USELIB(2)



USELIB(2)                  Linux Programmer's Manual                 USELIB(2)

NAME
       uselib - load shared library

SYNOPSIS
       #include <unistd.h>

       int uselib(const char *library);

       Note:  No declaration of this system call is provided in glibc headers;
       see NOTES.

DESCRIPTION
       The system call uselib() serves to load a shared library to be used  by
       the  calling  process.   It  is given a pathname.  The address where to
       load is found in the library itself.  The library can have  any  recog-
       nized binary format.

RETURN VALUE
       On  success,  zero is returned.  On error, -1 is returned, and errno is
       set appropriately.

ERRORS
       In addition to all of the error codes returned by open(2) and  mmap(2),
       the following may also be returned:

       EACCES The  library  specified by library does not have read or execute
              permission, or the caller does not have  search  permission  for
              one of the directories in the path prefix.  (See also path_reso-
              lution(7).)

       ENFILE The system-wide limit on the total number of open files has been
              reached.

       ENOEXEC
              The  file  specified  by library is not an executable of a known
              type; for example, it does not have the correct magic numbers.

CONFORMING TO
       uselib() is Linux-specific, and should not be used in programs intended
       to be portable.

NOTES
       This obsolete system call is not supported by glibc.  No declaration is
       provided in glibc headers, but, through a quirk of history, glibc  ver-
       sions  before  2.23 did export an ABI for this system call.  Therefore,
       in order to employ this system call,  it  was  sufficient  to  manually
       declare the interface in your code; alternatively, you could invoke the
       system call using syscall(2).

       In ancient  libc  versions,  uselib()  was  used  to  load  the  shared
       libraries with names found in an array of names in the binary.

       Since  libc  4.3.2,  startup  code  tries  to  prefix  these names with
       "/usr/lib", "/lib" and "" before giving up.  In libc  4.3.4  and  later
       these names are looked for in the directories found in LD_LIBRARY_PATH,
       and if not found there, prefixes "/usr/lib", "/lib" and "/" are tried.

       From libc 4.4.4 on only the library "/lib/ld.so"  is  loaded,  so  that
       this  dynamic  library  can  load the remaining libraries needed (again
       using this call).  This is also the state of affairs in libc5.

       glibc2 does not use this call.

       Since Linux 3.15, this system call is available only when the kernel is
       configured with the CONFIG_USELIB option.

SEE ALSO
       ar(1),  gcc(1),  ld(1),  ldd(1), mmap(2), open(2), dlopen(3), capabili-
       ties(7), ld.so(8)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 4.05 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2016-03-15                         USELIB(2)

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