STRTOD(3)Library functionsSTRTOD(3)NAME strtod, strtof, strtold - convert ASCII string to floating point number SYNOPSIS #include <stdlib.h> double strtod(const char *nptr, char **endptr); #define _XOPEN_SOURCE=600 /* or #define _ISOC99_SOURCE */ #include <stdlib.h> float strtof(const char *nptr, char **endptr); long double strtold(const char *nptr, char **endptr); DESCRIPTION The strtod(), strtof(), and strtold() functions convert the initial portion of the string pointed to by nptr to double, float, and long double representation, respectively. The expected form of the (initial portion of the) string is optional leading white space as recognized byisspace(3), an optional plus (``+'') or minus sign (``-'') and then either (i) a decimal number, or (ii) a hexadecimal number, or (iii) an infinity, or (iv) a NAN (not-a- number). A decimal number consists of a nonempty sequence of decimal digits pos- sibly containing a radix character (decimal point, locale dependent, usually ``.''), optionally followed by a decimal exponent. A decimal exponent consists of an ``E'' or ``e'', followed by an optional plus or minus sign, followed by a non-empty sequence of decimal digits, and indicates multiplication by a power of 10. A hexadecimal number consists of a ``0x'' or ``0X'' followed by a nonempty sequence of hexadecimal digits possibly containing a radix character, optionally followed by a binary exponent. A binary exponent consists of a ``P'' or ``p'', followed by an optional plus or minus sign, followed by a non-empty sequence of decimal digits, and indicates multiplication by a power of 2. At least one of radix character and binary exponent must be present. An infinity is either ``INF'' or ``INFINITY'', disregarding case. A NAN is ``NAN'' (disregarding case) optionally followed by `(', a sequence of characters, followed by ')'. The character string speci- fies in an implementation-dependent way the type of NAN. RETURN VALUE These functions return the converted value, if any. If endptr is not NULL, a pointer to the character after the last char- acter used in the conversion is stored in the location referenced by endptr. If no conversion is performed, zero is returned and the value of nptr is stored in the location referenced by endptr. If the correct value would cause overflow, plus or minus HUGE_VAL (HUGE_VALF, HUGE_VALL) is returned (according to the sign of the value), and ERANGE is stored in errno. If the correct value would cause underflow, zero is returned and ERANGE is stored in errno. ERRORS ERANGE Overflow or underflow occurred. CONFORMING TO C89 describes strtod(), C99 describes the other two functions. NOTES Since 0 can legitimately be returned on both success and failure, the calling program should set errno to 0 before the call, and then deter- mine if an error occurred by checking whether errno has a non-zero value after the call. EXAMPLE See the example on thestrtol(3)manual page; the use of the functions described in this manual page is similar. SEE ALSOatof(3),atoi(3),atol(3),strtol(3),strtoul(3)Linux 2001-06-07STRTOD(3)

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