wait4(2)



WAIT4(2)                   Linux Programmer's Manual                  WAIT4(2)

NAME
       wait3, wait4 - wait for process to change state, BSD style

SYNOPSIS
       #include <sys/types.h>
       #include <sys/time.h>
       #include <sys/resource.h>
       #include <sys/wait.h>

       pid_t wait3(int *wstatus, int options,
                   struct rusage *rusage);

       pid_t wait4(pid_t pid, int *wstatus, int options,
                   struct rusage *rusage);

   Feature Test Macro Requirements for glibc (see feature_test_macros(7)):

       wait3():
           Since glibc 2.19:
               _DEFAULT_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
           Glibc 2.19 and earlier:
               _BSD_SOURCE || _XOPEN_SOURCE >= 500
       wait4():
           Since glibc 2.19:
               _DEFAULT_SOURCE
           Glibc 2.19 and earlier:
               _BSD_SOURCE

DESCRIPTION
       These functions are nonstandard; in new programs, the use of waitpid(2)
       or waitid(2) is preferable.

       The wait3() and wait4() system calls are similar to waitpid(2), but ad-
       ditionally  return  resource  usage  information about the child in the
       structure pointed to by rusage.

       Other than the use of the rusage argument, the following wait3() call:

           wait3(wstatus, options, rusage);

       is equivalent to:

           waitpid(-1, wstatus, options);

       Similarly, the following wait4() call:

           wait4(pid, wstatus, options, rusage);

       is equivalent to:

           waitpid(pid, wstatus, options);

       In other words, wait3() waits of any child, while wait4() can  be  used
       to select a specific child, or children, on which to wait.  See wait(2)
       for further details.

       If rusage is not NULL, the struct rusage to which  it  points  will  be
       filled  with  accounting information about the child.  See getrusage(2)
       for details.

RETURN VALUE
       As for waitpid(2).

ERRORS
       As for waitpid(2).

CONFORMING TO
       4.3BSD.

       SUSv1 included a specification of wait3(); SUSv2 included wait3(),  but
       marked it LEGACY; SUSv3 removed it.

NOTES
       Including <sys/time.h> is not required these days, but increases porta-
       bility.  (Indeed, <sys/resource.h> defines the  rusage  structure  with
       fields of type struct timeval defined in <sys/time.h>.)

   C library/kernel differences
       On  Linux,  wait3()  is  a  library  function implemented on top of the
       wait4() system call.

SEE ALSO
       fork(2), getrusage(2), sigaction(2), signal(2), wait(2), signal(7)

COLOPHON
       This page is part of release 4.16 of the Linux  man-pages  project.   A
       description  of  the project, information about reporting bugs, and the
       latest    version    of    this    page,    can     be     found     at
       https://www.kernel.org/doc/man-pages/.

Linux                             2018-04-30                          WAIT4(2)

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