also  a  short  posting
           etiquette  will be displayed after composing an article. Default is
           ON.

       Cache NNTP overview files locally (cache_overview_files)
           If ON, create local copies of NNTP overview files. This can be used
           to  considerably  speed up accessing large groups when using a slow
           connection.  See also "INDEX FILES". Default is OFF.

       Catchup read groups when quitting (catchup_read_groups)
           If set ON the user is asked when quitting if all groups read during
           the current session should be marked read. Default is OFF.

       Standard background color (col_back)
           Standard background color

       Color of sender (From:) (col_from)
           Color of sender (From:)

       Color of article header lines (col_head)
           Color of header-lines

       Color of help text (col_help)
           Color of help pages

       Color for inverse text (background) (col_invers_bg)
           Color of background for inverse text

       Color for inverse text (foreground) (col_invers_fg)
           Color of foreground for inverse text

       Color of highlighting with _dash_ (col_markdash)
           Color  of  words  emphasized  like  _this_.  See  also  word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Color of highlighting with /slash/ (col_markslash)
           Color  of  words  emphasized  like  /this/.  See  also  word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Color of highlighting with *stars* (col_markstar)
           Color  of  words  emphasized  like  *this*.  See  also  word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Color of highlighting with -stroke- (col_markstroke)
           Color  of  words  emphasized  like  -this-.  See  also  word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Color of mini help menu (col_minihelp)
           Color of mini help menu

       Color of actual news header fields (col_newsheaders)
           Color of actual news header fields

       Standard foreground color (col_normal)
           Standard foreground color

       Color of quoted lines (col_quote)
           Color of quoted lines

       Color of twice quoted line (col_quote2)
           Color of twice quoted lines

       Color of =>3 times quoted line (col_quote3)
           Color of >=3 times quoted lines

       Color of response counter (col_response)
           Color  of  response counter. This is the text that says "Response x
           of y" in the article viewer.

       Color of signatures (col_signature)
           Color of signatures

       Color of urls highlight (col_urls)
           Color of urls highlight

       Color of verbatim blocks (col_verbatim)
           Color of verbatim blocks

       Color of article subject lines (col_subject)
           Color of article subject

       Color of text lines (col_text)
           Color of text-lines

       Color of help/mail sign (col_title)
           Color of help/mail sign

       Which actions require confirmation (confirm_choice)
           Ask for manual confirmation to protect the user.

            o  commands Ask for confirmation before executing certain  danger-
               ous  commands (e.g., Catchup ('c')). Commands that this affects
               are marked in this manual with '[after confirmation]'.  Default
               is commands & quit.

            o  quit  You'll be asked to confirm that you wish to exit tin when
               you use the Quit ('q') command.

            o  select Ask for confirmation before  marking  all  not  selected
               (with GroupMarkUnselArtRead ('X') command) articles as read.

       Format string for display of dates (date_format)
           Format  string  tin  uses for date representation. A description of
           the different format options can be found at strftime(3).  tin uses
           strftime(3)  when available and supports most format options in his
           fallback code.  Default is "%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S".

       (default_art_search)

       (default_author_search)

       (default_config_search)
           The last article/author/config option that was searched for.

       (default_filter_days)
           Default is 28.

       (default_filter_kill_case)
           Default for quick (1 key) kill filter case.  ON = filter case  sen-
           sitive, OFF = ignore case. Default is OFF.

       (default_filter_kill_expire)
           Default  for  quick  (1  key)  kill  filter  expire.  ON = limit to
           default_filter_days, OFF = don't ever expire. Default is OFF.

       (default_filter_kill_global)
           Default for quick (1 key) kill  filter  global.   ON=apply  to  all
           groups, OFF=apply to current group. Default is ON.

       (default_filter_kill_header)
           Default for quick (1 key) kill filter header.

            0    ''Subject:'' (case sensitive)

            1    ''Subject:'' (ignore case)

            2    ''From:'' (case sensitive)

            3    ''From:'' (ignore case)

            4    ''Message-ID:'' & full ''References:'' line

            5    ''Message-ID:'' & last ''References:'' entry only

            6    ''Message-ID:'' entry only

            7    ''Lines:''

       (default_filter_select_case)
           Default  for  quick  (1  key) auto-selection filter case. ON=filter
           case sensitive, OFF=ignore case. Default is OFF.

       (default_filter_select_expire)
           Default for quick (1 key) auto-selection filter expire.  ON = limit
           to default_filter_days, OFF = don't ever expire.  Default is OFF.

       (default_filter_select_global)
           Default  for  quick (1 key) auto-selection filter global.  ON=apply
           to all groups OFF=apply to current group. Default is ON.

       (default_filter_select_header)
           Default for quick (1 key) auto-selection filter header.

            0    ''Subject:'' (case sensitive)

            1    ''Subject:'' (ignore case)

            2    ''From:'' (case sensitive)

            3    ''From:'' (ignore case)

            4    ''Message-ID:'' & full ''References:'' line

            5    ''Message-ID:'' & last ''References:'' entry only

            6    ''Message-ID:'' entry only

            7    ''Lines:''

       (default_goto_group)

       (default_group_search)

       (default_mail_address)

       (default_move_group)

       (default_pattern)

       (default_pipe_command)

       (default_post_newsgroups)

       (default_post_subject)

       (default_range_group)

       (default_range_select)

       (default_range_thread)

       (default_repost_group)

       (default_save_file)

       (default_save_mode)

       (default_select_pattern)

       (default_shell_command)

       (default_subject_search)

       Draw -> instead of highlighted bar (draw_arrow)
           Allows groups/articles to be selected by an arrow '->' if set ON or
           by an highlighted bar if set OFF. Default is OFF.

       Invocation of your editor (editor_format)
           The  format  string  used  to  create the editor start command with
           parameters.  Default is "%E +%N %F" (i.e., /bin/vi +7 .article).

       Force redraw after certain commands (force_screen_redraw)
           Specifies whether a screen redraw should always be done after  cer-
           tain external commands. Default is OFF.

       Number of articles to get (getart_limit)
           If  getart_limit  is  > 0 not more than getart_limit articles/group
           are fetched from the server. If getart_limit is < 0 tin will  start
           fetching  articles  from  your first unread minus absolute value of
           getart_limit. Default is 0, which means no limit.

       Catchup group using left key (group_catchup_on_exit)
           If ON catchup group when leaving with the left arrow  key.  Default
           is ON.

       Format string for the Group level (group_format)
           Format string tin uses for Group level representation. See the sec-
           tion    "CUSTOMIZING    THE    SCREEN    FORMAT".    Default     is
           "%n %m %R %L  %s  %F".

       Go to the next unread article with (goto_next_unread)
           Which  keys  tin  should accept to jump to the next unread article.
           Possible is any combination of PageDown and  PageNextUnread.   When
           PageDown  is  set  tin  jumps to the next article at the end of the
           current one. When PageNextUnread is set tin  jumps  immediately  to
           the  next article when PageNextUnread ('<TAB>') is pressed. Default
           is PageNextUnread.

       Max. length of group names shown (groupname_max_length)
           Maximum length of the names of newsgroups to be displayed  so  that
           more  of the newsgroup description can be displayed. Default is 32.

       Display uue data as an attachment (hide_uue)
           If set to 'No' then raw uuencoded data  is  displayed.  If  set  to
           'Yes'  then  sections of uuencoded data will be shown with a single
           tag line showing the size and filename (much the  same  as  a  MIME
           attachment).  If  set  to  'Hide all' then any line that looks like
           uuencoded data will be folded into a tag line.  This is useful when
           uuencoded  data  is split across more than one article but can also
           lead to false positives. This setting can also be  toggled  in  the
           article viewer. Default is 'No'.

       External inews (inews_prog)
           Path,  name  and  options of external inews(1).  If you are reading
           via NNTP the default value is --internal (use built-in NNTP inews),
           else it is "inews -h". The article is passed to inews_prog on STDIN
           via '< article'.

       (info_in_last_line)
           If ON, show current group description or  article  subject  in  the
           last  line  (not in the pager and global menu) - ToggleInfoLastLine
           ('i') toggles setting. This facility is useful as the full width of
           the screen is available to display long subjects. Default is OFF.

       Use interactive mail reader (interactive_mailer)
           Interactive  mailreader:  if greater than 0 your mailreader will be
           invoked earlier for reply so you can use more of its features (e.g.
           MIME,  pgp,  ...).  1  means include headers, 2 means don't include
           headers (old use_mailreader_i=ON option). 0 turns off  usage.  This
           option has to suit mailer_format. Default is 0.

       Use inverse video for page headers (inverse_okay)
           If  ON  use  inverse  video  for page headers and URL highlighting.
           Default is ON.

       Keep failed arts in ~/dead.articles (keep_dead_articles)
           If    ON    keep    all    failed    postings    in     ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/dead.articles besides keeping the last failed posting
           in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/dead.article. Default is ON.

       Filter which articles (kill_level)
           This option controls the processing and display  of  articles  that
           are killed.  There are 3 options:

            0  Kill  only  unread  arts  is the 'traditional' behavior of tin.
               Only unread articles are killed once only by marking them read.
               As  filtering  only  happens on unread articles with kill_level
               set to 0, art_marked_killed  and  art_marked_read_selected  are
               only  shown  once.  When you reenter the group the mark will be
               gone.

            1  Kill all arts & show with K will process all  articles  in  the
               group  and  therefore there is a processing overhead when using
               this option. Killed articles are threaded as  normal  but  they
               will be marked with art_marked_killed.

            2  Kill  all  arts and never show will process all articles in the
               group and therefore there is a processing overhead  when  using
               this  option.  Killed articles simply does not get displayed at
               all.
       Default is 0 (Kill only unread arts).

       Use 8bit characters in mail headers (mail_8bit_header)
           Allows 8bit characters unencoded in the  header  of  mail  message.
           Default is OFF. Turning it ON is effective only if mail_mime_encod-
           ing is also set to 8bit. Leaving it OFF is safe for most users  and
           compliant  to  Internet  Mail  Standard  (RFC5322   and  RFC2047 ).
           Default is OFF.

       Mail address (mail_address)
           User's mail address (and full name), if not username@host. This  is
           used  when creating articles, sending mail and when pgp(1) signing.

       MIME encoding in mail messages (mail_mime_encoding)
           MIME encoding of the body in  mail  message,  if  necessary  (8bit,
           base64, quoted-printable, 7bit). Default is quoted-printable.

       Quote line when mailing (mail_quote_format)
           Format  of  quote  line  when  replying  (via  mail)  to an article
           (%A=Address, %D=Date,  %F=Fullname+Address,  %G=Groupname,  %M=Mes-
           sage-ID,  %N=Fullname,  %C=Firstname,  %I=Initials). Default is "In
           article %M you wrote:"

       Format of the mailbox (mailbox_format)
           Select one of the following mailbox-formats: MBOXO (default, except
           on  SCO),  MBOXRD or MMDF (default on SCO). See mbox(5) and RFC4155
           for more details on MBOXO and MBOXRD and mmdf(5) for  more  details
           about MMDF.

       Mail directory (maildir)
           The  directory  where  articles/threads  are to be saved in mbox(5)
           format. This feature is mainly for use with the  elm(1)  mail  pro-
           gram.  It allows the user to save articles/threads/groups simply by
           giving '=' as the filename to  save  to.   Default  is  ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail.

       Invocation of your mail command (mailer_format)
           The format string used to create the mailer command with parameters
           that is used for mailing articles to other people. Default  is  '%M
           "%T" < %F' (e.g., /bin/mail "iain" < .article). The flexible format
           allows other mailers with different command-line parameters  to  be
           used  such  as  'elm  -s  "%S" "%T" < "%F"' (e.g., elm -s "subject"
           "iain" < .article) or 'sendmail -oi -oem -t <  %F'  (e.g.  sendmail
           -oi -oem -t < .article).

       'Mark as (un)read' ignores tags (mark_ignore_tags)
           When  this  is  ON,  the  GroupMarkThdRead ('K'), ThreadMarkArtRead
           ('K'), MarkThdUnread ('Z') at Group level and  MarkArtUnread  ('z')
           at  Thread level functions mark just the current article or thread,
           ignoring other tagged, (un)read articles. When OFF, the same  func-
           tion presents a menu with choices of the current thread or article,
           all tagged, unread articles, or nothing.

       Mark saved articles/threads as read (mark_saved_read)
           If ON mark articles that are saved as read. Default is ON.

       Viewer program for MIME articles (metamail_prog)
           Path, name and options of external metamail(1) program used to view
           non-textual  parts of articles.  To use the built-in viewer, set to
           --internal. This is the  default  value  when  metamail(1)  is  not
           installed.  Leave  it blank if you don't want any automatic viewing
           of non-textual attachments. The 'V' command can always be  used  to
           manually view any attachments.  See also ask_for_metamail.

       MM_CHARSET (mm_charset)
           Charset  supported  locally,  which  is  also  used for MIME header
           (charset parameter and charset name in header encoding) in mail and
           news  postings.  If MIME_STRICT_CHARSET is defined at compile time,
           text in charset other than the value of this parameter  is  consid-
           ered not displayable and represented as '?'. Otherwise, all charac-
           ter sets are regarded as compatible with the display. If  it's  not
           set, the value of the environment variable $MM_CHARSET is used. US-
           ASCII or compile-time default is used in case neither  of  them  is
           defined.  If your system supports iconv(3), this option is disabled
           and you should use mm_network_charset instead.

       MM_NETWORK_CHARSET (mm_network_charset)
           Charset used for posting and  MIME  headers;  replaces  mm_charset.
           Conversion between mm_network_charset and local charset (determined
           via nl_langinfo(3)) is done via iconv(3), if this function  is  not
           available  on  your  system this option is disabled and you have to
           use mm_charset instead. mm_network_charset is limited to one of the
           following charsets:
              US-ASCII, ISO-8859-{1,2,3,4,5,7,9,10,13,14,15,16}, KOI8-{R,U,RU}
              EUC-{CN,JP,KR,TW},   ISO-2022-{CN,CN-EXT,JP,JP-1,JP-2},    Big5,
              UTF-8
           Not  all  values  might  work on your system, see iconv_open(3) for
           more details. If it's not set, the value of the  environment  vari-
           able  $MM_CHARSET is used. US-ASCII or compile-time default is used
           in case neither of them is defined.

       Attribute of highlighting with _dash_ (mono_markdash)
           Character attribute of words emphasized like _this_. It depends  on
           your  terminal  which  attributes  are usable. See also word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Attribute of highlighting with /slash/ (mono_markslash)
           Character attribute of words emphasized like /this/. It depends  on
           your  terminal  which  attributes  are usable. See also word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Attribute of highlighting with *stars* (mono_markstar)
           Character attribute of words emphasized like *this*. It depends  on
           your  terminal  which  attributes  are usable. See also word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Attribute of highlighting with -stroke- (mono_markstroke)
           Character attribute of words emphasized like -this-. It depends  on
           your  terminal  which  attributes  are usable. See also word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       (newnews)
           These are internal timers used by tin to keep track  of  new  news-
           groups.   Do  not  change  them unless you understand what they are
           for.

       Display these header fields (or *) (news_headers_to_display)
           Which news headers you wish to see. If you want to  see  _all_  the
           headers,  place  an '*' as this value. This is the only way a wild-
           card can be used.  If you enter 'X-' as the value, you will see all
           headers  beginning  with 'X-' (like X-Alan or X-Pape). You can list
           more than one by delimiting  with  spaces.  Not  defining  anything
           turns off this option.

       Do not display these header fields (news_headers_to_not_display)
           Same  as news_headers_to_display except it denotes the opposite. An
           example of using both options might be if you  thought  X-  headers
           were A Good Thing(tm), but thought Alan and Pape were miscreants...
           well then you would do something  like  this:  news_headers_to_dis-
           play=X-  news_headers_to_not_display=X-Alan  X-Pape.   Not defining
           anything turns off this option.

       Quote line when following up (news_quote_format)
           Format  of  quote  line  when  posting/following  up   an   article
           (%A=Address,  %D=Date,  %F=Fullname+Address,  %G=Groupname, %M=Mes-
           sage-ID, %N=Fullname, %C=Firstname, %I=Initials).  Default  is  "%F
           wrote:".

       NNTP read timeout in seconds (nntp_read_timeout_secs)
           Time  in seconds to wait for a response from the server. Default is
           120.  Setting this to 0 means no timeout.

       Unicode normalization form (normalization_form)
           The normalization form tin should use to normalize  unicode  input.
           The possible values are:

            0  None: no normalization

            1  NFKC: Compatibility Decomposition, followed by Canonical Compo-
               sition

            2  NFKD: Compatibility Decomposition

            3  NFC: Canonical Decomposition, followed by Canonical Composition

            4  NFD: Canonical Decomposition
       Some  normalization  modes  are only available if they are supported by
       the library tin uses to do the normalization. NFC  should  be  used  if
       possible.

       Go to first unread article in group (pos_first_unread)
           If ON put cursor at first unread article in group otherwise at last
           article. Default is ON.

       Use 8bit characters in news headers (post_8bit_header)
           Allows 8bit characters unencoded in the header of a  news  article,
           if  set this also disables the generation of MIME-headers when they
           are  usually  required.   Default   is   OFF.   Only   enacted   if
           post_mime_encoding  is also set to 8bit. In a number of local hier-
           archies where 8bit characters are used, using unencoded (raw)  8bit
           characters  in  header is acceptable and sometimes even recommended
           so that you need to check the convention adopted in the local hier-
           archy  of  your  interest  to  determine  what  to do with this and
           post_mime_encoding.

       MIME encoding in news messages (post_mime_encoding)
           MIME encoding of the body in news  message,  if  necessary.  (8bit,
           base64, quoted-printable, 7bit). Default is 8bit, which leads to no
           encoding. base64 and  quoted-printable  are  usually  undesired  on
           usenet.

       View post-processed files (post_process_view)
           If ON, then tin will start an appropriate viewer program to display
           any files that were post processed and uudecoded.  The  program  is
           determined using the mailcap(5) file. Default is ON.

       Post process saved articles (post_process_type)
           This  specifies  whether  to perform post processing on saved arti-
           cles.  The following values are allowed:

            0  No (default), no post processing is done.

            1  Shell archives, unpacking of multi-part shar(1) files only.

            2  Yes, binary attachments and data will be decoded and saved.

       Filename to be used for storing posted articles (posted_articles_file)
           Keep posted articles  in  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail/posted_arti-
           cles_file.   If no filename is set then postings will not be saved.
           Default is 'posted'.

       Print all headers when printing (print_header)
           If ON, then the full article header is sent to the printer.  Other-
           wise only the ''Subject:'' and ''From:'' fields are output. Default
           is OFF.

       Printer program with options (printer)
           The printer program with options that is to be used to print  arti-
           cles.   The  default  is lpr(1) for BSD machines and lp(1) for SysV
           machines. Printing from tin may have been disabled  by  the  System
           Administrator.

       Process only unread articles (process_only_unread)
           If  ON  only  save/print/pipe/mail unread articles (tagged articles
           excepted).  Default is OFF.

       Show empty Followup-To in editor (prompt_followupto)
           If ON show empty ''Followup-To:'' header when editing  an  article.
           Default is OFF.

       Characters used as quote-marks (quote_chars)
           The  character  used  in quoting included text to article followups
           and mail replies. The '_' character represents  a  blank  character
           and is replaced with ' ' when read. Default is '>_'.

       Quoting behavior (quote_style)
           How  articles  should  be  quoted  when following up or replying to
           them. There are a number of things that can be  done:  empty  lines
           can be quoted, signatures can be quoted and quote_chars can be com-
           pressed when quoting multiple times (for example, '> > >'  will  be
           turned into '>>>'). The default is to compress quotes, and to quote
           empty lines.
           When you are viewing an article in raw mode ('^H'), and  follow  up
           or  reply to it, the signature will be quoted even if it would oth-
           erwise not be.  If show_signatures is off, then the signature  will
           never be quoted.

       Regex used to show quoted lines (quote_regex)
           A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading articles.
           All matching lines are shown in col_quote. If quote_regex is blank,
           then tin uses a built-in default.

       Regex used to show twice quoted l. (quote_regex2)
           A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading articles.
           All matching lines are shown  in  col_quote2.  If  quote_regex2  is
           blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Regex used to show >= 3 times q.l. (quote_regex3)
           A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading articles.
           All matching lines are shown  in  col_quote3.  If  quote_regex3  is
           blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Article recentness time limit (recent_time)
           If  set  to  0, this feature is deactivated, otherwise it means the
           number of days. Default is 2.

       Render BiDi (render_bidi)
           If ON tin does the rendering of bi-directional  text.  If  OFF  tin
           leaves  the  rendering  of  bi-directional  text  to  the terminal.
           Default is OFF.

       Interval in seconds to reread active (reread_active_file_secs)
           The news ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active} file
           is reread at regular intervals to show if any new news has arrived.
           Default is 1200. Setting this to 0 will disable this feature.

       Directory to save arts/threads in (savedir)
           Directory where articles/threads are saved. Default is  ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/News.

       Score limit (kill) (score_limit_kill)
           If the score of an article is below or equal this value the article
           gets marked as killed.

       Score limit (select) (score_limit_select)
           If the score of an article is above or equal this value the article
           gets marked as hot.

       Default score to kill articles (score_kill)
           Score  of  an  article  which  should  be  killed,  this must be <=
           score_limit_kill.

       Default score to select articles (score_select)
           Score of an article which should be marked hot,  this  must  be  >=
           score_limit_select.

       Number of lines to scroll in pager (scroll_lines)
           The  number  of  lines that will be scrolled up/down in the article
           pager when using cursor-up/down. The default is  1  (line-by-line).
           Set  to  0 to get traditional tin page-by-page scrolling. Set to -1
           to get page-by-page scrolling where the top/bottom line is  carried
           over    onto    the    next    page.    This   setting   supersedes
           show_last_line_prev_page=ON. Set to -2 to get half-page  scrolling.
           This setting supersedes full_page_scroll=OFF.

       Format string for the Selection level (select_format)
           Format  string tin uses for Selection level representation. See the
           section   "CUSTOMIZING   THE    SCREEN    FORMAT".    Default    is
           "%f %n %U  %G  %d".

       In group menu, show author by (show_author)
           Which  information  about the author should be shown. Default is 2,
           authors full name.

            0  None, only the ''Subject:'' line will be displayed.

            1  Address, ''Subject:'' line & the address part of the  ''From:''
               line are displayed.

            2  Full  Name,  ''Subject:''  line & the authors full name part of
               the ''From:'' line are displayed (default).

            3  Address and Name, ''Subject:'' line & all of the ''From:'' line
               are displayed.

       Show description of each newsgroup (show_description)
           If  ON  show a short group description text after newsgroup name at
           the group selection level. The ''-d'' command-line flag will  over-
           ride  the setting and turn descriptions off. The text used is taken
           from the ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/newsgroups file and if supported
           (requires  tin  to  be  build  with  mh-mail-handling support) from
           ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/mailgroups for mailgroups. Default  is
           ON.

       Function for sorting articles (sort_function)
           Function used for sorting articles. Default is 0.

            0  Use qsort(3) for sorting.

            1  Use  heapsort(3)  for  sorting.  This  might be faster in large
               groups with long threads (somewhat presorted data).

       Show lines/score in listings (show_info)
           Which information about the thread  or  article  should  be  shown.
           Default is 1, show only the line count.

            0  None, no information will be displayed.

            1  Lines,  in article listing the line count of an article will be
               displayed and  in  thread  listing  the  line  count  of  first
               (unread) article will be displayed.

            2  Score,  in article listing the score of an article will be dis-
               played and in thread listing the score of the  thread  will  be
               displayed - see also thread_score.

            3  Lines & Score, display line count and score.

       Show only unread articles (show_only_unread_arts)
           If  ON  show  only new/unread articles otherwise show all articles.
           Default is ON.

       Show only groups with unread arts (show_only_unread_groups)
           If ON show only subscribed groups  that  contain  unread  articles.
           Default is OFF.

       Display signatures (show_signatures)
           If  OFF don't show signatures when displaying articles.  Default is
           ON.

       Prepend signature with '\n-- \n' (sigdashes)
           If ON prepend the signature with sigdashes. Default is ON.

       Create signature from path/command (sigfile)
           The path that specifies the signature file  to  use  when  posting,
           following  up to or replying to an article. If the path is a direc-
           tory then the signature will be randomly generated from files  that
           are  in  the  specified  directory. If the path starts with a ! the
           program the path points to will be executed to  generate  a  signa-
           ture.  tin  will pass the name of the current newsgroup as argument
           to the program. --none will suppress  any  signature.   Default  is
           ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig.

       Add signature when reposting (signature_repost)
           If ON add signature to reposted articles. Default is ON.

       Regex used to highlight /slashes/ (slashes_regex)
           A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading articles.
           All matching words are shown in col_markslash or mono_markslash. If
           slashes_regex is blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Sort articles by (sort_article_type)
           This  specifies  how  articles  should be sorted. Sort by ascending
           Date (6) is the default. The following sort types are allowed:

            0  Nothing, don't sort articles.

            1  Subject: (descending),  sort  articles  by  ''Subject:''  field
               descending.

            2  Subject:  (ascending),  sort  articles  by  ''Subject:''  field
               ascending.

            3  From: (descending), sort articles by ''From:''  field  descend-
               ing.

            4  From:  (ascending), sort articles by ''From:'' field ascending.

            5  Date: (descending), sort articles by ''Date:''  field  descend-
               ing.

            6  Date:  (ascending),  sort articles by ''Date:'' field ascending
               (default).

            7  Score (descending), sort articles by filtering  score  descend-
               ing.

            8  Score  (ascending), sort articles by filtering score ascending.

            9  Lines: (descending), sort articles by ''Lines:'' field descend-
               ing.

            10 Lines:  (ascending),  sort articles by ''Lines:'' field ascend-
               ing.

       Sort threads by (sort_threads_type)
           This specifies how threads will be sorted. Sort by descending Score
           (1) is the default. The following sort types are allowed:

            0  Nothing, don't sort threads.

            1  Score  (descending), sort threads by filtering score descending
               (default).

            2  Score (ascending), sort threads by filtering score ascending.

            3  Last posting date (descending), sort threads by  date  of  last
               posting descending.

            4  Last  posting  date  (ascending),  sort threads by date of last
               posting ascending.

       Spamtrap warning address parts (spamtrap_warning_addresses)
           Set this option to a list of comma-separated strings to  be  warned
           if  you are replying to an article by mail where the e-mail address
           contains one of these strings. The  matching  is  case-insensitive.
           Example:

           spam,delete,remove

       Regex used to highlight *stars* (stars_regex)
           A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading articles.
           All matching words are shown in col_markstar or  mono_markstar.  If
           stars_regex is blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Start editor with line offset (start_editor_offset)
           Set  ON  if the editor used for posting, follow-ups and bug reports
           has the capability of starting and  positioning  the  cursor  at  a
           specified line within a file. Default is ON.

       Strip blanks of end of lines (strip_blanks)
           Strips  the  blanks from the end of each line therefore speeding up
           the display when reading on a slow terminal or via  modem.  Default
           is ON.

       Remove bogus groups from newsrc (strip_bogus)
           Bogus  groups  are  groups  that  are  present  in your ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc file that no longer exist on the news server.
           There are 3 options. 0 means do nothing & always keep bogus groups.
           1 means bogus groups will be  permanently  removed.  2  means  that
           bogus groups will appear on the Group Selection Menu, prefixed with
           a 'D'. This allows you to unsubscribe from them  as  and  when  you
           wish. Default is 0 (Always Keep).

       No unsubscribed groups in newsrc (strip_newsrc)
           If  ON,  then  unsubscribed groups will be permanently removed from
           your ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc file. Default is OFF.

       Regex used to highlight -strokes- (strokes_regex)
           A regular expression that will be applied  when  reading  articles.
           All  matching words are shown in col_markstroke or mono_markstroke.
           If strokes_regex is blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Wrap around threads on next unread (wrap_on_next_unread)
           If enabled a search for the next unread article  will  wrap  around
           all articles to find also previous unread articles. If disabled the
           search stops at the end of the thread list. Default is ON.

       Display "a as Umlaut-a (tex2iso_conv)
           If ON, show "a as Umlaut-a, etc. Default is OFF. This behavior  can
           also  be toggled in the article viewer via PageToggleTex2iso ('"').

       Thread articles by (thread_articles)
           Defines which threading method to use. It's  possible  to  set  the
           threading  type on a per group basis by setting the group attribute
           variable  thread_arts  to  0  -   4   in   the   file   ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes.  (See also "GROUP ATTRIBUTES".)  The
           default is Both Subject and References.  The choices are:

            0  None, don't thread.

            1  Subject, thread on ''Subject:'' only.

            2  References, thread on ''References:'' only.

            3  Both Subject and References,  thread  on  ''References:''  then
               ''Subject:'' (default).

            4  Multipart Subject, thread multipart articles on ''Subject:''.

            5  Percentage Match, thread base upon a partial character match on
               ''Subject:''.

       Catchup thread by using left key (thread_catchup_on_exit)
           If ON catchup group/thread when leaving with the  left  arrow  key.
           Default is ON.

       Format string for the Thread level (thread_format)
           Format  string  tin  uses  for Thread level representation. See the
           section   "CUSTOMIZING   THE    SCREEN    FORMAT".    Default    is
           "%n %m  [%L]  %T  %F".

       Matchingness of a thread (thread_perc)
           How  closely  the subjects must match for two threads to be consid-
           ered part of the same thread. This is a percentage and the  default
           if 75%.

       Score of a thread (thread_score)
           How the total score of a thread is computed. Default is 0, the max-
           imum score in this thread.

            0  Max, the maximum score in this thread.

            1  Sum, the sum of all scores in this thread.

            2  Average, the average score in this thread.

       Transliteration (translit)
           If ON append //TRANSLIT to the first argument of  iconv_open(3)  to
           enable  transliteration. This means that when a character cannot be
           represented in the target character set,  it  can  be  approximated
           through  one  or  several  similarly looking characters. On systems
           where this  extension  doesn't  exist,  this  option  is  disabled.
           Default is OFF.

       How to treat blank lines (trim_article_body)
           Allows  you to select how tin treats blank lines in article bodies.
           Default is 0. This option does not  affect  lines  within  verbatim
           blocks.

            0  Don't trim article body, do nothing.

            1  Skip leading blank lines.

            2  Skip trailing blank lines.

            3  Skip  leading  and trailing blank l., skip leading and trailing
               blank lines.

            4  Compact multiple between text,  replace  multiple  blank  lines
               between textblocks with one blank line.

            5  Compact multiple and skip leading, 4 + 1

            6  Compact multiple and skip trailing, 4 + 2

            7  Compact mltpl., skip lead. & trai., 4 + 3

       Regex used to highlight _underline_ (underscores_regex)
           A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading articles.
           All matching words are shown in col_markdash or  mono_markdash.  If
           underscores_regex is blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Remove ~/.article after posting (unlink_article)
           If ON remove ~/.article after posting. Default is ON.

       Program that opens URL's (url_handler)
           The  program  that  will be run when launching URL's in the article
           viewer using PageViewUrl ('U'). The actual URL will be appended  to
           this.  Default is url_handler.pl %s.

       URL highlighting in message body (url_highlight)
           Enable highlighting URLs in message body. Default is ON.

       Use ANSI color (use_color)
           If enabled tin uses ANSI-colors. Default is OFF.

       Use scroll keys on keypad (use_keypad)
           Default is OFF.

       Use mouse in xterm (use_mouse)
           Allows  the  mouse button support in a xterm(1x) to be enabled/dis-
           abled.  Default is OFF.

       Use slrnface to show ''X-Face:''s (use_slrnface)
           If enabled  tin  uses  slrnface(1)  to  interpret  the  ''X-Face:''
           header.  For this option to have any effect, tin must be running in
           an xterm(1x) and slrnface(1) must be in your $PATH. Default is OFF.

       Use UTF-8 graphics (utf8_graphics)
           If  ON use UTF-8 characters for indicator ('->'), thread/attachment
           tree and ellipsis ('...'). Default is OFF.

       Regex for begin of a verbatim block (verbatim_begin_regex)
           A regular expression that tin will use to find the begin of a  ver-
           batim block.

       Regex for end of a verbatim block (verbatim_end_regex)
           A  regular expression that tin will use to find the end of a verba-
           tim block.

       Detection of verbatim blocks (verbatim_handling)
           If ON verbatim blocks will be detected. Default is ON.

       Wildcard matching (wildcard)
           Allows you to select how tin matches strings. The default is 0  and
           uses the wildmat notation, which is how this has traditionally been
           handled.  Setting this to 1 allows you to  use  perl(1)  compatible
           regular    expressions    pcre(3)    (see    also   perlre(1)   and
           pcrepattern(3)).  You will probably want to update your filter file
           if  you  use  this  regularly.   NB: Newsgroup names will always be
           matched using the wildmat notation.

       What to display instead of mark (word_h_display_marks)
           Should the leading and ending stars, slashes,  strokes  and  dashes
           also be displayed, even when they are highlighting marks?

            0  no

            1  yes, display mark

            2  print a space instead

       Word highlighting in message body (word_highlight)
           Enable  word highlighting. See word_h_display_marks for the options
           available.  If  use_color  is  enabled  the  colors  specified   in
           col_markdash,  col_markslash,  col_markstar  and col_markstroke are
           used for word highlighting else the character attributes  specified
           in mono_markdash, mono_markslash, mono_markstar and mono_markstroke
           are used. Default is ON.

       Page line wrap column (wrap_column)
           Sets the column  at  which  a  displayed  article  body  should  be
           wrapped.   If  this value is equal to 0, it defaults to the current
           screen width.  If this value is greater than  your  current  screen
           width  the  part  off-screen  is  not  displayed. Thus setting this
           option to a large value can be used to disable  wrapping.  If  this
           value  is negative the wrap margin is the current screen width plus
           the given value (as long as the result is still positive, otherwise
           it will fall back to the current screen width). Default is 0, wrap-
           ping at the current screen width.

       Quote line when cross-posting (xpost_quote_format)
           Format is the same as for  news_quote_format,  this  is  used  when
           answering  to  a  crossposting  to  several  groups  with no ''Fol-
           lowup-To:'' set.

   ATTRIBUTES MENU AND GROUP ATTRIBUTES
       tin allows certain attributes to be set on a per  group  basis.  If  it
       exists,    the    global    attributes   file,   ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIB-
       DIR}/attributes is read. After that, the  user's  own  attributes  file
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes is read.  The global attributes
       file is useful for distributing system-wide defaults to new  users  who
       have no private attributes file yet.

       Note  that  the  scope=<grouplist>  line has to be specified before the
       attributes are specified for that list. All attributes  are  set  to  a
       reasonable  default  so you only have to specify the attribute that you
       want to change (e.g., savedir). All toggle attributes are set by speci-
       fying  ON/OFF.  Otherwise,  these  function  exactly  the same as their
       global equivalents. For more details see tin(5).

       Attributes can also be changed from the attributes menu  which  can  be
       accessed  by  ConfigToggleAttrib  ('<TAB>')  from  the  options menu or
       ScopeSelect ('^J' or '<CR>') from the scopes menu.  The attributes menu
       looks and behaves very similar to the options menu. The title shows the
       current scope. Attributes set in the current scope are marked with  '+'
       to the left of the attributes number.

       Besides  the  keys for moving around and changing values known from the
       options menu the attributes menu provides the following command: Confi-
       gResetAttrib ('r') which resets an attribute to a default value.

   SCOPES MENU
       The  scopes menu (accessible from the options menu with ConfigScopeMenu
       ('S')) shows all scopes read from the global and local attributes file.
       Scopes  from the global attributes file are marked with '!' to the left
       of the scope number. Delete/rename/move are  not  possible  with  those
       scopes.

       In addition to the common moving keys the following commands are avail-
       able: ScopeSelect ('^J' or '<CR>') enter the attributes  menu  for  the
       current  scope, ScopeEditAttributesFile ('E') edit the local attributes
       file, ScopeAdd ('a') add a new scope, ScopeDelete ('d') delete the cur-
       rent  scope,  ScopeMove ('m') move the current scope to a new position,
       ScopeRename ('r') rename the  current  scope.  ToggleHelpDisplay  ('H')
       toggles the help mini menu at the bottom of the screen.

   FILTERING ARTICLES
       When  there  is a subject or an author which you are either very inter-
       ested in, or find completely uninteresting, you can easily instruct tin
       to auto-select or auto-kill articles that match rules that you specify.
       This can be anything from the name of the author to the number of lines
       in an article.

       When    tin    starts    up    the    user's    kill-file   ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/filter (see also tin(5)) is read. Each time a  news-
       group  is entered the rules are applied and articles killed or selected
       when they meet certain criteria.

       The degree to which rules are applied depend on  the  kill_level  tinrc
       setting.  By  default  killed articles will only be marked read. Adjust
       kill_level for more aggressive processing. Articles that match an auto-
       selection rule are marked with a ''*''.

       Filtering    rules   can   be   manually   entered   into   ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/filter (but don't do this whilst  running  tin  else
       you will lose your changes) or by using an on-screen menu within tin.

       The filtering capabilities of tin have been significantly enhanced over
       previous versions to include scoring and better pattern matching. It is
       recommended  that  you read the file filtering in the tin documentation
       directory. This file can also be read online at
       <http://www.tin.org/filtering.txt>.

       The on-screen filtering menu is  accessed  by  pressing  MenuFilterKill
       ('^K')  or  MenuFilterSelect ('^A') at the Group and Article levels. It
       allows the user to kill or select an article that matches  the  current
       ''Subject:''  line, ''From:'' line or a string entered by the user. The
       user entered string can be applied to  the  ''Subject:''  or  ''From:''
       line  of an article. The filter can be limited to the current newsgroup
       or it can apply to all newsgroups. Once entered the user can abort  the
       command  and not save the new filter, edit the full filter file or save
       filter.

   POSTING ARTICLES
       tin allows posting of articles, follow-up to  already  posted  articles
       and replying direct through mail to the author of an article.

       Use  the  Post  ('w') command to post an article to a newsgroup.  After
       entering the post subject the default editor (i.e., vi(1)) or the  edi-
       tor  specified  by  the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment variable will be
       started and the article can be entered. To  crosspost  articles  simply
       add  a comma and the name of the newsgroup(s) to the end of the ''News-
       groups:'' line at the beginning of the article. After saving and  exit-
       ing the editor you are asked if you wish to a)bort posting the article,
       e)dit the article again or p)ost the article  to  the  specified  news-
       group(s).

       Use the DisplayPostHist ('W') command to display a history of the arti-
       cles you have posted. The date the article was posted, which newsgroups
       the  article was posted to and the articles subject line are displayed.

       Use  the  PageFollowupQuote  ('f'),  PageFollowup  ('F')  or   PageFol-
       lowupQuoteHeaders  ('^W')  command  to  post  a follow-up article to an
       already posted article. The PageFollowupQuote  command  will  copy  the
       text  of  the  original article into the editor. The PageFollowupQuote-
       Headers command will copy the text and  all  headers  of  the  original
       article  into  the  editor.  The  editing procedure is the same as when
       posting an article with the Post ('w') command.

       Use the PageReplyQuote ('r'), PageReply ('R') or  PageReplyQuoteHeaders
       ('^E') command to reply direct through mail to the author of an already
       posted article. The PageReplyQuote command will copy the  text  of  the
       original  article  into  the  editor. The PageReplyQuoteHeaders command
       will copy the text and all headers of the  original  article  into  the
       editor.  The  editing  procedure is the same as when posting an article
       with the Post ('w') command. After saving and exiting  the  editor  you
       are asked if you wish to abort sending the article via PostAbort ('a'),
       edit the article again via PostEdit ('e') or send the  article  to  the
       author via PostSend ('s').

   CUSTOMIZING THE ARTICLE QUOTE STRING
       When  posting a followup to an article or replying direct to the author
       of an article via email the text of the  article  can  be  quoted.  The
       beginning  of  the quoted text can contain information about the quoted
       article (e.g., Name and the Message-ID of the article).  To  allow  for
       different  situations  certain information from the article can be used
       in the quoted string. The following variables are expanded if found  in
       the    tinrc    variables   mail_quote_format,   news_quote_format   or
       xpost_quote_format:
              %A  Address (Email)
              %D  Date (uses date_format)
              %F  Full address (%N <%A>)
              %G  Groupname
              %M  Message-ID
              %N  Fullname of author
              %C  Firstname of author
              %I  Initials of author
       e.g.,
              mail_quote_format=On %D in %G you wrote:
              news_quote_format=In %M, %F wrote:
       would expand to:
              On 21 Sep 1993 09:45:51 -0400 in alt.sources you wrote:
              In <abcINN123@example.org>, Joe Bar <joe@example.org> wrote:
       The quoted text section of an article is marked by  a  preceding  quote
       string  at  the beginning of each quoted line. The default quote string
       is set to '>_'. The default can be changed by setting the  tinrc  vari-
       able  quote_chars  to  ones own preference. (Note that '_' underline is
       used to represent a space).

   MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING ARTICLES
       The command interface to GroupMail, PageMail,  PostMail  or  ThreadMail
       ('m'),  Pipe  ('|'),  Print  ('o'), PageRepost or GroupRepost ('x') and
       GroupSave, PageSave or ThreadSave ('s' and GroupAutoSave,  PageAutoSave
       or ThreadAutoSave 'S') articles is the same for ease of use.

       Auto-saving with *AutoSave ('S') is a special case and operates only on
       marked articles. They will  processed  without  any  further  prompting
       according  to  the  default  save parameters defined in tinrc or by any
       attributes set for the current group.

       Otherwise, the initial prompt will ask you  to  select  which  article,
       thread, hot (auto-selected), regex pattern, tagged articles you wish to
       mail, pipe etc.

       Tagged articles must have already been tagged with a  *Tag  ('t')  com-
       mand.  All tagged articles can be untagged by a *Untag ('U') untag com-
       mand.

       If a regex pattern is selected you are asked to enter a pattern  (e.g.,
       to  match  all  articles  subject lines containing 'net News' you enter
       "net News"). Any articles that match the  entered  expression  will  be
       mailed,  piped  etc.  See also the wildcard tinrc variable for advanced
       pattern matching options.

       Various expansion characters are recognized when entering the directory
       and file to save to. Environment variables (prefixed with '$') and user
       home directories (prefixed by '~' or  '~username')  can  be  specified.
       Environment  variables can themselves contain other special characters.

       To save articles to a mailbox enter '=<mailbox name>'  when  asked  for
       the save filename. If you enter just '=' then articles will be saved to
       a mailbox with the name of the  current  newsgroup  (eg,  alt.sources).
       See maildir.

       To  save  in savedir/<news.group.name>/<filename> format enter '+<file-
       name>'.  Environment variables are allowed  within  a  filename  (e.g.,
       $SOURCES/dir/filename). See savedir.

       When  saving articles you can specify whether the saved files should be
       post processed. A  default  process  type  can  be  set  via  post_pro-
       cess_type.

   AUTOMATIC MAILING AND SAVING NEW NEWS
       tin  allows  new/unread  news  articles to be mailed (''-M'' and ''-N''
       option) or saved (''-S'' option) in batch mode for later reading.  Use-
       ful  when  going  on holiday and you don't want to return and find that
       expire has removed a whole load of unread articles.  Best  to  run  via
       cron(1) everyday while away, after which you will be mailed a report of
       which articles were mailed/saved from which newsgroups  and  the  total
       number  of  articles mailed/saved. Articles are saved in a private news
       structure  under  your  <savedir>  directory  (default  is  ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/News).  Be careful of using this option if you read a lot
       of groups because you could overflow your file system.

       When using ''-S'' together with a given directory to  save  to  (''-s''
       option), the same directory must be specified when reading the articles
       by ''-R''.

       If you only want to save some of your groups use the  batch_save  tinrc
       variable.  Set  to  ON  or OFF in tinrc to enable/disable saving of all
       groups and then use the batch_save attribute to fine tune which  groups
       you  want  to have saved. For example, if you want to save most of your
       groups, then set batch_save to ON in tinrc and selectively turn off the
       ones you don't want using attributes.

       tin -M iain -c -f newsrc.mail
                           (mail  any  unread articles in newsgroups specified
                           in file newsrc.mail to the local user iain and mark
                           them as read)

       tin -S -c -f newsrc.save
                           (save  any  unread articles in newsgroups specified
                           in file newsrc.save and mark them as read)

       tin -R              (read any articles saved by tin -S)

   RANGES
       A range is simply a group of items marked using the SetRange ('#') key.
       Certain  tin commands will operate on a range if one exists rather than
       just  the  current  item.  A  range  is  an  expression  of  the   form
       <min>-<max>,  e.g. 10-15 will highlight items 10 through 15 on the cur-
       rent screen. Other than absolute numeric positions, '.' can be used  in
       place  of  the  current cursor position and '$' can be used to mean the
       highest number available. Currently the only commands  that  understand
       ranges  are  GroupMarkThdRead ('K'), MarkArtUnread ('z') and MarkThdUn-
       read ('Z').

   NEWSGROUP LISTS & WILDCARDS
       Several places in tin allow you to specify a list of newsgroups.  These
       include  command-line  groups,  (un)subscribe  groups, the AUTO[UN]SUB-
       SCRIBE mechanism. The scope= attributes file tag and  the  filter  file
       group= tag also use the same syntax. tin interprets this variable simi-
       larly to rn(1).  It contains a list of patterns,  separated  by  commas
       and  possibly  prefixed  with  exclamation points. An exclamation point
       negates the meaning of a match on this pattern, and can be used to can-
       cel certain matches. Some examples:

       alt.config,news.*,!news.test

       Matches  alt.config  and  everything  in  the  'news'  hierarchy except
       news.test

       See the explanation for the $AUTOSUBSCRIBE variables for further  exam-
       ples.

   SIGNATURES
       tin  will recognize a signature in either ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.sig-
       nature     or     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig.      If     ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.signature exists, then the signature will be pulled into
       the  editor  for  mail  commands  only.  A  signature  in   ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.signature will not be pulled into the editor for posting
       commands since inews(1) will append the signature itself.

       A signature in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig will  be  pulled  into  the
       editor for both posting and mailing commands.

       The following is an example of a .Sig file:
              NAMES  Joe Bar <joe@example.org>
              SNAIL  Musterweg 12, 99999 Notreal, Germany

       tin  also  has  the  capability  to generate random signatures on a per
       newsgroup basis if so desired. The way to accomplish this is to specify
       the default signature or the group attribute sigfile as a directory. If
       for example the sigfile path is /usr/iain/.sigs and .sigs is  a  direc-
       tory  then  tin will select a random signature from any file that is in
       the directory .sigs (note: one signature per numbered file).  A  random
       signature  can  also consist of a fixed part signature that can contain
       your name, address etc. followed by the random sig. The fixed  part  of
       the random sig is read from the file $HOME/.sigfixed.

   CUSTOMIZING THE SCREEN FORMAT
       The look of the Selection, Group and Thread level can be customized via
       format strings. These format strings define the content and  the  posi-
       tion  of each element on the screen. Variables are used within the for-
       mat strings as placeholders. The following variables are available:

          %D    date
          %F    from, name and/or address
          %G    newsgroup name
          %I    initials
          %L    line count
          %M    message-id
          %R    number of responses in thread
          %S    score
          %T    thread tree
          %U    unread count
          %d    newsgroup description
          %f    newsgroup flag
          %m    article marks
          %n    current group/thread/article number
          %s    subject
          %%    %

       Not all variables can be used in each level. The following  table  pro-
       vides an overview:

              select_format group_format thread_format
          %D                      X            X
          %F                      X            X
          %G        X
          %I                      X            X
          %L                      X            X
          %M                      X            X
          %R                      X
          %S                      X            X
          %T                                   X
          %U        X
          %d        X
          %f        X
          %m                      X            X
          %n        X             X            X
          %s                      X
          %%        X             X            X

       Defaults for the format strings:

          select_format: "%f %n %U  %G  %d"
          group_format:  "%n %m %R %L  %s  %F"
          thread_format: "%n %m  [%L]  %T  %F"

       show_description controls whether the newsgroup description is shown or
       not. The description can also be toggled with  SelectToggleDescriptions
       ('d').

       The   information   displayed   with  '%F'  depends  on  the  value  of
       show_author.  GroupToggleSubjDisplay   resp.    ThreadToggleSubjDisplay
       ('d') switches through all available options.

       '%D'  uses date_format for date representation. It is possible to spec-
       ify a different date  format  in  round  brackets  (e.g.  '%(%d  %b  %y
       %H:%M)D'). See date_format for more details.

       The  length  of  each item (except '%%') can be defined with a positive
       number after the '%'. The following example displays the score  in  the
       thread  level  10  characters  wide:  '%10S'.  Some variables do have a
       default width which may lead to truncation.  Truncation  for  variables
       which  contain only numbers happens by dividing the value with a suffi-
       cient power of ten and adding a SI suffix to the result, i.e. the vari-
       able  holds  a  value  of 54321 and the width for the variable is 4 the
       result will be "54 k". If that's undesired you have to specify a larger
       width manually, i.e. '%6n'. Here is an overview of the defaults:

          Variable  width
          %I         3
          %L         4
          %M        10
          %R         3
          %S         6
          %U         5
          %n         4

       If  no length is given for '%D', the length is determined by the format
       string for the date and the date of the current day. If the date format
       string contains weekdays or months names it may happen that the date is
       longer than determined in the first pass. In this  case,  the  date  is
       truncated  before  display.  This  occurs,  for example, if the current
       month is May and the article to which the date is displayed was  posted
       in  December.  In  such  cases it might useful to determine the maximum
       length manually and specify the length in the format string.

       When the format string contains the specifier '%F' and '%s' resp.  '%T'
       and  no  length  are given, '%F' will use one third and '%s' resp. '%T'
       will use two third of the available space.

       In addition, a minimum screen  width  can  be  defined  for  each  item
       (except  '%%').  In this case, the item will only be displayed when the
       screen is wider than specified. This comes in handy to not  overload  a
       small  screen but have maximum information on a large screen. The mini-
       mum screen width has to be specified by a positive number  preceded  by
       an '>'. In the following example tin will display the score only if the
       screen is wider than 100 characters: '%>100S'.

       If both the length and the minimum screen width should be specified for
       an  item, the length must be the first parameter and the minimum screen
       width must be the second one. The following example displays the  score
       with  a  length  of  10 characters only if the screen is wider than 100
       characters: '%10>100S'.

   TIPS AND TRICKS
       tin can be pretty much be navigated by using the four cursor keys.  The
       left  arrow key goes up a level, the right arrow key goes down a level,
       the up arrow key goes up a line and the down  arrow  key  goes  down  a
       line.

       The  following  newsgroups  provide  useful information concerning news
       software:
          --news.software.readers (info. about news user agents tin,  rn,  nn,
            slrn etc.)
          --news.software.nntp (info. about NNTP)
          --news.answers  (Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about many differ-
            ent themes)

       Many prompts within tin offer a default choice that the cursor is posi-
       tioned on. By pressing '<CR>' the default value is taken.  Most prompts
       can be aborted by pressing '<ESC>'.

       When tin is run in an xterm(1x) it will resize  itself  each  time  the
       xterm(1x) is resized.

       tin    will    reread   the   ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVE-
       FILE:-active} file at set intervals (reread_active_file_secs)  to  show
       any newly arrived news.

       If  you  find large number of new newsgroups cluttering up your screen,
       pressing SelectToggleReadDisplay ('r') will make them go away.

   XTERM BUTTONS
       If the environment variable $TERM is  set  to  xterm(1x),  then  button
       pressing can be used to select groups and articles. In this discussion,
       the buttons are assumed to be assigned conventionally (i.e., Button1 is
       the left button).

       In general (i.e., for the group, thread and article menus),

       Button1 (left)
                 enters  next (lower) level if you click on an article, other-
                 wise pages down.

       Button2 (center)
                 returns to the previous (upper) level  if  you  click  on  an
                 article, otherwise pages up.

       Button3 (right)
                 positions  on  the  article line under mouse cursor, or pages
                 down if you've clicked outside the list of articles.

       In the group selection menu, if the mouse is pointing at a group then:

       left button
                 moves to and selects the group pointed at, just  like  Selec-
                 tReadGrp ('<CR>').

       center button
                 quits the program, just like Quit ('q').

       right button
                 moves to the group pointed at.

       In the article menu, if the mouse is pointing at an article (or thread)
       then:

       left button
                 reads the article pointed  at,  just  like  GroupReadBasenote
                 ('<CR>'), or the thread, just like GroupListThd ('l').

       center button
                 exits  the  menu,  catching  up  on  the  group  if  you have
                 group_catchup_on_exit set in your  configuration,  just  like
                 Quit ('q').

       right button
                 moves to the article (or thread) pointed at.

       In the thread menu, if the mouse is pointing at an article then:

       left button
                 reads article pointed at, just like ThreadReadArt ('<CR>').

       center button
                 exits  the  menu,  catching  up  on  the  thread  if you have
                 thread_catchup_on_exit set in your configuration,  just  like
                 Quit ('q').

       right button
                 moves to the article pointed at.

       In  other menus and areas button pressing reverts back to usual cut and
       paste of xterm(1x), but after one click of any button.

   INDEX FILES
       If your news server supports NOV index files (see newsoverview(5), most
       modern  installations will) and you have a fast connection to your news
       server then this section can be ignored.

       If your news server doesn't support NOV index files or you have a  very
       slow  connection  to  your news server then tin can cache the index for
       each newsgroup if cache_overview_files is set to ON.   Note  that  this
       cache  can  use  up  large  amounts  of disk space if you read a lot of
       groups and/or high traffic groups.

       Each user creates/updates his/her own index files that  are  stored  in
       ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news/. If you are
       reading via NNTP then the news server name will be appended to keep the
       indexes  for  different  servers  separate.  If you are reading off the
       local spool and local overview files  already  exist  then  turning  on
       caching will have no effect. Likewise unless you see significant delays
       entering a group when reading via NNTP then  turning  on  caching  will
       have little or no effect.

       Entering a group the first time tends to be slow because the index file
       must be built from scratch. To alleviate the slowness start tin to cre-
       ate  all index files for the groups you subscribe to with tin -u -v and
       go for a coffee. Subsequent readings of a group will only  need  to  do
       incremental  updating of the index file and will be much faster as only
       new articles will need to be cached.

       As indexing might take some time you may  want  to  run  tin  form  the
       system batcher cron(1) with the ''-u'' option:

              30 6 * * * /usr/local/bin/tin -u

       If  you  are  low  on  local disk space you should consider to manually
       purge cached data for groups you are not reading anymore with something
       like:

              find ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news* \
              -type f -name "[0-9]*.[0-9]" -atime +28 | xargs rm -f

FILES
       For a detailed description see tin(5).

       $MAILCAPS
       ~/.mailcap
       /etc/mailcap
       /usr/etc/mailcap
       /usr/local/etc/mailcap
       /etc/mail/mailcap

       /etc/nntpserver

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.cancelsecret

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.mime.types
       /etc/mime.types
       /etc/tin/mime.types

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsauth

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/.oldnewsrc

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.signature
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.sigfixed

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/.inputhistory

       ${TIN_INDEX_MAILDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.mail/

       ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news${NNTPSERVER:+"-$NNTPSERVER"}/

       ${TIN_INDEX_SAVEDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.save/

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/active.mail

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/active.save

       /etc/tin/attributes
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/filter

       /etc/tin/keymap${${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}:+".${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}"}
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/keymap${${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}:+".${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}"}

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/mailgroups

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/newsrctable

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/posted

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail/posted

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/postponed.articles

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER:${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/newsgroups

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER:${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/serverrc

       /etc/tin/tinrc
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc

       /etc/tin/tin.defaults

       /usr/local/share/locale/${LC_MESSAGES}/LC_MESSAGES/tin.mo

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active}

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/active.times

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/newsgroups

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/organization

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/overview.fmt

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/subscriptions

ENVIRONMENT
       TINRC  Define this variable if you want to specify command-line options
              that tin should be started with to save typing them each time it
              is  started.  The contents of the environment variable are added
              to the front of the command-line options  before  it  is  parsed
              therefore  allowing  an  option specified on the command-line to
              override the same option specified in the environment.

       TIN_HOMEDIR
              Define this variable if you do not want the  .tin  directory  in
              $HOME/.  E.g.,  if you want all tin's private files in /tmp/.tin
              you would set $TIN_HOMEDIR to /tmp.

       TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR
              Define this variable if you do not want the .news  directory  in
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/.  E.g., if you want all tin's news
              index files in /tmp/.news you would  set  $TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR  to
              /tmp.

       TIN_INDEX_MAILDIR
              Define  this  variable if you do not want the .mail directory in
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/. E.g., if you want all tin's  mail
              index  files  in  /tmp/.mail you would set $TIN_INDEX_MAILDIR to
              /tmp.

       TIN_INDEX_SAVEDIR
              Define this variable if you do not want the .save  directory  in
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/.  E.g., if you want all tin's save
              index files in /tmp/.save you would  set  $TIN_INDEX_SAVEDIR  to
              /tmp.

       TIN_LIBDIR
              Define this variable if you want to override the NEWSLIBDIR path
              that was compiled into the tin binary, default is /usr/lib/news.
              If  tin  is  running  in  NNTP mode setting this variable has no
              effect.

       TIN_SPOOLDIR
              Define this variable if you want to override the  SPOOLDIR  path
              that   was   compiled   into   the   tin   binary,   default  is
              /var/spool/news.  If tin is running in NNTP  mode  setting  this
              variable has no effect.

       TIN_NOVROOTDIR
              Define this variable if you want to override the NOVROOTDIR path
              that was compiled into the tin binary, default is SPOOLDIR  (see
              above). If tin is running in NNTP mode setting this variable has
              no effect.

       TIN_NOVFILENAME
              Define this variable if you want to override  the  OVERVIEW_FILE
              file  name  that  was  compiled  into the tin binary, default is
              .overview. If tin is running in NNTP mode setting this  variable
              has no effect.

       TIN_ACTIVEFILE
              Define  this  variable  if  you  want  to  override the NEWSLIB-
              DIR/active path that was compiled into the tin binary. If tin is
              running  in  NNTP  mode  setting this variable has no effect. If
              $TIN_LIBDIR is set it is prepended to $TIN_ACTIVEFILE.

       NNTPSERVER
              The default NNTP server to remotely read news from.  This  vari-
              able  only  needs to be set if the ''-r'' command-line option is
              specified and the  file  /etc/nntpserver  does  not  exist.  The
              ''-g'' command line option overrides $NNTPSERVER.

       NNTPPORT
              The NNTP TCP-port to read news from. This variable only needs to
              be set if the TCP-port is not 119  (the  default).   The  ''-p''
              command-line option overrides $NNTPPORT.

       DISTRIBUTION
              Set  the  article header field ''Distribution:'' to the contents
              of the variable instead of the system default.

       ISO2ASC
              Set the ISO to ASCII charset decoding table character to use  in
              decoding an article text. Values can range from -1 to 6.

            -1     no conversion

            0      universal table for many languages

            1      single-spacing universal table

            2      table for Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian and Swedish

            3      table  for Danish, Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish using the
                   appropriate ISO 646 variant

            4      table with RFC1345 codes in brackets

            5      table for printers that allow overstriking with backspace

            6      table for IBM PC character set (code page 437)

       ORGANIZATION
              Set the article header field ''Organization:'' to  the  contents
              of  the  variable instead of the system default. If reading news
              on an Apollo DomainOS machine the environment variable  $NEWSORG
              has to be used instead of $ORGANIZATION.

       NEWSORG (DomainOS)
              DomainOS  specific,  same  as  $ORGANIZATION  on  other OSs (see
              above).

       REPLYTO
              Set the article header field ''Reply-To:'' to the return address
              specified by the variable. This is useful if you wish to receive
              replies at a different address.

       NAME   Overrides the full name given in the gecos-files in /etc/passwd,
              see also mail_address.

       REALNAME
              Same as $NAME.

       HOME   Pathname  of  the user's home directory. See environ(5) for more
              info.

       MAILER This variable has precedence over the  default  mailer  that  is
              used in all mailing operations within tin.

       MAIL   Full path to the user's mailbox.

       VISUAL This  variable  has  precedence  over  the default editor (i.e.,
              vi(1)) that is used in all editing operations within tin  (e.g.,
              posting,   replying,   follow-ups,  ...).  Evaluation  order  is
              ${VISUAL:-"${EDITOR:-vi}"}. See environ(5) for more info.

       EDITOR If $VISUAL is unset, then this  variable  is  looked  up  for  a
              default  editor. If $EDITOR and $VISUAL are both unset, tin uses
              the systems default editor (i.e.  vi(1)) on  UNIX-systems).  See
              environ(5) for more info.

       AUTOSUBSCRIBE
              A  new  group  is  checked  against  the list of patterns; if it
              matches, tin subscribes the user to the  group  without  further
              query.   See  the  section  "NEWSGROUP LISTS & WILDCARDS" for an
              explanation of the valid syntax. For example, setting

              AUTOSUBSCRIBE=comp.os.unix.*,talk.*,!talk.politics.*

              will automatically subscribe the user to all new groups  in  the
              comp.os.unix hierarchy, and all talk groups other than talk.pol-
              itics groups (which will be queried for  as  usual).  Of  course
              this  does  not  work if tin is started with the ''-X'' command-
              line switch.

       AUTOUNSUBSCRIBE
              Is handled like the $AUTOSUBSCRIBE variable, but groups matching
              the  list are unsubscribed from without further query. For exam-
              ple, setting

              AUTOUNSUBSCRIBE=alt.flame.*,u*,!uk.*

              will automatically unsubscribe the user from all  new  alt.flame
              groups  and all groups starting with u (university groups) other
              than UK groups (which will be queried for as usual).

       TMPDIR A pathname of a directory made available for tin to create  tem-
              porary files.

       MAILCAPS
              This  variable  can  be used to override the default path search
              for mailcap(5) files. See also tin(5).

       NOMETAMAIL
              Set this variable  to  disable  the  use  of  metamail(1)  or  a
              replacement (e.g. metamutt).

       MM_CHARSET

       ISPELL Set this variable to point to ispell(1) or a replacement and its
              cmd-line options.

       PGPOPTS
              Define any additional options that you  wish  to  pass  to  your
              pgp(1) or gpg(1) program.

       PGPPATH
              Override  the  name  of the pgp(1) directory in $HOME that holds
              your keys etc..

       GNUPGHOME
              Override the name of the gpg(1) directory in  $HOME  that  holds
              your keys etc..

       LC_CTYPE
              This  variable  determines  the locale(5) category for character
              handling functions. Usually it determines the character  classes
              for  pattern  matching character classification and case conver-
              sion. Currently this is not true for tin (which temporary unsets
              $LC_CTYPE  right  before  any match is done to avoid confusion).
              It's value should be  of  the  form  language[_territory][.code-
              set][@modifier]. See environ(5) for more information.

       LC_MESSAGES
              Formats  of  informative and diagnostic messages and interactive
              responses.  It's value should be of  the  form  language[_terri-
              tory][.codeset][@modifier].  See  locale(5)  and  environ(5) for
              more information.

       LC_TIME
              Date and time formats. It's value should be  of  the  form  lan-
              guage[_territory][.codeset][@modifier].    See   locale(5)   and
              environ(5) for more information.

       LC_ALL This variable overrides the value of the $LANG variable and  any
              other  $LC_  variable.  It's  value  should  be of the form lan-
              guage[_territory][.codeset]. See locale(5)  and  environ(5)  for
              more information.

       LANG   This variable determines the locale(5) category for any category
              not specifically selected with a variable  starting  with  $LC_.
              It's value should be of the form language[_territory][.codeset].
              See environ(5) for more information.

       LANGUAGE
              This variable defines a priority list for translations. Whenever
              a  translation  is  not  available  in the language selected via
              $LC_ALL or $LANG the next language from the list is tried.  It's
              value  should  be  of the form language:language[:language]. See
              environ(5) for more information.

       COLUMNS
              A decimal integer > 0 used  to  indicate  the  user's  preferred
              width  in column positions for the terminal screen or window. If
              this variable is unset or null,  the  implementation  determines
              the  number  of columns, appropriate for the terminal or window.
              When $COLUMNS is set, any terminal-width information implied  by
              $TERM will be overridden. Users and portable applications should
              not set $COLUMNS unless they wish to override the system  selec-
              tion  and  produce output unrelated to the terminal characteris-
              tics.

       LINES  A decimal integer > 0 used to indicate the user's preferred num-
              ber  of lines on a page or the vertical screen or window size in
              lines. A line in this case is a vertical measure large enough to
              hold the tallest character in the character set being displayed.
              If this variable is unset or null, the implementation determines
              the  number  of  lines,  appropriate for the terminal or window.
              When $LINES is set, any terminal-height information  implied  by
              $TERM will be overridden. Users and portable applications should
              not set $LINES unless they wish to override  the  system  selec-
              tion.

       TERM   The  type of terminal in use. This is used when looking up term-
              cap sequences.  See environ(5) for more information.

       DISPLAY
              Display name, pointing to the X server; required for xface.

       WINDOWID
              Used for determining terminal's X window id; required for xface.
              Should be set by the terminal emulator.

       SHELL  The   pathname   of   the   user's  login  shell.  Used  to  set
              default_shell_command.

       XDG_RUNTIME_DIR
              The pathname of the user's  dir  to  put  non-essential  runtime
              files into.

SIGNALS
       tin handles a couple of signals:

       SIGHUP Terminate gracefully.

       SIGTERM
              Terminate gracefully.

       SIGUSR1
              Terminate gracefully but do not restore tty.

       SIGUSR2
              Write out ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc-file.

SECURITY
       When tin is started in debug mode (''-D n'') it will create world read-
       able files in $TMPDIR which may contain  the  users  NNTP  password  in
       cleartext.  On  multiuser-systems $TMPDIR should be set to a safe loca-
       tion before starting tin in debug mode (e.g.  TMPDIR=$HOME tin -D 1).

CONFORMING TO
       tin  does  conform  to  the  Base  Definitions  volume  of   IEEE   Std
       1003.1-2008,  Section 12, Utility Conventions (Utility Argument Syntax,
       Utility Syntax Guidelines).

NOTES
       Regular expression support is provided  by  the  PCRE  library  package
       pcre(3),  which  is  open source software, written by Philip Hazel, and
       copyright by the University of Cambridge, England.
       <ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/>

BUGS
       CNews NNTPd, noffle(1) (<= V1.0-pre5) and NewsCache (<= V1.1.91)  can't
       handle  pipelined  GROUP  commands. If you run into trouble with any of
       the mentioned servers define DISABLE_PIPELINING  in  include/autoconf.h
       and recompile.
       Before  mailing  a bug-report to <tin-bugs@tin.org> please check if you
       are using the latest (stable)  release,  and  if  not,  please  upgrade
       first!  Have  a  look at the doc/TODO file for known bugs. If you still
       think you've found a bug, please use the BugReport ('R')  function  and
       write  in  English. Please do NOT enclose a core-file in your bugreport
       until we request it.

HISTORY
       tin is based on the tass(1)  newsreader  that  was  developed  by  Rich
       Skrenta  and posted to alt.sources in March 1991; its first version was
       released on August 23rd 1991.  tass(1) itself was heavily influenced by
       notesfiles  a  public  domain UNIX version of PLATO Notes, developed at
       the University of Illinois by Ray Essick and Rob Kolstad in 1982. For a
       version overview see
       <http://www.tin.org/history.html>.

CREDITS
       Rich Skrenta
              author of tass(1) v3.2 which this newsreader used as its base.

       Bill Davidsen
              author of envarg.c environment variable reading routine.

       Mike Gleason
              author of sigfile.c random signature generation routines.

       Markus Kuhn <Markus.Kuhn@cl.cam.ac.uk>
              author of langinfo.c, charset.c and iso2asc.txt ISO-8859-1 docu-
              mentation.

       Arnold Robbins
              author of strftime.c date formatting routine.

       Rich Salz
              author of wildmat.c pattern matching and parsdate.y date parsing
              routines.

       Dave Taylor
              author of curses.c from the elm(1) mailreader.

       Chris Thewalt
              author of getline.c emacs(1) style editing routine.

       Steven Madsen
              for adding pgp(1) (Pretty Good Privacy) support.

       Philip Hazel <ph10@cam.ac.uk>
              for pcre(3) (Perl-compatible regular expression library).

       Patrick Powell <papowell@astart.com>
              for snprintf(3) and vsnprintf(3) fallbacks.

AUTHOR
       Iain Lea <iain@bricbrac.de>

MAINTAINER
       Urs Janssen <urs@tin.org>

SEE ALSO
       cron(1),  elm(1), emacs(1), gpg(1), inews(1), ispell(1), lp(1), lpr(1),
       metamail(1), noffle(1), perl(1), perlre(1), pgp(1), rn(1), sendmail(1),
       shar(1),   slrnface(1),   tass(1),   unshar(1),   uudecode(1),   vi(1),
       xterm(1x),  heapsort(3),   iconv(3),   iconv_open(3),   nl_langinfo(3),
       pcre(3),    pcrepattern(3),    qsort(3),    snprintf(3),   strftime(3),
       vsnprintf(3), wildmat(3), environ(5), locale(5),  mailcap(5),  mbox(5),
       mmdf(5),  newsoverview(5),  tin(5), RFC1345, RFC1524, RFC2045, RFC2046,
       RFC2047, RFC2048, RFC2980, RFC3977, RFC4155, RFC4643, RFC5322, RFC5536,
       RFC5537, RFC6048

2.2.1                            May 4th, 2014                          tin(1)

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