tin(1)



tin(1)                        A Usenet newsreader                       tin(1)

NAME
       tin, rtin - A Usenet newsreader

SYNOPSIS
       tin  [[-h|-H|-V] |  [[[-a]  [-dlnq|-Q]  [-ArzxX]] [[-R|-S] -s News_dir]
       [-cuvZ] [-4|-6] [-N|-M address] [-o|-w]]  [-D  debug_level]  [-G  arti-
       cle_limit]  [-f  newsrc_file]  [-g  server] [-m Mail_dir] [-p port] [-I
       index_dir] [newsgroup[,...]]]

DESCRIPTION
       tin is a full-screen easy to use Usenet newsreader. It  can  read  news
       locally (e.g., /var/spool/news) or remotely (rtin or tin -r option) via
       a NNTP (Network News Transport Protocol) server. It will  automatically
       utilize  NOV  newsoverview(5) style index files if available locally or
       via the NNTP [X]OVER command (RFC2980, RFC3977).

       tin has four separate  levels  of  operation:  Selection  level,  Group
       level,  Thread  level  and Article level. Use the Help ('h') command to
       view a list of the commands available at a particular level.

       On startup tin will show a list of the newsgroups found in  ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc.  An  arrow '->' or highlighted bar will point to
       the first newsgroup. Move to a group by using the terminal  arrow  keys
       (terminal  dependent) or Down ('j') and Up ('k'). Use PgUp/PgDn (termi-
       nal dependent) or PageUp ('^U') (CTRL-U) and PageDown  ('^D')  (CTRL-D)
       to page up/down. Enter a newsgroup by pressing '<CR>'.

       The  GroupNextUnreadArtOrGrp  ('<TAB>')  key  enters the next newsgroup
       with unread articles.

EXIT STATUS
       Interactive mode:

            0      Successful program execution.

            1      Usage, syntax, configuration file or network error.

       Batch mode (''-Z''):

            0      No unread news

            1      Usage, syntax, configuration file or network error.

            2      Unread news

OPTIONS
       -4          Force connecting via IPv4 to the remote NNTP server.

       -6          Force connecting via IPv6 to the remote NNTP server.

       -a          Toggle ANSI color (default is off).

       -A          Force authentication on initial connect.

       -c          Create/update index files for every  group  in  ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc  or  file  specified  by  the  ''-f''
                   option and mark all articles as read.

       -d          Don't load newsgroup descriptions and  servers  message  of
                   the day (interactive mode).

       -D debug-level
                   Enter  debug-level  (1  = NNTP, 2 = filter, 4 = newsrc, 8 =
                   threading, 16 = memory, 32 = attributes, 64 = misc).

       -f file     Use the specified file of subscribed to newsgroups in place
                   of ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc.

       -g server   Use   the   server  and  newsrc  specified  in  ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/newsrctable.

       -G article-limit
                   Limit the number of articles/group  to  retrieve  from  the
                   server.

       -h          Help listing all command-line options.

       -H          Brief introduction to tin that is also shown the first time
                   it is started.

       -I dir      Directory in which to store newsgroup index files.  Default
                   is                        ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news.  This option has no  effect  if
                   tin  retrieves  its  index  files  via NNTP and cache_over-
                   view_files is turned off.

       -l          Get number  of  articles  per  group  from  the  ${TIN_LIB-
                   DIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active} file. If read-
                   ing via NNTP this is done with the LIST command (RFC3977 ).
                   This  might  result in incorrect article counts but is usu-
                   ally  faster  than  the  default  which  is  to  read   the
                   ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active}  file
                   (either directly or via LIST) and then  check  the  article
                   count via NNTP GROUP command (RFC3977 ) ''-ln''. If reading
                   via NNTP and LIST COUNTS (RFC6048 ) is  available  that  is
                   used instead as it gives more accurate article counts.

       -m dir      Mailbox   directory   to   use.   Default   is  ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail.

       -M user     Mail unread articles to specified user for  later  reading.
                   For  more  information  read section "AUTOMATIC MAILING AND
                   SAVING NEW NEWS".

       -n          Only   load   groups   from   the    ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIB-
                   DIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active}  file  that are subscribed
                   to  in  the  user's  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc.  This
                   allows  a  noticeable  speedup  when  connecting via a slow
                   line, but tin may not be able detect which groups are  mod-
                   erated. See also ''-l''.

       -N          Mail  unread  articles  to  yourself for later reading. For
                   more information read section "AUTOMATIC MAILING AND SAVING
                   NEW NEWS".

       -o          Quick  post  all  postponed articles and exit. In order for
                   this to be really quick, it should be used with  ''-n''  if
                   possible.

       -p port     Port to use if reading via NNTP (default is 119). This also
                   overrides the environment variable $NNTPPORT if set.

       -q          Don't check for new newsgroups and skip loading the servers
                   message of the day.

       -Q          Quick  start.  Start  tin as quickly as possible. Currently
                   this is equivalent to ''-nqd''.

       -r          Read news remotely from the default NNTP  server  specified
                   in the environment variable $NNTPSERVER or contained in the
                   file /etc/nntpserver.

       -R          Read news saved by the ''-S'' option.

       -s dir      Save/read articles to/in directory. Default is  ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/News.

       -S          Save  unread  articles  for  later  reading  by  the ''-R''
                   option. For more information read section "AUTOMATIC  MAIL-
                   ING AND SAVING NEW NEWS".

       -u          Create/update  index  files  for every group in ${TIN_HOME-
                   DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc  or  file  specified  by  the  ''-f''
                   option.  This option is disabled if tin retrieves its index
                   files via a NNTP server and cache_overview_files is  turned
                   off.

       -v          Verbose mode for ''-c'', ''-M'', ''-N'', ''-S'', ''-u'' and
                   ''-Z'' options.

       -V          Print version and date information.

       -w          Quick mode to post an article and then exit. In  order  for
                   this  to  be really quick, it should be used with ''-n'' if
                   possible.

       -x          No-posting mode. You cannot post articles if you  use  this
                   option.

       -X          No   overwrite  mode.  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc  and
                   files in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin will not be overwrit-
                   ten but may be created if they don't exist.

       -z          Only start tin if there is any new/unread news. If there is
                   news tin will position cursor at first  group  with  unread
                   news. Useful for putting in login file.

       -Z          Check  if there is any new/unread news and exit with appro-
                   priate status. If ''-v'' option is specified the number  of
                   unread  articles  in  each group is printed. An exit code 0
                   indicates no news, 1 that an  error  occurred  and  2  that
                   new/unread news exists. Useful for writing scripts.

       tin  can  also  dynamically  change its options by the OptionMenu ('M')
       command. Any changes are written to ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc.
       For more information see section "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIG-
       URABLE VARIABLES" and tin(5).

       A list of groups can be specified after the other command-line options.
       This can be useful if you wish to yank in or subscribe to a hand-picked
       subset of the active newsgroups. See the  section  "NEWSGROUP  LISTS  &
       WILDCARDS" for the types of pattern that tin understands.

       If you specify a single group-name, or a wildcard that matches a single
       group, then you will automatically enter that group. Otherwise the nor-
       mal  group  selection  screen  will  appear,  but with all the matching
       groups present too, as though you had yanked just those groups in.

       With the ''-w'' flag a given group-name is used  as  default  group  to
       post  to.  If  more  than one group or a wildcard is specified only the
       first group respectively the first group that matches is used.

       Once you use SelectYankActive ('y') to yank in all  active  groups,  or
       SelectToggleReadDisplay  ('r')  to  toggle the read/unread status, then
       the command-line groups will be gone. You can use  SelectSyncWithActive
       ('Y')    to    reread   the   ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVE-
       FILE:-active} file and get them back.

       NB: With the ''-n'' flag, only unsubscribed groups in  the  ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc file (or the newsrc-file given by the ''-f'' com-
       mand-line switch or via  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/newsrctable)  can
       be matched.

       Command-line  options  have  higher  priority than attributes and tinrc
       options.  Thus, command-line option takes  precedence  over  configured
       values.

USAGE
   NEWS ADMINISTRATION
       Maintaining  Netnews on large networks of machines can be a pretty time
       consuming job as I discovered when I was given the job  of  maintaining
       our news system and news users.

       A  user starting tin for the first time can be automatically subscribed
       to a list of newsgroups that are deemed appropriate by the news  admin-
       istrator.  The  subscriptions  file  should be created in your news lib
       directory (i.e.,  ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/subscriptions)  and  should
       have file permissions set to 0644. If you read news via NNTP, then your
       news server must support the LIST SUBSCRIPTIONS command. It is part  of
       the  NNTP  List  Extensions  (RFC6048  )  and all modern servers should
       understand it.

   SCREEN FORMAT
       tin has four separate  levels  of  operation:  Selection  level,  Group
       level, Thread level and Article level.

       At  the  Selection level the title displays (the name of the newsserver
       and) the number of subscribed groups (containing new unread  articles).
       The  newsgroups  are displayed in the middle of the screen usually with
       the number of unread articles displayed on the same line in front,  but
       it can be customized via select_format.

       ->M    1     2  comp.security.announce  Announcements from the CERT abou
         M    2     1  news.admin.announce     Announcements for news adminstra
              3    22  news.software.misc      News-related software other than
              4  1475  news.software.nntp      The Network News Transfer Protoc
         X    5   124  news.software.readers   Discussion of software used to r

       There  may  also be a character prefixing the line. An explanation fol-
       lows:

       u         This group is  unsubscribed.  To  see  only  your  subscribed
                 groups use the SelectToggleReadDisplay ('r') or SelectYankAc-
                 tive ('y') toggle keys.

       M         This is a moderated group. Any posts you make will have to be
                 approved  by  the  group administrator before it will be made
                 public. tin will ask for confirmation before you  post  to  a
                 moderated group.

       N         This is a new newsgroup which has been created since you last
                 used tin. New newsgroups are not  subscribed  to  by  default
                 (However,  see the $AUTOSUBSCRIBE / $AUTOUNSUBSCRIBE environ-
                 ment variables).  Subscribe to it in the normal  way  if  you
                 wish  the group to continue to appear in your Selection Menu.
                 Simply ignore new newsgroups and they will be gone  the  next
                 time  you  start tin. You will have to yank in all the groups
                 to find them in a later session.

       D         This group no longer exists. If you no  longer  wish  to  see
                 this  group  then unsubscribe from it in the normal way. This
                 flag will only appear if you have set strip_bogus to "ask" in
                 the Options Menu.

       X         You  may  no  longer  make posts to this group. Often a group
                 will be superseded by a more appropriately named one.

       =         This group has been renamed and you may no longer post to it.
                 If  you  do,  then  you  will  receive  an  error  from  your
                 newsserver telling you the correct group to post to.

       At the Group level the title contains the name of the group, the number
       of conversation threads, the abbreviated threading method (thread_arti-
       cles), the limit of articles to get (if set; getart_limit),  the  total
       number of (unread) articles (art_marked_read or art_marked_unread), the
       number of hot articles art_marked_selected,  the  number  of  read  hot
       articles (if any; art_marked_read_selected), the number of recent arti-
       cles  (art_marked_recent)   and   the   number   of   killed   articles
       (art_marked_killed). I.e.:

                   alt.sources (5B -50/23+ 0* 3o 0K)

       The characters after the numbers are depending to the configuration and
       if your are in show_only_unread_arts mode or not. Some numbers could be
       missing if the specific option is not enabled. It might also contain an
       'M', 'X' or '=' (see above; doesn't work with the  ''-n''  command-line
       switch!) if the group is moderated, set to no posting or postings to it
       get redirected.

       If a thread has unread articles it is marked with art_marked_unread  in
       front  of  the  total  number  of  articles in the thread. If there are
       recent  articles  within  the  thread   it   might   be   marked   with
       art_marked_recent  in  front  of  the  total  number of articles in the
       thread - this is controlled by the recent_time option. If a thread  has
       hot  articles in it (see also section "FILTERING ARTICLES") it's marked
       with art_marked_selected in front of the total number  of  articles  in
       the  thread.  The  number of lines of the first (unread) article in the
       thread might also be shown right before the  subject  -  this  is  con-
       trolled  by  the  show_info  option.  The display can be customized via
       group_format.

                       de.admin.net-abuse.announce (11B 13+ 1* 1o 0K) M

       ->   1   +   3  108 bincancels in de.talk.sex        Christopher Lueg <l
            2   +       69 EMP/ECP gecancelt. xynx. BI= 10  Henning Weede <hwee
            3   o       93 EMP gecancelt. SouthBeach/Palms  Henning Weede <hwee
            4   *      368 <1997-11-12> Fremdcancel-FAQ     Thomas Roessler <ro

       At the Thread level the screen usually (depends on the threading method
       used) looks like this, but can be customized via thread_format:

       ->   1      [   7]  What is this funny tree in the thr  Robert F. Simmig
            2      [  12]  +->                                 Sephan Wagner <s
            3      [ 230]  | `->Tin thread-level (was: What is Bob Johnson <bob
            4      [  22]  `->tin threading menu               Brian Richardson

       At the Article level the page header has the following format:

       Sun, 28 Dec 1997 21:21:01   de.admin.news.groups      Thread   20 of 86
       Lines 50   Re: EINSPRUCH zu RESULT:de.comm.mobil.ALL   Article  47 of 59
       Urs Janssen <urs@akk.org>        at Arbeitskreis Kultur und Kommunikati

       article-body

       The  look  of  the Selection, Group and Thread level can be customized.
       See the section "CUSTOMIZING THE SCREEN FORMAT".

   COMMON MOVING KEYS
       This table shows the common keys used  for  moving  around  all  levels
       within tin.
                                    ANSI/vt100   Other Terminals
              Beg. of list/article  Home         FirstPage (^)
              End of list/article   End          LastPage ($)
              Page Up               PgUp         PageUp (u, ^U or ^B)
              Page Down             PgDn         PageDown (^D or ^F or <SPACE>)
              Line Up               Up arrow     Up (k or ^P)
              Line Down             Down arrow   Down (j or ^N)

   COMMON EDITING COMMANDS
       An  emacs  style  editing  package  allows  the  easy  editing of input
       strings.  An history list allows the easy reuse of  previously  entered
       strings.   In  addition  to the cursor keys, the following commands are
       available when editing a string:

       ^A, ^E    move to beginning or end of line, respectively.

       ^F, ^B    non-destructive move forward or back  one  location,  respec-
                 tively.

       ^D        delete  the character currently under the cursor, or send EOF
                 if no characters in the buffer.

       ^H, <DEL> delete character left of the cursor.

       ^K        delete from cursor to end of line.

       ^P, ^N    move through history, previous and next, respectively.

       ^L, ^R    redraw the current line.

       <CR>      places line on history list if non-blank, appends newline and
                 returns to the caller.

       <ESC>     aborts the present editing operation.

   GLOBAL COMMANDS
       The  following  commands  are available at all 4 menu levels and always
       have the same effect.

       ShellEscape '!'
                 Shell escape. ShellEscape by  itself  will  launch  a  shell,
                 ShellEscape  <command>  will  run an external <command>. This
                 facility may have been disabled by the System Administrator.

       ToggleColor '&'
                 Toggle use of ANSI color.

       RedrawScr '^L'
                 Redraw the current screen.

       ScrollUp '<'
                 Scroll screen up by one line.

       ScrollDown '>'
                 Scroll screen down by one line.

       Postponed 'O' '^O'
                 Reload postponed article. If your system blocks the Postponed
                 key  you  must  quote it by pressing '^V' (CTRL-V) first. The
                 postpone-menu offers the following actions: PromptYes ('y') =
                 reload  and spawn editor; PostponeOverride ('Y') = post arti-
                 cle (without spawning editor); PostponeAll ('A') =  post  all
                 postponed  articles (without spawning editor); PromptNo ('n')
                 = skip this article; Quit ('q') = quit postponed  menu.  Cur-
                 rently there is no 'simple' way to delete a postponed article
                 from the postponed-file, you have to use the  following  com-
                 mand sequence instead: reload it with Postponed, enter editor
                 with  PromptYes,  quit  editor,  discard  posting  with  Quit
                 ('^O''y''q'). See also ''-o'' command-line switch.

       Help 'h'  Help  screen  of  commands available on the current menu. You
                 can use SearchSubjF ('/'), SearchSubjB ('?') and SearchRepeat
                 ('\')  to  search  on  this screen. Quit ('q') returns to the
                 menu.

       ToggleHelpDisplay 'H'
                 Toggle the display of help mini menu at  the  bottom  of  the
                 screen.

       DisplayPostHist 'W'
                 List  articles posted by user. The date posted, the newsgroup
                 and the subject are listed. You can  use  SearchSubjF  ('/'),
                 SearchSubjB  ('?')  and  SearchRepeat ('\') to search on this
                 screen. Quit ('q') returns to the menu.

       Version 'v'
                 Print tin version information.

   NEWSGROUP SELECTION COMMANDS
       4         Select group 4.

       SelectResetNewsrc '^R'
                 Reset ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc file. This will destroy
                 all  records  of  which  articles have been read, so use this
                 carefully.

       SetRange '#'
                 Choose a range of articles to be affected by  the  next  com-
                 mand. See the section "RANGES" for more information.

       SelectSortActive '.'
                 Sort the list of newsgroups.

       SearchRepeat '\'
                 Repeat the previous search.

       SearchSubjF '/'
                 Search for a group by name and description (if displayed).

       SearchSubjB '?'
                 Backward search through the group names and descriptions.

       SelectReadGrp '^J' '<CR>'
                 Read current group.

       SelectEnterNextUnreadGrp '<TAB>' 'n'
                 Enter  next  group  with unread news. Will wrap around to the
                 beginning of the group  selection  list  looking  for  unread
                 groups.

       Catchup 'c'
                 Make  current group as all read [after confirmation] and move
                 to the next group in the group selection list.

       CatchupNextUnread 'C'
                 Mark current group as all read [after confirmation] and enter
                 the next unread group in the group selection list.

       SelectToggleDescriptions 'd'
                 Toggle  display to show just the group name or the group name
                 and the group descriptions.

       EditFilter 'E'
                 Edit the filter file and reload it afterwards.

       SelectGoto 'g'
                 Choose a new group by name.  This  command  can  be  used  to
                 access any group, even those not currently yanked in.

       ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                 Toggle  the  display  of the description of the current news-
                 group in the last line. This will not be available if tin was
                 started with the ''-d'' option.

       ToggleInverseVideo 'I'
                 Toggle inverse video.

       SelectMoveGrp 'm'
                 Move  the  current  group within the group selection list. By
                 entering '1' the group will become the first displayed  group
                 in  the  list,  by  entering '8' the eighth group in the list
                 etc. By entering '$' the group will be the  last  group  dis-
                 played.

       OptionMenu 'M'
                 User configurable options menu (for more information see sec-
                 tion "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES").

       SelectNextUnreadGrp 'N'
                 Positions the cursor on the next group with  unread  articles
                 in it.

       Quit 'q'  Quit  tin  - ask the user to confirm if confirm_choice is set
                 accordingly.

       QuitTin 'Q'
                 Quit tin - don't ask the user to confirm.

       SelectToggleReadDisplay 'r'
                 Toggle display of all subscribed to  groups  and  just  those
                 groups  containing  unread articles. Command has no effect if
                 groups were  specified  on  the  command-line  when  tin  was
                 started.

       BugReport 'R'
                 Mail  a  bug report or comment to <tin-bugs@tin.org>. This is
                 the  best  way   of   getting   bugs   fixed   and   features
                 added/changed.

       SelectSubscribe 's'
                 Subscribe to current group.

       SelectSubscribePat 'S'
                 Subscribe  to groups matching user specified pattern. See the
                 section "NEWSGROUP LISTS & WILDCARDS" for the types  of  pat-
                 tern that tin understands.

       SelectUnsubscribe 'u'
                 Unsubscribe  to  current  group.  This  can be used to remove
                 bogus groups.  See strip_bogus in the  "GLOBAL  OPTIONS  MENU
                 AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES" section.

       SelectUnsubscribePat 'U'
                 Unsubscribe  to  groups  matching user specified pattern. See
                 the section "NEWSGROUP LISTS & WILDCARDS" for  the  types  of
                 pattern that tin understands.

       Post 'w'  Post  an  article to current group. If posting fails for some
                 reason, you'll get the chance to PostEdit ('e')  the  article
                 again,  PostPostpone  ('o') it for later processing (see also
                 ''-o'' command-line switch) or discard it via Quit ('q').

       SelectQuitNoWrite 'X'
                 Quit tin without saving any changes to the configuration.

       SelectYankActive 'y'
                 Yanks in all groups. Toggles the displayed groups between all
                 the  groups  in the ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVE-
                 FILE:-active} file and just those that are subscribed  to  in
                 ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc.

       SelectSyncWithActive 'Y'
                 Reread      the     ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVE-
                 FILE:-active} file to see if any new news has  arrived  since
                 starting tin.

       SelectMarkGrpUnread 'z' 'Z'
                 Mark all articles in the current group as unread.

   GROUP INDEX COMMANDS
       All  searches  in  this  level  are  limited  to  unread articles if in
       show_only_unread_arts mode. GroupToggleReadUnread ('r') can be use tog-
       gle the setting right before/after the search.

       4         Select article 4.

       MenuFilterSelect '^A'
                 Auto  select  article(s) using a menu. Read the section "FIL-
                 TERING ARTICLES" for more information.

       MenuFilterKill '^K'
                 Kill article(s) using a menu.  Read  the  section  "FILTERING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       MarkFeedRead '^X'
                 Mark  current  article,  thread,  range,  auto-selected (hot)
                 articles, articles matching pattern  or  tagged  articles  as
                 read. A prompt asks which type should be marked.

       MarkFeedUnread '^W'
                 Mark  current  article,  thread,  range,  auto-selected (hot)
                 articles, articles matching pattern  or  tagged  articles  as
                 unread. A prompt asks which type should be marked.

       SetRange '#'
                 Choose  a  range  of articles to be affected by the next com-
                 mand. See the section "RANGES" for more information.

       LastViewed '-'
                 Re-enter the last message that was viewed.

       SearchRepeat '\'
                 Repeat the previous search

       SearchSubjF '/'
                 Search forward for specified subject.

       SearchSubjB '?'
                 Search backward for specified subject.

       GroupSelThd '*'
                 Select current thread for later processing.

       GroupDoAutoSel '+'
                 Selects all threads in current group. It is  a  shortcut  for
                 calling GroupSelPattern with a pattern of ''*''.

       GroupToggleThdSel '.'
                 Toggle  selection  of  current thread. If at least one unread
                 article, (but not every unread article) in the current thread
                 is selected, then all unread articles become selected.

       GroupSelThdIfUnreadSelected ';'
                 For  each  thread in current group, if it at least one unread
                 article is selected, all  unread  articles  become  selected.
                 This  is  useful  for  auto-selection  on author where reader
                 wants to see entire thread.

       GroupSelPattern '='
                 Prompts for a pattern with which to  match  on.  All  threads
                 whose  subjects  match the pattern will be marked selected. A
                 pattern of ''*''  will  match  all  subjects.  Entering  just
                 '<CR>' will re-use the last pattern that was entered.

       GroupReverseSel '@'
                 Reverse all selections on all articles.

       GroupUndoSel '~'
                 Undo  all  selections  on  all articles. It clears the toggle
                 effect of GroupMarkUnselArtRead  ('X')  command.  Thus  after
                 first doing a GroupMarkUnselArtRead, one can then do GroupUn-
                 doSel to reset articles. Thus, one  can  iteratively  whittle
                 down uninteresting threads.

       Pipe '|'  Pipe  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles  into  command.
                 See the section "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       QuickFilterSelect '['
                 Auto select article(s) with a  single  key  [after  confirma-
                 tion].  The  defaults  used  for selection are based upon the
                 following   four   tinrc   config   variables:   default_fil-
                 ter_select_case,  default_filter_select_expire,  default_fil-
                 ter_select_global and default_filter_select_header.  Read the
                 section  "GLOBAL  OPTIONS  MENU  AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARI-
                 ABLES" for a full explanation of these variables and "FILTER-
                 ING ARTICLES" for more information on filtering.

       QuickFilterKill ']'
                 Kill  article(s)  with a single key [after confirmation]. The
                 defaults used for killing are based upon the  following  four
                 tinrc     config     variables:     default_filter_kill_case,
                 default_filter_kill_expire,  default_filter_kill_global   and
                 default_filter_kill_header.  Read the section "GLOBAL OPTIONS
                 MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES" for a full explanation
                 of these variables and "FILTERING ARTICLES" for more informa-
                 tion on filtering.

       GroupReadBasenote '^J' '<CR>'
                 Read current article.

       GroupNextUnreadArtOrGrp '<TAB>'
                 View next unread article or group.

       SearchAuthF 'a'
                 Author forward search. This searches for articles with a spe-
                 cific ''From:'' line.

       SearchAuthB 'A'
                 Author  backward  search.  Otherwise,  see  SearchAuthF ('a')
                 above.

       SearchBody 'B'
                 Search the body of all articles in group (can be  slow).  You
                 can abort the search using Quit ('q').

       Catchup 'c'
                 Mark all articles as read [after confirmation] then return to
                 the group selection list. Move cursor to next group.

       CatchupNextUnread 'C'
                 Mark all articles as read [after confirmation] and enter  the
                 next group with unread news.

       GroupToggleSubjDisplay 'd'
                 Cycle  the  display  of  the  author through all the possible
                 options for the tinrc variable show_author.

       GroupCancel 'D'
                 Cancel (delete) or supersede (overwrite) the current article.
                 It must have been posted by the same user. The cancel message
                 can be seen in the newsgroup 'control' or 'control.cancel'.

       EditFilter 'E'
                 Edit the filter file and reload it afterwards.

       GroupGoto 'g'
                 Choose a new group by name.  This  command  can  be  used  to
                 access any group, even those not currently yanked in.

       GroupToggleGetartLimit 'G'
                 Toggle article/group limit.

       ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                 Display  the  subject  of  the  first  article in the current
                 thread in the last line.

       ToggleInverseVideo 'I'
                 Toggle inverse video.

       GroupMarkThdRead 'K'
                 Mark article/thread as read and move  onto  the  next  unread
                 article/thread.  If  a  range of articles/threads is set, the
                 range will be marked as read instead  of  the  current  arti-
                 cle/thread.  When  tagged  articles/threads  are  present,  a
                 prompt asks how to proceed.

       GroupListThd 'l'
                 Open the thread under the current cursor position.

       LookupMessage 'L'
                 Look up article by ''Message-ID:''.

       GroupMail 'm'
                 Mail current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to someone. See
                 the section "MAILING PIPING  PRINTING  REPOSTING  AND  SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       OptionMenu 'M'
                 User configurable options menu (for more information see sec-
                 tion "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES").

       GroupNextGroup 'n'
                 Go to next group.

       GroupNextUnreadArt 'N'
                 Go to next unread article.

       Print 'o' Send current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to printer. See
                 the section "MAILING PIPING  PRINTING  REPOSTING  AND  SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       GroupPrevGroup 'p'
                 Go to previous group.

       GroupPrevUnreadArt 'P'
                 Go to previous unread article.

       Quit 'q'  Return to previous level.

       QuitTin 'Q'
                 Quit tin - don't ask the user to confirm.

       GroupToggleReadUnread 'r'
                 Toggle the display between all articles and unread articles.

       BugReport 'R'
                 Mail  a  bug report or comment to <tin-bugs@tin.org>. This is
                 the  best  way   of   getting   bugs   fixed   and   features
                 added/changed.

       GroupSave 's'
                 Save  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles. See  the  sec-
                 tion  "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING ARTICLES"
                 for more information.

       GroupAutoSave 'S'
                 Save marked articles automatically without further prompting.

       GroupTag 't'
                 Toggle tag-status of current article / thread  for  GroupMail
                 ('m') / Pipe ('|') / Print ('o') / GroupSave ('s') / GroupRe-
                 post ('x').

       GroupTagParts 'T'
                 Automatically tag in order  all  the  parts  of  the  current
                 multi-part message.

       GroupToggleThreading 'u'
                 Cycle  the  threading mode through no threading, threading by
                 subject, threading by references, threading on  both  subject
                 and  references,  group  multipart  articles  into  a  thread
                 (''Subject:'' based).

       GroupUntag 'U'
                 Untag all articles that were tagged.

       Post 'w'  Post an article to current group. If posting fails  for  some
                 reason,  you'll  get the chance to edit the article again via
                 PostEdit ('e'), postpone it via PostPostpone ('o') for  later
                 processing  (see  also ''-o'' command-line switch) or discard
                 it via Quit ('q').

       GroupRepost 'x'
                 Repost an already posted article  /  thread  /  auto-selected
                 (hot)  articles / articles matching pattern / tagged articles
                 to another newsgroup(s). Useful for reposting from global  to
                 local  newsgroups.  Do  not  use  this to cross-post your own
                 articles.

       GroupMarkUnselArtRead 'X'
                 Mark all unread articles that have not been selected as read,
                 redraw  screen  to reflect changes and put index at the first
                 thread  to  begin  reading.   Pressing  GroupMarkUnselArtRead
                 ('X')  again  will  toggle back to the way it was before. See
                 GroupUndoSel ('~') command for clearing  the  toggle  effect,
                 leaving  the group will also clear the toggle effect and make
                 the changes permanent.

       MarkArtUnread 'z'
                 Mark current article as unread.

       MarkThdUnread 'Z'
                 Mark current thread as unread. If a range of threads is  set,
                 the  range  will  be  marked as unread instead of the current
                 thread. When tagged threads are present, a prompt asks how to
                 proceed.

   THREAD LISTING COMMANDS
       4         Select article 4 within thread.

       MenuFilterSelect '^A'
                 Auto  select  article(s) using a menu. Read the section "FIL-
                 TERING ARTICLES" for more information.

       MenuFilterKill '^K'
                 Kill article(s) using a menu.  Read  the  section  "FILTERING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       MarkFeedRead '^X'
                 Mark  current  article,  thread,  range,  auto-selected (hot)
                 articles, articles matching pattern  or  tagged  articles  as
                 read. A prompt asks which type should be marked.

       MarkFeedUnread '^W'
                 Mark  current  article,  thread,  range,  auto-selected (hot)
                 articles, articles matching pattern  or  tagged  articles  as
                 unread. A prompt asks which type should be marked.

       SetRange '#'
                 Choose  a  range  of articles to be affected by the next com-
                 mand. See the section "RANGES" for more information.

       LastViewed '-'
                 Re-enter the last message that was viewed.

       SearchRepeat '\'
                 Repeat the previous search.

       SearchSubjF '/'
                 Search forward for a specified subject.

       SearchSubjB '?'
                 Search backwards for a specified subject.

       ThreadSelArt '*'
                 Select the current thread for later processing.

       ThreadToggleArtSel '.'
                 Toggle selection of current article.

       ThreadReverseSel '@'
                 Reverse article selections.

       ThreadUndoSel '~'
                 Undo all selections on current thread.

       Pipe '|'  Pipe current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 /  articles  matching pattern / tagged articles into command.
                 See the section "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       ThreadReadArt '^J' '<CR>'
                 Read current article within thread.

       ThreadReadNextArtOrThread '<TAB>'
                 View next unread article within thread.

       SearchAuthF 'a'
                 Author forward search. This searches for articles with a spe-
                 cific ''From:'' line. The search will wrap over into the next
                 thread if nothing is found in the current one.

       SearchAuthB 'A'
                 Author  backward  search.  Otherwise,  see  SearchAuthF ('a')
                 above.

       SearchBody 'B'
                 Search the body of all articles in group (can be  slow).  You
                 can abort the search using Quit ('q').

       Catchup 'c'
                 Mark  thread  as  read [after confirmation] and return to the
                 group index page.  Move cursor to next thread.

       CatchupNextUnread 'C'
                 Mark thread as read [after confirmation] and enter  the  next
                 thread containing unread news.

       ThreadToggleSubjDisplay 'd'
                 Cycle  the  display  of  the  author through all the possible
                 options for the tinrc variable show_author.

       ThreadCancel 'D'
                 Cancel (delete) or supersede (overwrite) the current article.
                 It must have been posted by the same user. The cancel message
                 can be seen in the newsgroup 'control' or 'control.cancel'.

       EditFilter 'E'
                 Edit the filter file and reload it afterwards.

       ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                 Display the subject of the current article in the last line.

       ToggleInverseVideo 'I'
                 Toggle inverse video.

       ThreadMarkArtRead 'K'
                 Mark article as read and move onto the next  unread  article.
                 If  a  range  of articles is set, the range will be marked as
                 read instead of the current article. When tagged articles are
                 present, a prompt asks how to proceed.

       LookupMessage 'L'
                 Look up article by ''Message-ID:''.

       ThreadMail 'm'
                 Mail  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to someone. See
                 the  section  "MAILING  PIPING  PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       Print 'o' Send current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to printer. See
                 the section "MAILING PIPING  PRINTING  REPOSTING  AND  SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       Quit 'q'  Return to previous level.

       QuitTin 'Q'
                 Quit tin - don't ask the user to confirm.

       BugReport 'R'
                 Mail  a  bug report or comment to <tin-bugs@tin.org>. This is
                 the  best  way   of   getting   bugs   fixed   and   features
                 added/changed.

       ThreadSave 's'
                 Save  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles. See  the  sec-
                 tion  "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING ARTICLES"
                 for more information.

       ThreadAutoSave 'S'
                 Save marked articles automatically without further prompting.

       ThreadTag 't'
                 Toggle tag status of current  article  for  mailing,  piping,
                 printing, saving or reposting.

       ThreadUntag 'U'
                 Untag all tagged threads.

       Post 'w'  Post  an  article to current group. If posting fails for some
                 reason, you'll get the chance to edit the article  again  via
                 PostEdit  ('e'),  postpone  it for later processing via Post-
                 Postpone ('o') (see also ''-o'' command-line switch) or  dis-
                 card it via Quit ('q').

       MarkArtUnread 'z'
                 Mark current article in thread as unread. If a range of arti-
                 cles is set, the range will be marked as  unread  instead  of
                 the  current  article.  When  tagged  articles are present, a
                 prompt asks how to proceed.

       MarkThdUnread 'Z'
                 Mark all articles in thread as unread.

   ARTICLE VIEWER COMMANDS
       0         Read the first (base) article in this thread.

       4         Read response 4 in this thread.

       MenuFilterSelect '^A'
                 Auto select article(s) using a menu. Read the  section  "FIL-
                 TERING ARTICLES" for more information.

       PageReplyQuoteHeaders '^E'
                 Reply  through mail to the author of the current article with
                 a copy of the article with all headers included.

       PagePGPCheckArticle '^G'
                 Perform pgp(1) operations on article.

       PageToggleRaw '^H'
                 Toggles the display  mode  (raw  including  all  headers  vs.
                 cooked).

       MenuFilterKill '^K'
                 Kill  article(s)  using  a  menu. Read the section "FILTERING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       PageToggleTabs '^T'
                 Toggle the TAB width between 4 and 8 characters.

       PageFollowupQuoteHeaders '^W'
                 Post a followup to the current article with  a  copy  of  the
                 article with all headers included.

       PageToggleTex2iso '"'
                 Toggle  TeX  to ISO decoding for current article. The default
                 behavior is taken from the tex2iso_conv variable in the tinrc
                 file.

       PageToggleAllHeaders '*'
                 Toggles  the display of all headers vs. headers in news_head-
                 ers_to_display.

       PageToggleRot '%'
                 Toggle ROT-13 decoding for this article.

       PageToggleUue '('
                 Toggle the display of uuencoded sections. The default  behav-
                 ior is taken from the hide_uue variable in the tinrc file.

       PageReveal ')'
                 The  formfeed character (^L) is often used to hide 'spoilers'
                 that the reader may not initially wish to see when viewing an
                 article.  Any  text  after  a formfeed is not displayed. This
                 key-press acts like a reveal key and turns  the  hidden  text
                 back  on. Scrolling down will also reveal the text, scrolling
                 up will hide it again.

       LastViewed '-'
                 Re-enter the last message that was viewed.

       SearchRepeat '\'
                 Repeat the previous search.

       SearchSubjF '/'
                 Forward search the text of this article.

       SearchSubjB '?'
                 Backward search the text of this article.

       PageSkipIncludedText ':'
                 Skip to the end of the next quoted text-block in  this  arti-
                 cle.  Quoted  text  is  everything which matches quote_regex,
                 quote_regex2 or quote_regex3.

       PageTopThd '<'
                 Go to the first article in the current thread.

       PageBotThd '>'
                 Go to the last article in the current thread.

       PageToggleHighlight '_'
                 Toggle word highlighting on/off.

       Pipe '|'  Pipe current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 /  articles  matching pattern / tagged articles into command.
                 See the section "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       QuickFilterSelect '['
                 Auto  select  article(s) with a single key. The defaults used
                 for selection are set based upon  the  following  four  tinrc
                 config  variables:  default_filter_select_case,  default_fil-
                 ter_select_expire,      default_filter_select_global      and
                 default_filter_select_header Read the section "GLOBAL OPTIONS
                 MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES" for a full explanation
                 of these variables and "FILTERING ARTICLES" for more informa-
                 tion on filtering.

       QuickFilterKill ']'
                 Kill article(s) with a single  key.  The  defaults  used  for
                 killing  are based upon the following four tinrc config vari-
                 ables: default_filter_kill_case,  default_filter_kill_expire,
                 default_filter_kill_global   and  default_filter_kill_header.
                 Read the section "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC  CONFIGURABLE
                 VARIABLES"  for  a  full  explanation  of these variables and
                 "FILTERING ARTICLES" for more information on filtering.

       PageNextThd '^J' '<CR>'
                 Go to next base article.

       PageNextUnread '<TAB>'
                 Go  to  next  unread   article.   If   the   tinrc   variable
                 goto_next_unread  doesn't  contain  PageNextUnread, then this
                 key will first page through the current article.

       SearchAuthF 'a'
                 Author forward search.

       SearchAuthB 'A'
                 Author backward search.

       SearchBody 'B'
                 Search the body of all articles in group (can be  slow).  You
                 can abort the search using Quit ('q').

       Catchup 'c'
                 Mark  the  current  thread  as  read [after confirmation] and
                 return to the previous menu. Move cursor to next item.

       CatchupNextUnread 'C'
                 Mark the rest of the current thread as read [after  confirma-
                 tion] and enter the next thread with unread articles.

       PageCancel 'D'
                 Cancel (delete) or supersede (overwrite) the current article.
                 It must have been posted by the same user. The cancel message
                 can be seen in the newsgroup 'control' or 'control.cancel'.

       PageEditArticle 'e'
                 Edit  the  current  article. This is restricted to mailgroups
                 and saved news.

       EditFilter 'E'
                 Edit the filter file and reload it afterwards.

       PageFollowupQuote 'f'
                 Post a followup to the current article with  a  copy  of  the
                 article included.

       PageFollowup 'F'
                 Post  a  followup  to the current article without including a
                 copy of the article.

       PageFirstPage 'g'
                 Go to the start of the article.

       PageLastPage 'G'
                 Go to the end of the article.

       ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                 Display the subject of the current article in the last line.

       ToggleInverseVideo 'I'
                 Toggle inverse video.

       PageKillThd 'K'
                 Mark rest of thread as read and move  onto  the  next  unread
                 thread.

       PageListThd 'l'
                 Show the thread menu that the current article is a part of.

       LookupMessage 'L'
                 Look up article by ''Message-ID:''.

       PageMail 'm'
                 Mail  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to someone. See
                 the  section  "MAILING  PIPING  PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       OptionMenu 'M'
                 User configurable options menu (for more information see sec-
                 tion "GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES").

       PageNextArt 'n'
                 Go to the next article.

       PageNextUnreadArt 'N'
                 Go to the next unread article.

       Print 'o' Send  current article / thread / auto-selected (hot) articles
                 / articles matching pattern / tagged articles to printer. See
                 the  section  "MAILING  PIPING  PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING
                 ARTICLES" for more information.

       PagePrevArt 'p'
                 Go to the previous article.

       PagePrevUnreadArt 'P'
                 Go to the previous unread article.

       Quit 'q'  Return to the previous level.

       QuitTin 'Q'
                 Quit tin - don't ask the user to confirm.

       PageReplyQuote 'r'
                 Reply through mail to the author of the current article  with
                 a copy of the article included.

       PageReply 'R'
                 Reply through mail to the author of the current article with-
                 out including the original article.

       PageSave 's'
                 Save current article / thread / auto-selected (hot)  articles
                 /  articles  matching pattern / tagged articles. See the sec-
                 tion "MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING  ARTICLES"
                 for more information.

       PageAutoSave 'S'
                 Save marked articles automatically without further prompting.

       PageTag 't'
                 Toggle  tag  status  of  current article for mailing, piping,
                 printing, saving or reposting.

       PageGroupSel 'T'
                 Return to group selection level.

       PageGotoParent 'u'
                 Go to parent article.

       PageViewUrl 'U'
                 Display a list of URLs in the current article. See  the  sec-
                 tion "URL LISTING" for more information.

       PageViewAttach 'V'
                 Display a list of attachments of the current article. See the
                 section "ATTACHMENT LISTING" for more information.

       Post 'w'  Post an article to the current group. If  posting  fails  for
                 some  reason, you'll get the chance to edit the article again
                 via PostEdit ('e'), postpone  it  for  later  processing  via
                 PostPostpone  ('o')  (see also ''-o'' command-line switch) or
                 discard it via Quit ('q').

       PageRepost 'x'
                 Repost an already posted article  /  thread  /  auto-selected
                 (hot)  articles / articles matching pattern / tagged articles
                 to another newsgroup(s). Useful for reposting from global  to
                 local newsgroups. Do not use this to crosspost your own arti-
                 cles.

       MarkArtUnread 'z'
                 Mark article as unread.

       MarkThdUnread 'Z'
                 Mark the current thread as unread.

   URL LISTING
       PageViewUrl ('U') displays a list  of  URLs  in  the  current  article.
       Besides the common moving keys, the following commands are available:

           UrlSelect '^J' '<CR>'
                     The  current  URL  will  be prompted and opened using the
                     url_handler. '<ESC>' or no input will skip the URL.

           SearchSubjF '/'
                     URL forward search.

           SearchSubjB '?'
                     URL backward search.

           SearchRepeat '\'
                     Repeat the previous search.

           ShellEscape '!'
                     Shell escape.

           ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                     Toggle the display of the current URL in the last line.

           Help 'h'  Help screen of commands available.

           ToggleHelpDisplay 'H'
                     Toggle the display of help mini menu at the bottom of the
                     screen.

   ATTACHMENT LISTING
       PageViewAttach  ('V')  displays  a  list  of attachments of the current
       article. Besides the common moving keys,  the  following  commands  are
       available:

           AttachPipe 'p'
                     Pipe attachment into command.

           AttachSave 's'
                     Save current attachment / tagged attachments to disk.

           AttachSelect '^J' '<CR>'
                     View attachment.

           AttachTag 't'
                     Tag one or more attachments for saving.

           AttachTagPattern '='
                     Prompts  for  a  pattern  to match. All attachments whose
                     name/description or content type/transfer encoding  match
                     the pattern will be tagged.

           AttachToggleTagged '@'
                     Reverse tagging of all attachments.

           AttachUntag 'U'
                     Untag all tagged attachments.

           SearchSubjF '/'
                     Attachment forward search.

           SearchSubjB '?'
                     Attachment backward search.

           SearchRepeat '\'
                     Repeat the previous search.

           GlobalPipe '|'
                     Pipe attachment into command. Uses the raw attachment, no
                     decoding is done.

           ShellEscape '!'
                     Shell escape.

           ToggleInfoLastLine 'i'
                     Toggle the display of the name/description of the current
                     attachment in the last line.

           Help 'h'  Help screen of commands available.

           ToggleHelpDisplay 'H'
                     Toggle the display of help mini menu at the bottom of the
                     screen.

   GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU AND TINRC CONFIGURABLE VARIABLES
       At startup, tin reads in the configuration  files  (see  also  tin(5)).
       They  contain a list of variables that can be used to configure the way
       tin works. If it exists,  the  global  configuration  file,  ${TIN_LIB-
       DIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/tinrc  is  read. After that, the user's own configura-
       tion file is read from ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc.  The  global
       file  is  useful for distributing system-wide defaults to new users who
       have no private tinrc yet.

       The  variables   are   user   configurable   by   editing   ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc  directly. Most of them can also be set in the
       GLOBAL OPTIONS MENU which is accessed by pressing OptionMenu  ('M')  at
       all  levels.  It  allows the user to customize the behavior of tin. The
       options are saved to the file  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc  when
       you exit tin so don't edit the file directly whilst tin is running.

       In  the  options  menu  use  the  cursor  keys in the usual way to move
       around. Use ConfigSelect ('^J' or '<CR>') to 'open' the option you wish
       to  change. You will need to enter a new value or use '<SPACE>' to tog-
       gle the available  options.  ConfigSelect  will  save  the  new  value,
       '<ESC>' will abort without saving changes.

       As  with  the other menus, RedrawScr ('^L') will redraw the screen. You
       can use SearchSubjF ('/'), SearchSubjB ('?') and SearchRepeat ('\')  to
       search  for  a  specific option. Use Quit ('q') to exit the option menu
       and keep your changes. Use QuitTin ('Q') to exit without  keeping  your
       changes.

       The options menu provides access to the attributes menu for the current
       group by the ConfigToggleAttrib ('<TAB>') command. Pressing  ConfigTog-
       gleAttrib  again toggles back to the options menu. For more information
       see section "ATTRIBUTES MENU AND GROUP ATTRIBUTES".

       The ConfigScopeMenu ('S') command brings up the scopes menu.  For  more
       information see section "SCOPES MENU".

       Here  is a full list of all the available variables. The name in braces
       is   the   name   of   the   corresponding   setting   in   ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc.

       Abbreviate long newsgroup names (abbreviate_groupname)
           If  ON abbreviate long newsgroup names at group selection level and
           article level (if necessary) like  this:  news.software.readers  ->
           n.software.readers -> n.s.readers -> n.s.r.  Default is OFF.

       Add posted articles to filter (add_posted_to_filter)
           If  ON  add  posted articles which start a new thread to filter for
           highlighting follow-ups. Default is ON.

       Insert 'User-Agent:'-header (advertising)
           Turn ON advertising in header (''User-Agent:''). Default is ON.

       Skip multipart/alternative parts (alternative_handling)
           If ON strip multipart/alternative messages  automatically.  Default
           is ON.

       Character to show deleted articles (art_marked_deleted)
           The  character used to show that an article was deleted. Default is
           'D'.

       Character to show inrange articles (art_marked_inrange)
           The character used to show that an article is in a  range.  Default
           is '#'.

       Character to show returning arts (art_marked_return)
           The character used to show that an article will return as an unread
           article when the group is next entered. Default is '-'.

       Character to show selected articles (art_marked_selected)
           The character used to show that an article/thread is  auto-selected
           (hot).  Default is '*'.

       Character to show recent articles (art_marked_recent)
           The  character  used  to show that an article/thread is recent (not
           older than X days). See also recent_time. Default is 'o'.

       Character to show unread articles (art_marked_unread)
           The character used to show that  an  article  has  not  been  read.
           Default is '+'.

       Character to show read articles (art_marked_read)
           The  character  used to show that an article was read. Default is '
           '.

       Character to show killed articles (art_marked_killed)
           The character used to show that an article was killed.  Default  is
           'K'.  kill_level must be set accordingly.

       Character to show read selected arts (art_marked_read_selected)
           The  character  used  to show that an article was hot before it was
           read.  Default is ':'. kill_level must be set accordingly.

       Ask before using MIME viewer (ask_for_metamail)
           If ON tin will ask before using a MIME  viewer  (metamail_prog)  to
           display  MIME  messages.  This only occurs if a MIME viewer is set.
           Default is OFF.

       Send you a cc and/or bcc automatically (auto_cc_bcc)
           Automatically put your name in the ''Cc:''  and/or  ''Bcc:''  field
           when mailing an article. Default is No.

       List thread using right arrow key (auto_list_thread)
           If  ON automatically list thread when entering it using right arrow
           key.  Default is ON.

       Reconnect to server automatically (auto_reconnect)
           Default is OFF.

       Use Archive-name: header for save (auto_save)
           If ON articles/threads with ''Archive-name:''  in  header  will  be
           automatically  saved with the Archive-name & part/patch no and post
           processed if post_process_type is set to something other than 'No'.
           Default is OFF.

       Save articles in batch mode (batch_save)
           If  set  ON  articles/threads will be saved in batch mode when save
           ''-S'' or mail ''-M, -N'' is specified on the command line. Default
           is ON.

       Show mini menu & posting etiquette (beginner_level)
           If set ON a mini menu of the most useful commands will be displayed
           at the bottom of the screen for each level. Also  a  short  posting
           etiquette  will be displayed after composing an article. Default is
           ON.

       Cache NNTP overview files locally (cache_overview_files)
           If ON, create local copies of NNTP overview files. This can be used
           to  considerably  speed up accessing large groups when using a slow
           connection.  See also "INDEX FILES". Default is OFF.

       Catchup read groups when quitting (catchup_read_groups)
           If set ON the user is asked when quitting if all groups read during
           the current session should be marked read. Default is OFF.

       Standard background color (col_back)
           Standard background color

       Color of sender (From:) (col_from)
           Color of sender (From:)

       Color of article header lines (col_head)
           Color of header-lines

       Color of help text (col_help)
           Color of help pages

       Color for inverse text (background) (col_invers_bg)
           Color of background for inverse text

       Color for inverse text (foreground) (col_invers_fg)
           Color of foreground for inverse text

       Color of highlighting with _dash_ (col_markdash)
           Color  of  words  emphasized  like  _this_.  See  also  word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Color of highlighting with /slash/ (col_markslash)
           Color  of  words  emphasized  like  /this/.  See  also  word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Color of highlighting with *stars* (col_markstar)
           Color  of  words  emphasized  like  *this*.  See  also  word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Color of highlighting with -stroke- (col_markstroke)
           Color  of  words  emphasized  like  -this-.  See  also  word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Color of mini help menu (col_minihelp)
           Color of mini help menu

       Color of actual news header fields (col_newsheaders)
           Color of actual news header fields

       Standard foreground color (col_normal)
           Standard foreground color

       Color of quoted lines (col_quote)
           Color of quoted lines

       Color of twice quoted line (col_quote2)
           Color of twice quoted lines

       Color of =>3 times quoted line (col_quote3)
           Color of >=3 times quoted lines

       Color of response counter (col_response)
           Color  of  response counter. This is the text that says "Response x
           of y" in the article viewer.

       Color of signatures (col_signature)
           Color of signatures

       Color of urls highlight (col_urls)
           Color of urls highlight

       Color of verbatim blocks (col_verbatim)
           Color of verbatim blocks

       Color of article subject lines (col_subject)
           Color of article subject

       Color of text lines (col_text)
           Color of text-lines

       Color of help/mail sign (col_title)
           Color of help/mail sign

       Which actions require confirmation (confirm_choice)
           Ask for manual confirmation to protect the user.

            o  commands Ask for confirmation before executing certain  danger-
               ous  commands (e.g., Catchup ('c')). Commands that this affects
               are marked in this manual with '[after confirmation]'.  Default
               is commands & quit.

            o  quit  You'll be asked to confirm that you wish to exit tin when
               you use the Quit ('q') command.

            o  select Ask for confirmation before  marking  all  not  selected
               (with GroupMarkUnselArtRead ('X') command) articles as read.

       Format string for display of dates (date_format)
           Format  string  tin  uses for date representation. A description of
           the different format options can be found at strftime(3).  tin uses
           strftime(3)  when available and supports most format options in his
           fallback code.  Default is "%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S".

       (default_art_search)

       (default_author_search)

       (default_config_search)
           The last article/author/config option that was searched for.

       (default_filter_days)
           Default is 28.

       (default_filter_kill_case)
           Default for quick (1 key) kill filter case.  ON = filter case  sen-
           sitive, OFF = ignore case. Default is OFF.

       (default_filter_kill_expire)
           Default  for  quick  (1  key)  kill  filter  expire.  ON = limit to
           default_filter_days, OFF = don't ever expire. Default is OFF.

       (default_filter_kill_global)
           Default for quick (1 key) kill  filter  global.   ON=apply  to  all
           groups, OFF=apply to current group. Default is ON.

       (default_filter_kill_header)
           Default for quick (1 key) kill filter header.

            0
                 ''Subject:'' (case sensitive)

            1
                 ''Subject:'' (ignore case)

            2
                 ''From:'' (case sensitive)

            3
                 ''From:'' (ignore case)

            4
                 ''Message-ID:'' & full ''References:'' line

            5
                 ''Message-ID:'' & last ''References:'' entry only

            6
                 ''Message-ID:'' entry only

            7
                 ''Lines:''

       (default_filter_select_case)
           Default  for  quick  (1  key) auto-selection filter case. ON=filter
           case sensitive, OFF=ignore case. Default is OFF.

       (default_filter_select_expire)
           Default for quick (1 key) auto-selection filter expire.  ON = limit
           to default_filter_days, OFF = don't ever expire.  Default is OFF.

       (default_filter_select_global)
           Default  for  quick (1 key) auto-selection filter global.  ON=apply
           to all groups OFF=apply to current group. Default is ON.

       (default_filter_select_header)
           Default for quick (1 key) auto-selection filter header.

            0
                 ''Subject:'' (case sensitive)

            1
                 ''Subject:'' (ignore case)

            2
                 ''From:'' (case sensitive)

            3
                 ''From:'' (ignore case)

            4
                 ''Message-ID:'' & full ''References:'' line

            5
                 ''Message-ID:'' & last ''References:'' entry only

            6
                 ''Message-ID:'' entry only

            7
                 ''Lines:''

       (default_goto_group)

       (default_group_search)

       (default_mail_address)

       (default_move_group)

       (default_pattern)

       (default_pipe_command)

       (default_post_newsgroups)

       (default_post_subject)

       (default_range_group)

       (default_range_select)

       (default_range_thread)

       (default_repost_group)

       (default_save_file)

       (default_save_mode)

       (default_select_pattern)

       (default_shell_command)

       (default_subject_search)

       Draw -> instead of highlighted bar (draw_arrow)
           Allows groups/articles to be selected by an arrow '->' if set ON or
           by an highlighted bar if set OFF. Default is OFF.

       Invocation of your editor (editor_format)
           The  format  string  used  to  create the editor start command with
           parameters.  Default is "%E +%N %F" (i.e., /bin/vi +7 .article).

       Force redraw after certain commands (force_screen_redraw)
           Specifies whether a screen redraw should always be done after  cer-
           tain external commands. Default is OFF.

       Number of articles to get (getart_limit)
           If  getart_limit  is  > 0 not more than getart_limit articles/group
           are fetched from the server. If getart_limit is < 0 tin will  start
           fetching  articles  from  your first unread minus absolute value of
           getart_limit. Default is 0, which means no limit.

       Catchup group using left key (group_catchup_on_exit)
           If ON catchup group when leaving with the left arrow  key.  Default
           is ON.

       Format string for the Group level (group_format)
           Format string tin uses for Group level representation. See the sec-
           tion    "CUSTOMIZING    THE    SCREEN    FORMAT".    Default     is
           "%n %m %R %L  %s  %F".

       Go to the next unread article with (goto_next_unread)
           Which  keys  tin  should accept to jump to the next unread article.
           Possible is any combination of PageDown and  PageNextUnread.   When
           PageDown  is  set  tin  jumps to the next article at the end of the
           current one. When PageNextUnread is set tin  jumps  immediately  to
           the  next article when PageNextUnread ('<TAB>') is pressed. Default
           is PageNextUnread.

       Max. length of group names shown (groupname_max_length)
           Maximum length of the names of newsgroups to be displayed  so  that
           more of the newsgroup description can be displayed. Default is 32.

       Display uue data as an attachment (hide_uue)
           If  set  to  'No'  then  raw uuencoded data is displayed. If set to
           'Yes' then sections of uuencoded data will be shown with  a  single
           tag  line  showing  the  size and filename (much the same as a MIME
           attachment). If set to 'Hide all' then any  line  that  looks  like
           uuencoded data will be folded into a tag line.  This is useful when
           uuencoded data is split across more than one article but  can  also
           lead  to  false  positives. This setting can also be toggled in the
           article viewer. Default is 'No'.

       External inews (inews_prog)
           Path, name and options of external inews(1).  If  you  are  reading
           via NNTP the default value is --internal (use built-in NNTP inews),
           else it is "inews -h". The article is passed to inews_prog on STDIN
           via '< article'.

       (info_in_last_line)
           If  ON,  show  current  group description or article subject in the
           last line (not in the pager and global menu)  -  ToggleInfoLastLine
           ('i') toggles setting. This facility is useful as the full width of
           the screen is available to display long subjects. Default is OFF.

       Use interactive mail reader (interactive_mailer)
           Interactive mailreader: if greater than 0 your mailreader  will  be
           invoked earlier for reply so you can use more of its features (e.g.
           MIME, pgp, ...). 1 means include headers,  2  means  don't  include
           headers  (old  use_mailreader_i=ON option). 0 turns off usage. This
           option has to suit mailer_format. Default is 0.

       Use inverse video for page headers (inverse_okay)
           If ON use inverse video for  page  headers  and  URL  highlighting.
           Default is ON.

       Keep failed arts in ~/dead.articles (keep_dead_articles)
           If     ON    keep    all    failed    postings    in    ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/dead.articles besides keeping the last failed posting
           in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/dead.article. Default is ON.

       Filter which articles (kill_level)
           This  option  controls  the processing and display of articles that
           are killed.  There are 3 options:

            0  Kill only unread arts is the  'traditional'  behavior  of  tin.
               Only unread articles are killed once only by marking them read.
               As filtering only happens on unread  articles  with  kill_level
               set  to  0,  art_marked_killed and art_marked_read_selected are
               only shown once. When you reenter the group the  mark  will  be
               gone.

            1  Kill  all  arts  & show with K will process all articles in the
               group and therefore there is a processing overhead  when  using
               this  option.  Killed  articles are threaded as normal but they
               will be marked with art_marked_killed.

            2  Kill all arts and never show will process all articles  in  the
               group  and  therefore there is a processing overhead when using
               this option. Killed articles simply does not get  displayed  at
               all.
       Default is 0 (Kill only unread arts).

       Use 8bit characters in mail headers (mail_8bit_header)
           Allows  8bit  characters  unencoded  in the header of mail message.
           Default is OFF. Turning it ON is effective only if mail_mime_encod-
           ing  is also set to 8bit. Leaving it OFF is safe for most users and
           compliant to  Internet  Mail  Standard  (RFC5322   and  RFC2047  ).
           Default is OFF.

       Mail address (mail_address)
           User's  mail address (and full name), if not username@host. This is
           used when creating articles, sending mail and when pgp(1) signing.

       MIME encoding in mail messages (mail_mime_encoding)
           MIME encoding of the body in  mail  message,  if  necessary  (8bit,
           base64, quoted-printable, 7bit). Default is quoted-printable.

       Quote line when mailing (mail_quote_format)
           Format  of  quote  line  when  replying  (via  mail)  to an article
           (%A=Address, %D=Date,  %F=Fullname+Address,  %G=Groupname,  %M=Mes-
           sage-ID,  %N=Fullname,  %C=Firstname,  %I=Initials). Default is "In
           article %M you wrote:"

       Format of the mailbox (mailbox_format)
           Select one of the following mailbox-formats: MBOXO (default, except
           on  SCO),  MBOXRD or MMDF (default on SCO). See mbox(5) and RFC4155
           for more details on MBOXO and MBOXRD and mmdf(5) for  more  details
           about MMDF.

       Mail directory (maildir)
           The  directory  where  articles/threads  are to be saved in mbox(5)
           format. This feature is mainly for use with the  elm(1)  mail  pro-
           gram.  It allows the user to save articles/threads/groups simply by
           giving '=' as the filename to  save  to.   Default  is  ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail.

       Invocation of your mail command (mailer_format)
           The format string used to create the mailer command with parameters
           that is used for mailing articles to other people. Default  is  '%M
           "%T" < %F' (e.g., /bin/mail "iain" < .article). The flexible format
           allows other mailers with different command-line parameters  to  be
           used  such  as  'elm  -s  "%S" "%T" < "%F"' (e.g., elm -s "subject"
           "iain" < .article) or 'sendmail -oi -oem -t <  %F'  (e.g.  sendmail
           -oi -oem -t < .article).

       'Mark as (un)read' ignores tags (mark_ignore_tags)
           When  this  is  ON,  the  GroupMarkThdRead ('K'), ThreadMarkArtRead
           ('K'), MarkThdUnread ('Z') at Group level and  MarkArtUnread  ('z')
           at  Thread level functions mark just the current article or thread,
           ignoring other tagged, (un)read articles. When OFF, the same  func-
           tion presents a menu with choices of the current thread or article,
           all tagged, unread articles, or nothing.

       Mark saved articles/threads as read (mark_saved_read)
           If ON mark articles that are saved as read. Default is ON.

       Viewer program for MIME articles (metamail_prog)
           Path, name and options of external metamail(1) program used to view
           non-textual  parts of articles.  To use the built-in viewer, set to
           --internal. This is the  default  value  when  metamail(1)  is  not
           installed.  Leave  it blank if you don't want any automatic viewing
           of non-textual attachments. The 'V' command can always be  used  to
           manually view any attachments.  See also ask_for_metamail.

       MM_CHARSET (mm_charset)
           Charset  supported  locally,  which  is  also  used for MIME header
           (charset parameter and charset name in header encoding) in mail and
           news  postings.  If MIME_STRICT_CHARSET is defined at compile time,
           text in charset other than the value of this parameter  is  consid-
           ered not displayable and represented as '?'. Otherwise, all charac-
           ter sets are regarded as compatible with the display. If  it's  not
           set, the value of the environment variable $MM_CHARSET is used. US-
           ASCII or compile-time default is used in case neither  of  them  is
           defined.  If your system supports iconv(3), this option is disabled
           and you should use mm_network_charset instead.

       MM_NETWORK_CHARSET (mm_network_charset)
           Charset used for posting and  MIME  headers;  replaces  mm_charset.
           Conversion between mm_network_charset and local charset (determined
           via nl_langinfo(3)) is done via iconv(3), if this function  is  not
           available  on  your  system this option is disabled and you have to
           use mm_charset instead. mm_network_charset is limited to one of the
           following charsets:
              US-ASCII, ISO-8859-{1,2,3,4,5,7,9,10,13,14,15,16}, KOI8-{R,U,RU}
              EUC-{CN,JP,KR,TW},   ISO-2022-{CN,CN-EXT,JP,JP-1,JP-2},    Big5,
              UTF-8
           Not  all  values  might  work on your system, see iconv_open(3) for
           more details. If it's not set, the value of the  environment  vari-
           able  $MM_CHARSET is used. US-ASCII or compile-time default is used
           in case neither of them is defined.

       Attribute of highlighting with _dash_ (mono_markdash)
           Character attribute of words emphasized like _this_. It depends  on
           your  terminal  which  attributes  are usable. See also word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Attribute of highlighting with /slash/ (mono_markslash)
           Character attribute of words emphasized like /this/. It depends  on
           your  terminal  which  attributes  are usable. See also word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Attribute of highlighting with *stars* (mono_markstar)
           Character attribute of words emphasized like *this*. It depends  on
           your  terminal  which  attributes  are usable. See also word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       Attribute of highlighting with -stroke- (mono_markstroke)
           Character attribute of words emphasized like -this-. It depends  on
           your  terminal  which  attributes  are usable. See also word_h_dis-
           play_marks and word_highlight.

       (newnews)
           These are internal timers used by tin to keep track  of  new  news-
           groups.   Do  not  change  them unless you understand what they are
           for.

       Display these header fields (or *) (news_headers_to_display)
           Which news headers you wish to see. If you want to  see  _all_  the
           headers,  place  an '*' as this value. This is the only way a wild-
           card can be used.  If you enter 'X-' as the value, you will see all
           headers  beginning  with 'X-' (like X-Alan or X-Pape). You can list
           more than one by delimiting  with  spaces.  Not  defining  anything
           turns off this option.

       Do not display these header fields (news_headers_to_not_display)
           Same  as news_headers_to_display except it denotes the opposite. An
           example of using both options might be if you  thought  X-  headers
           were A Good Thing(tm), but thought Alan and Pape were miscreants...
           well then you would do something  like  this:  news_headers_to_dis-
           play=X-  news_headers_to_not_display=X-Alan  X-Pape.   Not defining
           anything turns off this option.

       Quote line when following up (news_quote_format)
           Format  of  quote  line  when  posting/following  up   an   article
           (%A=Address,  %D=Date,  %F=Fullname+Address,  %G=Groupname, %M=Mes-
           sage-ID, %N=Fullname, %C=Firstname, %I=Initials).  Default  is  "%F
           wrote:".

       NNTP read timeout in seconds (nntp_read_timeout_secs)
           Time  in seconds to wait for a response from the server. Default is
           120.  Setting this to 0 means no timeout.

       Unicode normalization form (normalization_form)
           The normalization form tin should use to normalize  unicode  input.
           The possible values are:

            0  None: no normalization

            1  NFKC: Compatibility Decomposition, followed by Canonical Compo-
               sition

            2  NFKD: Compatibility Decomposition

            3  NFC: Canonical Decomposition, followed by Canonical Composition

            4  NFD: Canonical Decomposition
       Some normalization modes are only available if they  are  supported  by
       the  library  tin  uses  to do the normalization. NFC should be used if
       possible.

       Go to first unread article in group (pos_first_unread)
           If ON put cursor at first unread article in group otherwise at last
           article. Default is ON.

       Use 8bit characters in news headers (post_8bit_header)
           Allows  8bit  characters unencoded in the header of a news article,
           if set this also disables the generation of MIME-headers when  they
           are   usually   required.   Default   is   OFF.   Only  enacted  if
           post_mime_encoding is also set to 8bit. In a number of local  hier-
           archies  where 8bit characters are used, using unencoded (raw) 8bit
           characters in header is acceptable and sometimes  even  recommended
           so that you need to check the convention adopted in the local hier-
           archy of your interest to  determine  what  to  do  with  this  and
           post_mime_encoding.

       MIME encoding in news messages (post_mime_encoding)
           MIME  encoding  of  the  body in news message, if necessary. (8bit,
           base64, quoted-printable, 7bit). Default is 8bit, which leads to no
           encoding.  base64  and  quoted-printable  are  usually undesired on
           usenet.

       View post-processed files (post_process_view)
           If ON, then tin will start an appropriate viewer program to display
           any  files  that  were post processed and uudecoded. The program is
           determined using the mailcap(5) file. Default is ON.

       Post process saved articles (post_process_type)
           This specifies whether to perform post processing  on  saved  arti-
           cles.  The following values are allowed:

            0  No (default), no post processing is done.

            1  Shell archives, unpacking of multi-part shar(1) files only.

            2  Yes, binary attachments and data will be decoded and saved.

       Filename to be used for storing posted articles (posted_articles_file)
           Keep  posted  articles in ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail/posted_arti-
           cles_file.  If no filename is set then postings will not be  saved.
           Default is 'posted'.

       Print all headers when printing (print_header)
           If  ON, then the full article header is sent to the printer. Other-
           wise only the ''Subject:'' and ''From:'' fields are output. Default
           is OFF.

       Printer program with options (printer)
           The  printer program with options that is to be used to print arti-
           cles.  The default is lpr(1) for BSD machines and  lp(1)  for  SysV
           machines.  Printing  from  tin may have been disabled by the System
           Administrator.

       Process only unread articles (process_only_unread)
           If ON only save/print/pipe/mail unread  articles  (tagged  articles
           excepted).  Default is OFF.

       Show empty Followup-To in editor (prompt_followupto)
           If  ON  show empty ''Followup-To:'' header when editing an article.
           Default is OFF.

       Characters used as quote-marks (quote_chars)
           The character used in quoting included text  to  article  followups
           and  mail  replies.  The '_' character represents a blank character
           and is replaced with ' ' when read. Default is '>_'.

       Quoting behavior (quote_style)
           How articles should be quoted when  following  up  or  replying  to
           them.  There  are  a number of things that can be done: empty lines
           can be quoted, signatures can be quoted and quote_chars can be com-
           pressed  when  quoting multiple times (for example, '> > >' will be
           turned into '>>>'). The default is to compress quotes, and to quote
           empty lines.
           When  you  are viewing an article in raw mode ('^H'), and follow up
           or reply to it, the signature will be quoted even if it would  oth-
           erwise  not be.  If show_signatures is off, then the signature will
           never be quoted.

       Regex used to show quoted lines (quote_regex)
           A regular expression that will be applied  when  reading  articles.
           All matching lines are shown in col_quote. If quote_regex is blank,
           then tin uses a built-in default.

       Regex used to show twice quoted l. (quote_regex2)
           A regular expression that will be applied  when  reading  articles.
           All  matching  lines  are  shown  in col_quote2. If quote_regex2 is
           blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Regex used to show >= 3 times q.l. (quote_regex3)
           A regular expression that will be applied  when  reading  articles.
           All  matching  lines  are  shown  in col_quote3. If quote_regex3 is
           blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Article recentness time limit (recent_time)
           If set to 0, this feature is deactivated, otherwise  it  means  the
           number of days. Default is 2.

       Render BiDi (render_bidi)
           If  ON  tin  does  the rendering of bi-directional text. If OFF tin
           leaves the  rendering  of  bi-directional  text  to  the  terminal.
           Default is OFF.

       Interval in seconds to reread active (reread_active_file_secs)
           The news ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active} file
           is reread at regular intervals to show if any new news has arrived.
           Default is 1200. Setting this to 0 will disable this feature.

       Directory to save arts/threads in (savedir)
           Directory  where articles/threads are saved. Default is ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/News.

       Score limit (kill) (score_limit_kill)
           If the score of an article is below or equal this value the article
           gets marked as killed.

       Score limit (select) (score_limit_select)
           If the score of an article is above or equal this value the article
           gets marked as hot.

       Default score to kill articles (score_kill)
           Score of an article  which  should  be  killed,  this  must  be  <=
           score_limit_kill.

       Default score to select articles (score_select)
           Score  of  an  article  which should be marked hot, this must be >=
           score_limit_select.

       Number of lines to scroll in pager (scroll_lines)
           The number of lines that will be scrolled up/down  in  the  article
           pager  when  using cursor-up/down. The default is 1 (line-by-line).
           Set to 0 to get traditional tin page-by-page scrolling. Set  to  -1
           to  get page-by-page scrolling where the top/bottom line is carried
           over   onto   the   next    page.     This    setting    supersedes
           show_last_line_prev_page=ON.  Set to -2 to get half-page scrolling.
           This setting supersedes full_page_scroll=OFF.

       Format string for the Selection level (select_format)
           Format string tin uses for Selection level representation. See  the
           section    "CUSTOMIZING    THE    SCREEN    FORMAT".   Default   is
           "%f %n %U  %G  %d".

       In group menu, show author by (show_author)
           Which information about the author should be shown. Default  is  2,
           authors full name.

            0  None, only the ''Subject:'' line will be displayed.

            1  Address,  ''Subject:'' line & the address part of the ''From:''
               line are displayed.

            2  Full Name, ''Subject:'' line & the authors full  name  part  of
               the ''From:'' line are displayed (default).

            3  Address and Name, ''Subject:'' line & all of the ''From:'' line
               are displayed.

       Show description of each newsgroup (show_description)
           If ON show a short group description text after newsgroup  name  at
           the  group selection level. The ''-d'' command-line flag will over-
           ride the setting and turn descriptions off. The text used is  taken
           from the ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/newsgroups file and if supported
           (requires tin to  be  build  with  mh-mail-handling  support)  from
           ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/mailgroups  for mailgroups. Default is
           ON.

       Function for sorting articles (sort_function)
           Function used for sorting articles. Default is 0.

            0  Use qsort(3) for sorting.

            1  Use heapsort(3) for sorting. This  might  be  faster  in  large
               groups with long threads (somewhat presorted data).

       Show lines/score in listings (show_info)
           Which  information  about  the  thread  or article should be shown.
           Default is 1, show only the line count.

            0  None, no information will be displayed.

            1  Lines, in article listing the line count of an article will  be
               displayed  and  in  thread  listing  the  line  count  of first
               (unread) article will be displayed.

            2  Score, in article listing the score of an article will be  dis-
               played  and  in  thread listing the score of the thread will be
               displayed - see also thread_score.

            3  Lines & Score, display line count and score.

       Show only unread articles (show_only_unread_arts)
           If ON show only new/unread articles otherwise  show  all  articles.
           Default is ON.

       Show only groups with unread arts (show_only_unread_groups)
           If  ON  show  only  subscribed groups that contain unread articles.
           Default is OFF.

       Display signatures (show_signatures)
           If OFF don't show signatures when displaying articles.  Default  is
           ON.

       Prepend signature with '\n-- \n' (sigdashes)
           If ON prepend the signature with sigdashes. Default is ON.

       Create signature from path/command (sigfile)
           The  path  that  specifies  the signature file to use when posting,
           following up to or replying to an article. If the path is a  direc-
           tory  then the signature will be randomly generated from files that
           are in the specified directory. If the path starts  with  a  !  the
           program  the  path  points to will be executed to generate a signa-
           ture. tin will pass the name of the current newsgroup  as  argument
           to  the  program.  --none  will suppress any signature.  Default is
           ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig.

       Add signature when reposting (signature_repost)
           If ON add signature to reposted articles. Default is ON.

       Regex used to highlight /slashes/ (slashes_regex)
           A regular expression that will be applied  when  reading  articles.
           All matching words are shown in col_markslash or mono_markslash. If
           slashes_regex is blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Sort articles by (sort_article_type)
           This specifies how articles should be  sorted.  Sort  by  ascending
           Date (6) is the default. The following sort types are allowed:

            0  Nothing, don't sort articles.

            1  Subject:  (descending),  sort  articles  by  ''Subject:'' field
               descending.

            2  Subject:  (ascending),  sort  articles  by  ''Subject:''  field
               ascending.

            3  From:  (descending),  sort articles by ''From:'' field descend-
               ing.

            4  From: (ascending), sort articles by ''From:'' field ascending.

            5  Date: (descending), sort articles by ''Date:''  field  descend-
               ing.

            6  Date:  (ascending),  sort articles by ''Date:'' field ascending
               (default).

            7  Score (descending), sort articles by filtering  score  descend-
               ing.

            8  Score (ascending), sort articles by filtering score ascending.

            9  Lines: (descending), sort articles by ''Lines:'' field descend-
               ing.

            10 Lines: (ascending), sort articles by ''Lines:''  field  ascend-
               ing.

       Sort threads by (sort_threads_type)
           This specifies how threads will be sorted. Sort by descending Score
           (1) is the default. The following sort types are allowed:

            0  Nothing, don't sort threads.

            1  Score (descending), sort threads by filtering score  descending
               (default).

            2  Score (ascending), sort threads by filtering score ascending.

            3  Last  posting  date  (descending), sort threads by date of last
               posting descending.

            4  Last posting date (ascending), sort threads  by  date  of  last
               posting ascending.

       Spamtrap warning address parts (spamtrap_warning_addresses)
           Set  this  option to a list of comma-separated strings to be warned
           if you are replying to an article by mail where the e-mail  address
           contains  one  of  these strings. The matching is case-insensitive.
           Example:

           spam,delete,remove

       Regex used to highlight *stars* (stars_regex)
           A regular expression that will be applied  when  reading  articles.
           All  matching  words are shown in col_markstar or mono_markstar. If
           stars_regex is blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Start editor with line offset (start_editor_offset)
           Set ON if the editor used for posting, follow-ups and  bug  reports
           has  the  capability  of  starting  and positioning the cursor at a
           specified line within a file. Default is ON.

       Strip blanks of end of lines (strip_blanks)
           Strips the blanks from the end of each line therefore  speeding  up
           the  display  when reading on a slow terminal or via modem. Default
           is ON.

       Remove bogus groups from newsrc (strip_bogus)
           Bogus groups are  groups  that  are  present  in  your  ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc file that no longer exist on the news server.
           There are 3 options. 0 means do nothing & always keep bogus groups.
           1  means  bogus  groups  will  be permanently removed. 2 means that
           bogus groups will appear on the Group Selection Menu, prefixed with
           a  'D'.  This  allows  you to unsubscribe from them as and when you
           wish. Default is 0 (Always Keep).

       No unsubscribed groups in newsrc (strip_newsrc)
           If ON, then unsubscribed groups will be  permanently  removed  from
           your ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc file. Default is OFF.

       Regex used to highlight -strokes- (strokes_regex)
           A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading articles.
           All matching words are shown in col_markstroke or  mono_markstroke.
           If strokes_regex is blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Wrap around threads on next unread (wrap_on_next_unread)
           If  enabled  a  search for the next unread article will wrap around
           all articles to find also previous unread articles. If disabled the
           search stops at the end of the thread list. Default is ON.

       Display "a as Umlaut-a (tex2iso_conv)
           If  ON, show "a as Umlaut-a, etc. Default is OFF. This behavior can
           also be toggled in the article viewer via PageToggleTex2iso ('"').

       Thread articles by (thread_articles)
           Defines which threading method to use. It's  possible  to  set  the
           threading  type on a per group basis by setting the group attribute
           variable  thread_arts  to  0  -   4   in   the   file   ${TIN_HOME-
           DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes.  (See also "GROUP ATTRIBUTES".)  The
           default is Both Subject and References.  The choices are:

            0  None, don't thread.

            1  Subject, thread on ''Subject:'' only.

            2  References, thread on ''References:'' only.

            3  Both Subject and References,  thread  on  ''References:''  then
               ''Subject:'' (default).

            4  Multipart Subject, thread multipart articles on ''Subject:''.

            5  Percentage Match, thread base upon a partial character match on
               ''Subject:''.

       Catchup thread by using left key (thread_catchup_on_exit)
           If ON catchup group/thread when leaving with the  left  arrow  key.
           Default is ON.

       Format string for the Thread level (thread_format)
           Format  string  tin  uses  for Thread level representation. See the
           section   "CUSTOMIZING   THE    SCREEN    FORMAT".    Default    is
           "%n %m  [%L]  %T  %F".

       Matchingness of a thread (thread_perc)
           How  closely  the subjects must match for two threads to be consid-
           ered part of the same thread. This is a percentage and the  default
           if 75%.

       Score of a thread (thread_score)
           How the total score of a thread is computed. Default is 0, the max-
           imum score in this thread.

            0  Max, the maximum score in this thread.

            1  Sum, the sum of all scores in this thread.

            2  Average, the average score in this thread.

       Transliteration (translit)
           If ON append //TRANSLIT to the first argument of  iconv_open(3)  to
           enable  transliteration. This means that when a character cannot be
           represented in the target character set,  it  can  be  approximated
           through  one  or  several  similarly looking characters. On systems
           where this  extension  doesn't  exist,  this  option  is  disabled.
           Default is OFF.

       How to treat blank lines (trim_article_body)
           Allows  you to select how tin treats blank lines in article bodies.
           Default is 0. This option does not  affect  lines  within  verbatim
           blocks.

            0  Don't trim article body, do nothing.

            1  Skip leading blank lines.

            2  Skip trailing blank lines.

            3  Skip  leading  and trailing blank l., skip leading and trailing
               blank lines.

            4  Compact multiple between text,  replace  multiple  blank  lines
               between textblocks with one blank line.

            5  Compact multiple and skip leading, 4 + 1

            6  Compact multiple and skip trailing, 4 + 2

            7  Compact mltpl., skip lead. & trai., 4 + 3

       Regex used to highlight _underline_ (underscores_regex)
           A  regular  expression  that will be applied when reading articles.
           All matching words are shown in col_markdash or  mono_markdash.  If
           underscores_regex is blank, then tin uses a built-in default.

       Remove ~/.article after posting (unlink_article)
           If ON remove ~/.article after posting. Default is ON.

       Program that opens URL's (url_handler)
           The  program  that  will be run when launching URL's in the article
           viewer using PageViewUrl ('U'). The actual URL will be appended  to
           this.  Default is url_handler.pl %s.

       URL highlighting in message body (url_highlight)
           Enable highlighting URLs in message body. Default is ON.

       Use ANSI color (use_color)
           If enabled tin uses ANSI-colors. Default is OFF.

       Use scroll keys on keypad (use_keypad)
           Default is OFF.

       Use mouse in xterm (use_mouse)
           Allows  the  mouse button support in a xterm(1x) to be enabled/dis-
           abled.  Default is OFF.

       Use slrnface to show ''X-Face:''s (use_slrnface)
           If enabled  tin  uses  slrnface(1)  to  interpret  the  ''X-Face:''
           header.  For this option to have any effect, tin must be running in
           an xterm(1x) and slrnface(1) must be in your $PATH. Default is OFF.

       Use UTF-8 graphics (utf8_graphics)
           If ON use UTF-8 characters for indicator ('->'),  thread/attachment
           tree and ellipsis ('...'). Default is OFF.

       Regex for begin of a verbatim block (verbatim_begin_regex)
           A  regular expression that tin will use to find the begin of a ver-
           batim block.

       Regex for end of a verbatim block (verbatim_end_regex)
           A regular expression that tin will use to find the end of a  verba-
           tim block.

       Detection of verbatim blocks (verbatim_handling)
           If ON verbatim blocks will be detected. Default is ON.

       Wildcard matching (wildcard)
           Allows  you to select how tin matches strings. The default is 0 and
           uses the wildmat notation, which is how this has traditionally been
           handled.   Setting  this  to 1 allows you to use perl(1) compatible
           regular   expressions   pcre(3)    (see    also    perlre(1)    and
           pcrepattern(3)).  You will probably want to update your filter file
           if you use this regularly.  NB:  Newsgroup  names  will  always  be
           matched using the wildmat notation.

       What to display instead of mark (word_h_display_marks)
           Should  the  leading  and ending stars, slashes, strokes and dashes
           also be displayed, even when they are highlighting marks?

            0  no

            1  yes, display mark

            2  print a space instead

       Word highlighting in message body (word_highlight)
           Enable word highlighting. See word_h_display_marks for the  options
           available.   If  use_color  is  enabled  the  colors  specified  in
           col_markdash, col_markslash, col_markstar  and  col_markstroke  are
           used  for word highlighting else the character attributes specified
           in mono_markdash, mono_markslash, mono_markstar and mono_markstroke
           are used. Default is ON.

       Page line wrap column (wrap_column)
           Sets  the  column  at  which  a  displayed  article  body should be
           wrapped.  If this value is equal to 0, it defaults to  the  current
           screen  width.   If  this value is greater than your current screen
           width the part off-screen  is  not  displayed.  Thus  setting  this
           option  to  a  large value can be used to disable wrapping. If this
           value is negative the wrap margin is the current screen width  plus
           the given value (as long as the result is still positive, otherwise
           it will fall back to the current screen width). Default is 0, wrap-
           ping at the current screen width.

       Quote line when cross-posting (xpost_quote_format)
           Format  is  the  same  as  for news_quote_format, this is used when
           answering to a  crossposting  to  several  groups  with  no  ''Fol-
           lowup-To:'' set.

   ATTRIBUTES MENU AND GROUP ATTRIBUTES
       tin  allows  certain  attributes  to be set on a per group basis. If it
       exists,   the   global    attributes    file,    ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIB-
       DIR}/attributes  is  read.  After  that, the user's own attributes file
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes is read.  The global attributes
       file  is  useful for distributing system-wide defaults to new users who
       have no private attributes file yet.

       Note that the scope=<grouplist> line has to  be  specified  before  the
       attributes  are  specified  for  that list. All attributes are set to a
       reasonable default so you only have to specify the attribute  that  you
       want to change (e.g., savedir). All toggle attributes are set by speci-
       fying ON/OFF. Otherwise, these  function  exactly  the  same  as  their
       global equivalents. For more details see tin(5).

       Attributes  can  also  be changed from the attributes menu which can be
       accessed by ConfigToggleAttrib  ('<TAB>')  from  the  options  menu  or
       ScopeSelect ('^J' or '<CR>') from the scopes menu.  The attributes menu
       looks and behaves very similar to the options menu. The title shows the
       current  scope. Attributes set in the current scope are marked with '+'
       to the left of the attributes number.

       Besides the keys for moving around and changing values known  from  the
       options menu the attributes menu provides the following command: Confi-
       gResetAttrib ('r') which resets an attribute to a default value.

   SCOPES MENU
       The scopes menu (accessible from the options menu with  ConfigScopeMenu
       ('S')) shows all scopes read from the global and local attributes file.
       Scopes from the global attributes file are marked with '!' to the  left
       of  the  scope  number.  Delete/rename/move are not possible with those
       scopes.

       In addition to the common moving keys the following commands are avail-
       able:  ScopeSelect  ('^J'  or '<CR>') enter the attributes menu for the
       current scope, ScopeEditAttributesFile ('E') edit the local  attributes
       file, ScopeAdd ('a') add a new scope, ScopeDelete ('d') delete the cur-
       rent scope, ScopeMove ('m') move the current scope to a  new  position,
       ScopeRename  ('r')  rename  the  current scope. ToggleHelpDisplay ('H')
       toggles the help mini menu at the bottom of the screen.

   FILTERING ARTICLES
       When there is a subject or an author which you are either  very  inter-
       ested in, or find completely uninteresting, you can easily instruct tin
       to auto-select or auto-kill articles that match rules that you specify.
       This can be anything from the name of the author to the number of lines
       in an article.

       When   tin    starts    up    the    user's    kill-file    ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/filter  (see also tin(5)) is read. Each time a news-
       group is entered the rules are applied and articles killed or  selected
       when they meet certain criteria.

       The  degree  to  which rules are applied depend on the kill_level tinrc
       setting. By default killed articles will only be  marked  read.  Adjust
       kill_level for more aggressive processing. Articles that match an auto-
       selection rule are marked with a ''*''.

       Filtering   rules   can   be   manually   entered   into    ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/filter  (but  don't  do this whilst running tin else
       you will lose your changes) or by using an on-screen menu within tin.

       The filtering capabilities of tin have been significantly enhanced over
       previous versions to include scoring and better pattern matching. It is
       recommended that you read the file filtering in the  tin  documentation
       directory. This file can also be read online at
       <http://www.tin.org/filtering.txt>.

       The  on-screen  filtering  menu  is accessed by pressing MenuFilterKill
       ('^K') or MenuFilterSelect ('^A') at the Group and Article  levels.  It
       allows  the  user to kill or select an article that matches the current
       ''Subject:'' line, ''From:'' line or a string entered by the user.  The
       user  entered  string  can  be applied to the ''Subject:'' or ''From:''
       line of an article. The filter can be limited to the current  newsgroup
       or  it can apply to all newsgroups. Once entered the user can abort the
       command and not save the new filter, edit the full filter file or  save
       filter.

   POSTING ARTICLES
       tin  allows  posting  of articles, follow-up to already posted articles
       and replying direct through mail to the author of an article.

       Use the Post ('w') command to post an article to  a  newsgroup.   After
       entering  the post subject the default editor (i.e., vi(1)) or the edi-
       tor specified by the $VISUAL or $EDITOR environment  variable  will  be
       started  and  the  article can be entered. To crosspost articles simply
       add a comma and the name of the newsgroup(s) to the end of the  ''News-
       groups:''  line at the beginning of the article. After saving and exit-
       ing the editor you are asked if you wish to a)bort posting the article,
       e)dit  the  article  again  or p)ost the article to the specified news-
       group(s).

       Use the DisplayPostHist ('W') command to display a history of the arti-
       cles you have posted. The date the article was posted, which newsgroups
       the article was posted to and the articles subject line are displayed.

       Use  the  PageFollowupQuote  ('f'),  PageFollowup  ('F')  or   PageFol-
       lowupQuoteHeaders  ('^W')  command  to  post  a follow-up article to an
       already posted article. The PageFollowupQuote  command  will  copy  the
       text  of  the  original article into the editor. The PageFollowupQuote-
       Headers command will copy the text and  all  headers  of  the  original
       article  into  the  editor.  The  editing procedure is the same as when
       posting an article with the Post ('w') command.

       Use the PageReplyQuote ('r'), PageReply ('R') or  PageReplyQuoteHeaders
       ('^E') command to reply direct through mail to the author of an already
       posted article. The PageReplyQuote command will copy the  text  of  the
       original  article  into  the  editor. The PageReplyQuoteHeaders command
       will copy the text and all headers of the  original  article  into  the
       editor.  The  editing  procedure is the same as when posting an article
       with the Post ('w') command. After saving and exiting  the  editor  you
       are asked if you wish to abort sending the article via PostAbort ('a'),
       edit the article again via PostEdit ('e') or send the  article  to  the
       author via PostSend ('s').

   CUSTOMIZING THE ARTICLE QUOTE STRING
       When  posting a followup to an article or replying direct to the author
       of an article via email the text of the  article  can  be  quoted.  The
       beginning  of  the quoted text can contain information about the quoted
       article (e.g., Name and the Message-ID of the article).  To  allow  for
       different  situations  certain information from the article can be used
       in the quoted string. The following variables are expanded if found  in
       the    tinrc    variables   mail_quote_format,   news_quote_format   or
       xpost_quote_format:
              %A  Address (Email)
              %D  Date (uses date_format)
              %F  Full address (%N <%A>)
              %G  Groupname
              %M  Message-ID
              %N  Fullname of author
              %C  Firstname of author
              %I  Initials of author
       e.g.,
              mail_quote_format=On %D in %G you wrote:
              news_quote_format=In %M, %F wrote:
       would expand to:
              On 21 Sep 1993 09:45:51 -0400 in alt.sources you wrote:
              In <abcINN123@example.org>, Joe Bar <joe@example.org> wrote:
       The quoted text section of an article is marked by  a  preceding  quote
       string  at  the beginning of each quoted line. The default quote string
       is set to '>_'. The default can be changed by setting the  tinrc  vari-
       able  quote_chars  to  ones own preference. (Note that '_' underline is
       used to represent a space).

   MAILING PIPING PRINTING REPOSTING AND SAVING ARTICLES
       The command interface to GroupMail, PageMail,  PostMail  or  ThreadMail
       ('m'),  Pipe  ('|'),  Print  ('o'), PageRepost or GroupRepost ('x') and
       GroupSave, PageSave or ThreadSave ('s' and GroupAutoSave,  PageAutoSave
       or ThreadAutoSave 'S') articles is the same for ease of use.

       Auto-saving with *AutoSave ('S') is a special case and operates only on
       marked articles. They will  processed  without  any  further  prompting
       according  to  the  default  save parameters defined in tinrc or by any
       attributes set for the current group.

       Otherwise, the initial prompt will ask you  to  select  which  article,
       thread, hot (auto-selected), regex pattern, tagged articles you wish to
       mail, pipe etc.

       Tagged articles must have already been tagged with a  *Tag  ('t')  com-
       mand.  All tagged articles can be untagged by a *Untag ('U') untag com-
       mand.

       If a regex pattern is selected you are asked to enter a pattern  (e.g.,
       to  match  all  articles  subject lines containing 'net News' you enter
       "net News"). Any articles that match the  entered  expression  will  be
       mailed,  piped  etc.  See also the wildcard tinrc variable for advanced
       pattern matching options.

       Various expansion characters are recognized when entering the directory
       and file to save to. Environment variables (prefixed with '$') and user
       home directories (prefixed by '~' or  '~username')  can  be  specified.
       Environment variables can themselves contain other special characters.

       To  save  articles  to a mailbox enter '=<mailbox name>' when asked for
       the save filename. If you enter just '=' then articles will be saved to
       a  mailbox  with  the  name of the current newsgroup (eg, alt.sources).
       See maildir.

       To save in savedir/<news.group.name>/<filename> format  enter  '+<file-
       name>'.   Environment  variables  are  allowed within a filename (e.g.,
       $SOURCES/dir/filename). See savedir.

       When saving articles you can specify whether the saved files should  be
       post   processed.   A   default   process   type   can   be   set   via
       post_process_type.

   AUTOMATIC MAILING AND SAVING NEW NEWS
       tin allows new/unread news articles to be  mailed  (''-M''  and  ''-N''
       option)  or saved (''-S'' option) in batch mode for later reading. Use-
       ful when going on holiday and you don't want to return  and  find  that
       expire  has  removed  a  whole load of unread articles. Best to run via
       cron(1) everyday while away, after which you will be mailed a report of
       which  articles  were  mailed/saved from which newsgroups and the total
       number of articles mailed/saved. Articles are saved in a  private  news
       structure  under  your  <savedir>  directory  (default  is  ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/News). Be careful of using this option if you read a  lot
       of groups because you could overflow your file system.

       When  using  ''-S''  together with a given directory to save to (''-s''
       option), the same directory must be specified when reading the articles
       by ''-R''.

       If  you  only want to save some of your groups use the batch_save tinrc
       variable. Set to ON or OFF in tinrc to  enable/disable  saving  of  all
       groups  and then use the batch_save attribute to fine tune which groups
       you want to have saved. For example, if you want to save most  of  your
       groups, then set batch_save to ON in tinrc and selectively turn off the
       ones you don't want using attributes.

       tin -M iain -c -f newsrc.mail
                           (mail any unread articles in  newsgroups  specified
                           in file newsrc.mail to the local user iain and mark
                           them as read)

       tin -S -c -f newsrc.save
                           (save any unread articles in  newsgroups  specified
                           in file newsrc.save and mark them as read)

       tin -R              (read any articles saved by tin -S)

   RANGES
       A range is simply a group of items marked using the SetRange ('#') key.
       Certain tin commands will operate on a range if one exists rather  than
       just   the  current  item.  A  range  is  an  expression  of  the  form
       <min>-<max>, e.g. 10-15 will highlight items 10 through 15 on the  cur-
       rent  screen. Other than absolute numeric positions, '.' can be used in
       place of the current cursor position and '$' can be used  to  mean  the
       highest  number  available. Currently the only commands that understand
       ranges are GroupMarkThdRead ('K'), MarkArtUnread ('z')  and  MarkThdUn-
       read ('Z').

   NEWSGROUP LISTS & WILDCARDS
       Several  places in tin allow you to specify a list of newsgroups. These
       include command-line groups,  (un)subscribe  groups,  the  AUTO[UN]SUB-
       SCRIBE  mechanism.  The  scope= attributes file tag and the filter file
       group= tag also use the same syntax. tin interprets this variable simi-
       larly  to  rn(1).   It contains a list of patterns, separated by commas
       and possibly prefixed with exclamation  points.  An  exclamation  point
       negates the meaning of a match on this pattern, and can be used to can-
       cel certain matches. Some examples:

       alt.config,news.*,!news.test

       Matches alt.config  and  everything  in  the  'news'  hierarchy  except
       news.test

       See  the explanation for the $AUTOSUBSCRIBE variables for further exam-
       ples.

   SIGNATURES
       tin will recognize a signature in either  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.sig-
       nature     or     ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig.      If     ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.signature exists, then the signature will be pulled into
       the   editor  for  mail  commands  only.  A  signature  in  ${TIN_HOME-
       DIR:-"$HOME"}/.signature will not be pulled into the editor for posting
       commands since inews(1) will append the signature itself.

       A  signature  in  ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig  will be pulled into the
       editor for both posting and mailing commands.

       The following is an example of a .Sig file:
              NAMES  Joe Bar <joe@example.org>
              SNAIL  Musterweg 12, 99999 Notreal, Germany

       tin also has the capability to generate  random  signatures  on  a  per
       newsgroup basis if so desired. The way to accomplish this is to specify
       the default signature or the group attribute sigfile as a directory. If
       for  example  the sigfile path is /usr/iain/.sigs and .sigs is a direc-
       tory then tin will select a random signature from any file that  is  in
       the  directory  .sigs (note: one signature per numbered file). A random
       signature can also consist of a fixed part signature that  can  contain
       your  name,  address etc. followed by the random sig. The fixed part of
       the random sig is read from the file $HOME/.sigfixed.

   CUSTOMIZING THE SCREEN FORMAT
       The look of the Selection, Group and Thread level can be customized via
       format  strings.  These format strings define the content and the posi-
       tion of each element on the screen. Variables are used within the  for-
       mat strings as placeholders. The following variables are available:

          %D    date
          %F    from, name and/or address
          %G    newsgroup name
          %I    initials
          %L    line count
          %M    message-id
          %R    number of responses in thread
          %S    score
          %T    thread tree
          %U    unread count
          %d    newsgroup description
          %f    newsgroup flag
          %m    article marks
          %n    current group/thread/article number
          %s    subject
          %%    %

       Not  all  variables can be used in each level. The following table pro-
       vides an overview:

              select_format group_format thread_format
          %D                      X            X
          %F                      X            X
          %G        X
          %I                      X            X
          %L                      X            X
          %M                      X            X
          %R                      X
          %S                      X            X
          %T                                   X
          %U        X
          %d        X
          %f        X
          %m                      X            X
          %n        X             X            X
          %s                      X
          %%        X             X            X

       Defaults for the format strings:

          select_format: "%f %n %U  %G  %d"
          group_format:  "%n %m %R %L  %s  %F"
          thread_format: "%n %m  [%L]  %T  %F"

       show_description controls whether the newsgroup description is shown or
       not.  The description can also be toggled with SelectToggleDescriptions
       ('d').

       The  information  displayed  with  '%F'  depends  on   the   value   of
       show_author.   GroupToggleSubjDisplay   resp.   ThreadToggleSubjDisplay
       ('d') switches through all available options.

       '%D' uses date_format for date representation. It is possible to  spec-
       ify  a  different  date  format  in  round  brackets  (e.g. '%(%d %b %y
       %H:%M)D'). See date_format for more details.

       The length of each item (except '%%') can be defined  with  a  positive
       number  after  the '%'. The following example displays the score in the
       thread level 10 characters wide:  '%10S'.  Some  variables  do  have  a
       default  width  which  may lead to truncation. Truncation for variables
       which contain only numbers happens by dividing the value with a  suffi-
       cient power of ten and adding a SI suffix to the result, i.e. the vari-
       able holds a value of 54321 and the width for the  variable  is  4  the
       result will be "54 k". If that's undesired you have to specify a larger
       width manually, i.e. '%6n'. Here is an overview of the defaults:

          Variable  width
          %I         3
          %L         4
          %M        10
          %R         3
          %S         6
          %U         5
          %n         4

       If no length is given for '%D', the length is determined by the  format
       string for the date and the date of the current day. If the date format
       string contains weekdays or months names it may happen that the date is
       longer  than  determined  in  the first pass. In this case, the date is
       truncated before display. This occurs,  for  example,  if  the  current
       month  is May and the article to which the date is displayed was posted
       in December. In such cases it might useful  to  determine  the  maximum
       length manually and specify the length in the format string.

       When  the format string contains the specifier '%F' and '%s' resp. '%T'
       and no length are given, '%F' will use one third and  '%s'  resp.  '%T'
       will use two third of the available space.

       In  addition,  a  minimum  screen  width  can  be defined for each item
       (except '%%'). In this case, the item will only be displayed  when  the
       screen  is  wider than specified. This comes in handy to not overload a
       small screen but have maximum information on a large screen. The  mini-
       mum  screen  width has to be specified by a positive number preceded by
       an '>'. In the following example tin will display the score only if the
       screen is wider than 100 characters: '%>100S'.

       If both the length and the minimum screen width should be specified for
       an item, the length must be the first parameter and the minimum  screen
       width  must be the second one. The following example displays the score
       with a length of 10 characters only if the screen  is  wider  than  100
       characters: '%10>100S'.

   TIPS AND TRICKS
       tin can be pretty much be navigated by using the four cursor keys.  The
       left arrow key goes up a level, the right arrow key goes down a  level,
       the  up  arrow  key  goes  up a line and the down arrow key goes down a
       line.

       The following newsgroups provide  useful  information  concerning  news
       software:
          --news.software.readers  (info.  about news user agents tin, rn, nn,
            slrn etc.)
          --news.software.nntp (info. about NNTP)
          --news.answers (Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) about many  differ-
            ent themes)

       Many prompts within tin offer a default choice that the cursor is posi-
       tioned on. By pressing '<CR>' the default value is taken.  Most prompts
       can be aborted by pressing '<ESC>'.

       When  tin  is  run  in an xterm(1x) it will resize itself each time the
       xterm(1x) is resized.

       tin   will   reread    the    ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVE-
       FILE:-active}  file  at set intervals (reread_active_file_secs) to show
       any newly arrived news.

       If you find large number of new newsgroups cluttering up  your  screen,
       pressing SelectToggleReadDisplay ('r') will make them go away.

   XTERM BUTTONS
       If  the  environment  variable  $TERM  is set to xterm(1x), then button
       pressing can be used to select groups and articles. In this discussion,
       the buttons are assumed to be assigned conventionally (i.e., Button1 is
       the left button).

       In general (i.e., for the group, thread and article menus),

       Button1 (left)
                 enters next (lower) level if you click on an article,  other-
                 wise pages down.

       Button2 (center)
                 returns  to  the  previous  (upper)  level if you click on an
                 article, otherwise pages up.

       Button3 (right)
                 positions on the article line under mouse  cursor,  or  pages
                 down if you've clicked outside the list of articles.

       In the group selection menu, if the mouse is pointing at a group then:

       left button
                 moves  to  and selects the group pointed at, just like Selec-
                 tReadGrp ('<CR>').

       center button
                 quits the program, just like Quit ('q').

       right button
                 moves to the group pointed at.

       In the article menu, if the mouse is pointing at an article (or thread)
       then:

       left button
                 reads  the  article  pointed  at, just like GroupReadBasenote
                 ('<CR>'), or the thread, just like GroupListThd ('l').

       center button
                 exits the  menu,  catching  up  on  the  group  if  you  have
                 group_catchup_on_exit  set  in  your configuration, just like
                 Quit ('q').

       right button
                 moves to the article (or thread) pointed at.

       In the thread menu, if the mouse is pointing at an article then:

       left button
                 reads article pointed at, just like ThreadReadArt ('<CR>').

       center button
                 exits the menu,  catching  up  on  the  thread  if  you  have
                 thread_catchup_on_exit  set  in your configuration, just like
                 Quit ('q').

       right button
                 moves to the article pointed at.

       In other menus and areas button pressing reverts back to usual cut  and
       paste of xterm(1x), but after one click of any button.

   INDEX FILES
       If your news server supports NOV index files (see newsoverview(5), most
       modern installations will) and you have a fast connection to your  news
       server then this section can be ignored.

       If  your news server doesn't support NOV index files or you have a very
       slow connection to your news server then tin can cache  the  index  for
       each  newsgroup  if  cache_overview_files is set to ON.  Note that this
       cache can use up large amounts of disk space  if  you  read  a  lot  of
       groups and/or high traffic groups.

       Each  user  creates/updates  his/her own index files that are stored in
       ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news/. If you are
       reading via NNTP then the news server name will be appended to keep the
       indexes for different servers separate. If  you  are  reading  off  the
       local  spool  and  local  overview  files already exist then turning on
       caching will have no effect. Likewise unless you see significant delays
       entering  a  group  when  reading via NNTP then turning on caching will
       have little or no effect.

       Entering a group the first time tends to be slow because the index file
       must be built from scratch. To alleviate the slowness start tin to cre-
       ate all index files for the groups you subscribe to with tin -u -v  and
       go  for  a  coffee. Subsequent readings of a group will only need to do
       incremental updating of the index file and will be much faster as  only
       new articles will need to be cached.

       As  indexing might take some time you may want to run tin form the sys-
       tem batcher cron(1) with the ''-u'' option:

              30 6 * * * /usr/local/bin/tin -u

       If you are low on local disk space  you  should  consider  to  manually
       purge cached data for groups you are not reading anymore with something
       like:

              find ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news* \
              -type f -name "[0-9]*.[0-9]" -atime +28 | xargs rm -f

FILES
       For a detailed description see tin(5).

       $MAILCAPS
       ~/.mailcap
       /etc/mailcap
       /usr/etc/mailcap
       /usr/local/etc/mailcap
       /etc/mail/mailcap

       /etc/nntpserver

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.cancelsecret

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.mime.types
       /etc/mime.types
       /etc/tin/mime.types

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsauth

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/.oldnewsrc

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.signature
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.Sig

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.sigfixed

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/.inputhistory

       ${TIN_INDEX_MAILDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.mail/

       ${TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.news${NNTPSERVER:+"-$NNTPSERVER"}/

       ${TIN_INDEX_SAVEDIR:-"${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin"}/.save/

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/active.mail

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/active.save

       /etc/tin/attributes
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/attributes

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/filter

       /etc/tin/keymap${${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}:+".${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}"}
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/keymap${${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}:+".${LC_ALL:-"${LC_CTYPE:-"${LC_MESSAGES:-"$LANG"}"}"}"}

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/mailgroups

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/newsrctable

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/posted

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/Mail/posted

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/postponed.articles

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER:${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/newsgroups

       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/$NNTPSERVER:${NNTPPORT:+":$NNTPPORT"}/serverrc

       /etc/tin/tinrc
       ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/tinrc

       /etc/tin/tin.defaults

       /usr/local/share/locale/${LC_MESSAGES}/LC_MESSAGES/tin.mo

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}"/"${TIN_ACTIVEFILE:-active}

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/active.times

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/newsgroups

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/organization

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/overview.fmt

       ${TIN_LIBDIR:-NEWSLIBDIR}/subscriptions

ENVIRONMENT
       TINRC  Define this variable if you want to specify command-line options
              that tin should be started with to save typing them each time it
              is started. The contents of the environment variable  are  added
              to  the  front  of  the command-line options before it is parsed
              therefore allowing an option specified on  the  command-line  to
              override the same option specified in the environment.

       TIN_HOMEDIR
              Define  this  variable  if you do not want the .tin directory in
              $HOME/. E.g., if you want all tin's private files  in  /tmp/.tin
              you would set $TIN_HOMEDIR to /tmp.

       TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR
              Define  this  variable if you do not want the .news directory in
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/. E.g., if you want all tin's  news
              index  files  in  /tmp/.news you would set $TIN_INDEX_NEWSDIR to
              /tmp.

       TIN_INDEX_MAILDIR
              Define this variable if you do not want the .mail  directory  in
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/.  E.g., if you want all tin's mail
              index files in /tmp/.mail you would  set  $TIN_INDEX_MAILDIR  to
              /tmp.

       TIN_INDEX_SAVEDIR
              Define  this  variable if you do not want the .save directory in
              ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.tin/. E.g., if you want all tin's  save
              index  files  in  /tmp/.save you would set $TIN_INDEX_SAVEDIR to
              /tmp.

       TIN_LIBDIR
              Define this variable if you want to override the NEWSLIBDIR path
              that was compiled into the tin binary, default is /usr/lib/news.
              If tin is running in NNTP mode  setting  this  variable  has  no
              effect.

       TIN_SPOOLDIR
              Define  this  variable if you want to override the SPOOLDIR path
              that  was   compiled   into   the   tin   binary,   default   is
              /var/spool/news.   If  tin  is running in NNTP mode setting this
              variable has no effect.

       TIN_NOVROOTDIR
              Define this variable if you want to override the NOVROOTDIR path
              that  was compiled into the tin binary, default is SPOOLDIR (see
              above). If tin is running in NNTP mode setting this variable has
              no effect.

       TIN_NOVFILENAME
              Define  this  variable if you want to override the OVERVIEW_FILE
              file name that was compiled into  the  tin  binary,  default  is
              .overview.  If tin is running in NNTP mode setting this variable
              has no effect.

       TIN_ACTIVEFILE
              Define this variable  if  you  want  to  override  the  NEWSLIB-
              DIR/active path that was compiled into the tin binary. If tin is
              running in NNTP mode setting this variable  has  no  effect.  If
              $TIN_LIBDIR is set it is prepended to $TIN_ACTIVEFILE.

       NNTPSERVER
              The  default  NNTP server to remotely read news from. This vari-
              able only needs to be set if the ''-r'' command-line  option  is
              specified  and  the  file  /etc/nntpserver  does  not exist. The
              ''-g'' command line option overrides $NNTPSERVER.

       NNTPPORT
              The NNTP TCP-port to read news from. This variable only needs to
              be  set  if  the  TCP-port is not 119 (the default).  The ''-p''
              command-line option overrides $NNTPPORT.

       DISTRIBUTION
              Set the article header field ''Distribution:'' to  the  contents
              of the variable instead of the system default.

       ISO2ASC
              Set  the ISO to ASCII charset decoding table character to use in
              decoding an article text. Values can range from -1 to 6.

            -1     no conversion

            0      universal table for many languages

            1      single-spacing universal table

            2      table for Danish, Dutch, German, Norwegian and Swedish

            3      table for Danish, Finnish, Norwegian and Swedish using  the
                   appropriate ISO 646 variant

            4      table with RFC1345 codes in brackets

            5      table for printers that allow overstriking with backspace

            6      table for IBM PC character set (code page 437)

       ORGANIZATION
              Set  the  article header field ''Organization:'' to the contents
              of the variable instead of the system default. If  reading  news
              on  an Apollo DomainOS machine the environment variable $NEWSORG
              has to be used instead of $ORGANIZATION.

       NEWSORG (DomainOS)
              DomainOS specific, same  as  $ORGANIZATION  on  other  OSs  (see
              above).

       REPLYTO
              Set the article header field ''Reply-To:'' to the return address
              specified by the variable. This is useful if you wish to receive
              replies at a different address.

       NAME   Overrides the full name given in the gecos-files in /etc/passwd,
              see also mail_address.

       REALNAME
              Same as $NAME.

       HOME   Pathname of the user's home directory. See environ(5)  for  more
              info.

       MAILER This  variable  has  precedence  over the default mailer that is
              used in all mailing operations within tin.

       MAIL   Full path to the user's mailbox.

       VISUAL This variable has precedence  over  the  default  editor  (i.e.,
              vi(1))  that is used in all editing operations within tin (e.g.,
              posting, replying, follow-ups, ...). Evaluation order is  ${VIS-
              UAL:-"${EDITOR:-vi}"}. See environ(5) for more info.

       EDITOR If  $VISUAL  is  unset,  then  this  variable is looked up for a
              default editor. If $EDITOR and $VISUAL are both unset, tin  uses
              the  systems  default editor (i.e.  vi(1)) on UNIX-systems). See
              environ(5) for more info.

       AUTOSUBSCRIBE
              A new group is checked against  the  list  of  patterns;  if  it
              matches,  tin  subscribes  the user to the group without further
              query.  See the section "NEWSGROUP LISTS  &  WILDCARDS"  for  an
              explanation of the valid syntax. For example, setting

              AUTOSUBSCRIBE=comp.os.unix.*,talk.*,!talk.politics.*

              will  automatically  subscribe the user to all new groups in the
              comp.os.unix hierarchy, and all talk groups other than talk.pol-
              itics  groups  (which  will  be queried for as usual). Of course
              this does not work if tin is started with  the  ''-X''  command-
              line switch.

       AUTOUNSUBSCRIBE
              Is handled like the $AUTOSUBSCRIBE variable, but groups matching
              the list are unsubscribed from without further query. For  exam-
              ple, setting

              AUTOUNSUBSCRIBE=alt.flame.*,u*,!uk.*

              will  automatically  unsubscribe the user from all new alt.flame
              groups and all groups starting with u (university groups)  other
              than UK groups (which will be queried for as usual).

       TMPDIR A  pathname of a directory made available for tin to create tem-
              porary files.

       MAILCAPS
              This variable can be used to override the  default  path  search
              for mailcap(5) files. See also tin(5).

       NOMETAMAIL
              Set  this  variable  to  disable  the  use  of  metamail(1) or a
              replacement (e.g. metamutt).

       MM_CHARSET

       ISPELL Set this variable to point to ispell(1) or a replacement and its
              cmd-line options.

       PGPOPTS
              Define  any  additional  options  that  you wish to pass to your
              pgp(1) or gpg(1) program.

       PGPPATH
              Override the name of the pgp(1) directory in  $HOME  that  holds
              your keys etc..

       GNUPGHOME
              Override  the  name  of the gpg(1) directory in $HOME that holds
              your keys etc..

       LC_CTYPE
              This variable determines the locale(5)  category  for  character
              handling  functions. Usually it determines the character classes
              for pattern matching character classification and  case  conver-
              sion. Currently this is not true for tin (which temporary unsets
              $LC_CTYPE right before any match is done  to  avoid  confusion).
              It's  value  should  be  of the form language[_territory][.code-
              set][@modifier]. See environ(5) for more information.

       LC_MESSAGES
              Formats of informative and diagnostic messages  and  interactive
              responses.   It's  value  should be of the form language[_terri-
              tory][.codeset][@modifier]. See  locale(5)  and  environ(5)  for
              more information.

       LC_TIME
              Date  and  time  formats.  It's value should be of the form lan-
              guage[_territory][.codeset][@modifier].   See   locale(5)    and
              environ(5) for more information.

       LC_ALL This  variable overrides the value of the $LANG variable and any
              other $LC_ variable. It's value  should  be  of  the  form  lan-
              guage[_territory][.codeset].  See  locale(5)  and environ(5) for
              more information.

       LANG   This variable determines the locale(5) category for any category
              not  specifically  selected  with a variable starting with $LC_.
              It's value should be of the form language[_territory][.codeset].
              See environ(5) for more information.

       LANGUAGE
              This variable defines a priority list for translations. Whenever
              a translation is not available  in  the  language  selected  via
              $LC_ALL  or $LANG the next language from the list is tried. It's
              value should be of the  form  language:language[:language].  See
              environ(5) for more information.

       COLUMNS
              A  decimal  integer  >  0  used to indicate the user's preferred
              width in column positions for the terminal screen or window.  If
              this  variable  is  unset or null, the implementation determines
              the number of columns, appropriate for the terminal  or  window.
              When  $COLUMNS is set, any terminal-width information implied by
              $TERM will be overridden. Users and portable applications should
              not  set $COLUMNS unless they wish to override the system selec-
              tion and produce output unrelated to the  terminal  characteris-
              tics.

       LINES  A decimal integer > 0 used to indicate the user's preferred num-
              ber of lines on a page or the vertical screen or window size  in
              lines. A line in this case is a vertical measure large enough to
              hold the tallest character in the character set being displayed.
              If this variable is unset or null, the implementation determines
              the number of lines, appropriate for  the  terminal  or  window.
              When  $LINES  is set, any terminal-height information implied by
              $TERM will be overridden. Users and portable applications should
              not  set  $LINES  unless they wish to override the system selec-
              tion.

       TERM   The type of terminal in use. This is used when looking up  term-
              cap sequences.  See environ(5) for more information.

       DISPLAY
              Display name, pointing to the X server; required for xface.

       WINDOWID
              Used for determining terminal's X window id; required for xface.
              Should be set by the terminal emulator.

       SHELL  The  pathname  of  the  user's  login   shell.   Used   to   set
              default_shell_command.

       XDG_RUNTIME_DIR
              The  pathname  of  the  user's  dir to put non-essential runtime
              files into.

SIGNALS
       tin handles a couple of signals:

       SIGHUP Terminate gracefully.

       SIGTERM
              Terminate gracefully.

       SIGUSR1
              Terminate gracefully but do not restore tty.

       SIGUSR2
              Write out ${TIN_HOMEDIR:-"$HOME"}/.newsrc-file.

SECURITY
       When tin is started in debug mode (''-D n'') it will create world read-
       able  files  in  $TMPDIR  which  may contain the users NNTP password in
       cleartext. On multiuser-systems $TMPDIR should be set to a  safe  loca-
       tion before starting tin in debug mode (e.g.  TMPDIR=$HOME tin -D 1).

CONFORMING TO
       tin   does   conform  to  the  Base  Definitions  volume  of  IEEE  Std
       1003.1-2008, Section 12, Utility Conventions (Utility Argument  Syntax,
       Utility Syntax Guidelines).

NOTES
       Regular  expression  support  is  provided  by the PCRE library package
       pcre(3), which is open source software, written by  Philip  Hazel,  and
       copyright by the University of Cambridge, England.
       <ftp://ftp.csx.cam.ac.uk/pub/software/programming/pcre/>

BUGS
       CNews  NNTPd, noffle(1) (<= V1.0-pre5) and NewsCache (<= V1.1.91) can't
       handle pipelined GROUP commands. If you run into trouble  with  any  of
       the  mentioned  servers define DISABLE_PIPELINING in include/autoconf.h
       and recompile.
       Before mailing a bug-report to <tin-bugs@tin.org> please check  if  you
       are  using  the  latest  (stable)  release,  and if not, please upgrade
       first! Have a look at the doc/TODO file for known bugs.  If  you  still
       think  you've  found a bug, please use the BugReport ('R') function and
       write in English. Please do NOT enclose a core-file in  your  bugreport
       until we request it.

HISTORY
       tin  is  based  on  the  tass(1)  newsreader that was developed by Rich
       Skrenta and posted to alt.sources in March 1991; its first version  was
       released on August 23rd 1991.  tass(1) itself was heavily influenced by
       notesfiles a public domain UNIX version of PLATO  Notes,  developed  at
       the University of Illinois by Ray Essick and Rob Kolstad in 1982. For a
       version overview see
       <http://www.tin.org/history.html>.

CREDITS
       Rich Skrenta
              author of tass(1) v3.2 which this newsreader used as its base.

       Bill Davidsen
              author of envarg.c environment variable reading routine.

       Mike Gleason
              author of sigfile.c random signature generation routines.

       Markus Kuhn <Markus.Kuhn@cl.cam.ac.uk>
              author of langinfo.c, charset.c and iso2asc.txt ISO-8859-1 docu-
              mentation.

       Arnold Robbins
              author of strftime.c date formatting routine.

       Rich Salz
              author of wildmat.c pattern matching and parsdate.y date parsing
              routines.

       Dave Taylor
              author of curses.c from the elm(1) mailreader.

       Chris Thewalt
              author of getline.c emacs(1) style editing routine.

       Steven Madsen
              for adding pgp(1) (Pretty Good Privacy) support.

       Philip Hazel <ph10@cam.ac.uk>
              for pcre(3) (Perl-compatible regular expression library).

       Patrick Powell <papowell@astart.com>
              for snprintf(3) and vsnprintf(3) fallbacks.

AUTHOR
       Iain Lea <iain@bricbrac.de>

MAINTAINER
       Urs Janssen <urs@tin.org>

SEE ALSO
       cron(1), elm(1), emacs(1), gpg(1), inews(1), ispell(1), lp(1),  lpr(1),
       metamail(1), noffle(1), perl(1), perlre(1), pgp(1), rn(1), sendmail(1),
       shar(1),   slrnface(1),   tass(1),   unshar(1),   uudecode(1),   vi(1),
       xterm(1x),   heapsort(3),   iconv(3),   iconv_open(3),  nl_langinfo(3),
       pcre(3),   pcrepattern(3),    qsort(3),    snprintf(3),    strftime(3),
       vsnprintf(3),  wildmat(3),  environ(5), locale(5), mailcap(5), mbox(5),
       mmdf(5), newsoverview(5), tin(5), RFC1345, RFC1524,  RFC2045,  RFC2046,
       RFC2047, RFC2048, RFC2980, RFC3977, RFC4155, RFC4643, RFC5322, RFC5536,
       RFC5537, RFC6048

2.2.1                            May 4th, 2014                          tin(1)

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